UPDATE 19 August 2020: #FreeYassinJuma - Urgent Fundraiser to help the family of illegally arrested Kenyan Journalist Yassin Juma - detained by the Ethiopian regime.

UPDATE: 05. August 2020: KENYAN JOURNALIST YASSIN JUMA FINALLY GRANTED BAIL - but he is still held in detention under medical-martial law, since he allegedly tested COVID-19 positive. ECOTERRA Intl. still demands the immediate and unconditional release of abducted journalist Yassin Juma.

UPDATE 18. July 2020: Now over 5,000 Oromo people, opposition figures and journalists have been disappeared into undisclosed jails, police cells and detention centers by the Ethiopian regime. It is claimed that already around 400 protesters have been killed during the present unrest. Prime minister Abiye Ahmed and his government do not even respond to requests from embassies, like in the case of the Kenyan jounalist Yassin Juma, and the prisoners are held incommunicado with no access to families or lawyers. 

UPDATE 16. July 2020: Egypt-Ethiopian talks about the waters of the river Nile break down again while Ethiopia is already filling the dam.

UPDATE 14. July 2020: International call to the Ethiopian regime for the immediate and unconditional RELEASE OF KENYAN JOURNALIST YASSIN JUMA. #FreeYassinJuma

UPDATE 13. July 2020: Over 4,000 Oromo arrested in countrywide regime crackdown that also placed journalists in the dungeons. Internet still cut countrywide. Calls to revoke the Peace Nobel prize from primeminister Abiy Ahmed Ali of Ethiopia.

UPDATE 05. July 2020: BREAKING - PM Abiy Ahmed Ali fired his Defense Minister Lemma Megersa (OromoLammaa Magarsaa), the country’s most popular politician, ethnic Oromo and former head of Oromiya State, who had stepped back from his position for Abiy Ahmed to become prime minister in the plotted soft-coup. This shows clearly that the former TPLF regime, ruling through its former top intelligence officer Abiy Ahmed, is still the secret power in the country. Over 2,000 Oromos are arrested say local human rights officials, but Oromia deputy police commissioner Girma Gelam confimed only 1,084 people had been detained, without providing further details. Ethiopia is infamous for torturing and keeping prisoners incommunicado for years.

UPDATE 04. July 2020: Over 200 mainly young Oromo people - including a large number of women - were killed so far in the ongoing unrest by rogue officers of the Ethiopian Regime, who admits now to 166 killings by its forces and claims that also 11 officers lost their lives. 

Freedom for Oromiyaa
RIP Hachalu Hundessa

UPDATE 03. July 2020: Total internet shutdown continues countrywide. All phone communications are monitored. Rogue security forces of the Ethiopian regime continue with their crackdown on Oromo youth, the political opposition and jounalists. Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed Ali, who claims that the opposition and Egypt, with whom he is entangled in a row over the regime's Grand Renaissance Dam and the waters of the Nile, are destabilizing forces, has come under pressure to step down. 

UPDATE 02. July 2020: Over 80 Oromo killed by Ethiopian regime. Hachalu Hundessa buried in Ambo. Kenyan journalist Yassin Juma illegally arrested by the Ethiopian regime. Demand for immediate and unconditional release.

UPDATE 01. July 2020: NEWS ALERT: AT LEAST 50 PEOPLE KILLED AS PROTESTS OVER ASSASSINATED OROMO ARTIST CONTINUE; POLICE CONFIRM ARREST OF JAWAR MOHAMMED, BEKELE GERBA & 33 OTHERS; MILITARY DEPLOYED IN ADDIS ABABA.

Update 30. June 2020: At least 8 more people have been killed and 80 injured in Adama, Oromia state. OROMO LIVES MATTER !!! All Internet cut countrywide in Abyssinia (the fake Ethiopia) and especially Oromiya.

PROLOGUE: The natural environment is systematically destroyed in Ethiopia. This specifically in Oromiya State with foreign interests in the gold mines and other precious resources, as well as in the Somali Region (Ogaden) occupied by Ethiopia (oil/gaz), and in the Southen Nation States, where large displacements of the Indigenous people are on-going to please foreign investors and to allow land-grabs for industrial agriculture. Dams cut off the waters from the country's neihbours - on the Shabelle River (Somalia), the Omo River (Kenya) and from now on the Nile (Egypt). The Bale Mountains, the Oromiya highland forests and the forests in the South are further deforested despite phony claims of the curent PM to have done massive tree plantings in the country. The biodiversity is countrywide in serious decline - even in the few national parks. Environmental activists and journalists, who dare to speak out against the ecocide, are jailed. The Ethiopian government responded to this criticism with a phoney piece of propaganda that is as fake as Abiy Ahmed's reafforestation campaign.

Murder of Ethiopian singer: protest deaths, internet blackout

Murder of Ethiopian singer: protest deaths, burial date, net blackout

By Abdur Rahman Alfa Shaban - 30. June / 01. July 2020

Update July 1: Hachalu to be buried in Ambo, Thursday

The BBC is reporting that the burial of famed Ethiopian singer Hachalu Hundessa will take place in the town of Ambo in the Oromia region on Thursday, July 2.

The musician was assassinated in Addis Ababa according to police in his car, federal police chief Endeshaw Tasew is quoted to have said the assailants followed him and entered his car where they shot him. It was “well organized & sophisticated.”

He stressed that the aim of the act was “plunging” the country “into chaos.” A joint task-force between Addis Ababa and federal police is handling the investigation, he added.

Hachalu, famed for his political songs critical of the government, will receive a hero’s farewell, with flags flying half-mast for five days in the region, the BBC report added.

A Reuters report said the death toll as of late Tuesday was 10 with over 80 others wounded from the protests. PM in a televised address Tuesday night called the killing of musician “an evil act.”

“This is an act committed and inspired by domestic and foreign enemies in order to destabilise our peace and to stop us from achieving things that we started,” he said.

Ethiopia federal agents arrest Jawar Mohammed, OMN Addis office closed

Meanwhile Committee for the Protection of Journalists, CPJ; and Amnesty International are calling on the government to turn on the internet on one hand and to fully investigate the assassination.

“Amnesty International is also calling for the security forces to exercise restraint when managing the ongoing protests and refrain from the use of excessive force.”

“Ethiopian authorities’ persistence of old patterns of censorship in response to crises, when the public most needs access to timely news and information, is deeply disappointing,” CPJ’s sub-Saharn Africa lead Muthoki Mumo said in a June 30 statement.

June 30: Death reported from protests

There are differing reports of deaths arising from protests across Ethiopia due to the killing of Hachalu Hundessa, the iconic Oromo artiste.

The BBC Africa LIVE page reported two deaths earlier in the day. Privately-owned Addis Standard portal reported that “At least seven people killed in Adama, Chiro as protests engulf Oromia regional state. A Reuters report put the death toll at eight.

At least eight people have been killed and 80 injured in protests in the Ethiopian town of Adam, the Reuters report said citing a doctor. Adama is about 90 km (56 miles) southeast of the capital, Addis Ababa.

Six people died on their way to hospital and two died in intensive care, said Dr Mekonnen Feyissa, the medical director of Adama’s main hospital. The hospital received around 80 injured patients, he said. Most had been shot but some had been hit with rocks or stabbed.

ECOTERRA Intl. and other human rights organizations had warned since the start of the leadership of Abiye Ahmed, who is only a half-Oromo, served the former TPLF regime well and came to power in a soft-coup, that the operations of the fomer intelligence officer would lead to disaster unless the Oromo question is solved and freedom for Oromiya would be guaranteed.

Jawar Bekele arrested in Addis Ababa

The arrest of prominent Ethiopian pro-democracy activist Jawar Mohammed has been confirmed by multiple sources from the country. His media outfit, Oromia Media Network, OMN, has also been shut down by authorities.

The arrest comes in the wake of mass protests against the shooting and killing on Monday night of a famed Oromo musician and activist in Addis Ababa.

Hachalu Hundessa, was celebrated as a symbol for the Oromo people – Ethiopia’s most populous ethnic group. His songs spoke out about their political and economic marginalisation and became a rallying point for activists in their fight against Ethiopian regimes.

The musician had also been imprisoned for five years when he was 17 for taking part in protests, an analysis on the BBC Africa LIVE page added.

Jawar was reportedly arrested along with Bekele Gerba, a veteran opposition activist. The duo were arrested at the Oromo Cultural Center in Addis Ababa, where they were attending the funeral of Hachalu.

OMN outlets raided, Jawar reacts to death

Media magnate, pro-democracy activist and opposition politician, Jawar Mohammed, reacted to the killing of Haacaalu on Tuesday with a facebook post that said the Oromo nation had been attacked.

“They did not just kill Hachalu. They shot at the heart of the Oromo Nation, once again !!…You can kill us, all of us, you can never ever stop us!! NEVER !! La Aluta Continua,” he wrote.

Meanwhile, his media outfit the Oromia Media Network, OMN, reported on Tuesday that its offices in the capital Addis Ababa had been raided and staff taken away by security agents to an undisclosed location.

The notice posted in Afaan Oromo on their verified Facebook page said the premises had been taken over by state security actors.

Mourners believed to be escorting the body of the deceased to the city Ambo in Oromia were also forced to retreat. Reports say the body is currently back at the Oromo Cultural Center in Addis Ababa.

Death of Oromo artist: Protests, internet outage, social media reactions

Thousands of Ethiopian youth on Tuesday accompanied the body of a famed Oromo singer and songwriter to the city of Ambo in the Oromia regional state for funeral rites and burial. His body was retrieved from the St. Paulos Hospital.

The death of artist Haacaaluu Hundeessaa, was widely reported on Monday evening in local media. Addis Ababa police commission confirmed the incident and said arrests had been made.

Commissioner Getu Argaw told the state broadcaster EBC, that 36-year-old Haacaaluu, was shot dead in Akaki Kality Sub City Wereda 4, Galan Condominium site.

Protests amid calls for calm

The officer appealed for calm as did Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed who posted an Amharic message on social media. Whiles expressing condolences to those affected by the loss the PM Abiy said it was necessary to remain measured and allow the police to fully investigate the incident.

“We are at a time when, by understanding the depth of the incident, we pay attention to events happening in our country. Let’s express our grievances while taking care of ourselves and preventing additional crimes,” PM Abiy said.

Songs of the deceased are said to have played a crucial role in promoting freedom and rights for his Oromo ethnic group. The popular Oromo uprising was crucial in the coming to office of Abiy in 2018.

Despite the calls for calm, a number of security watchers and journalists are reporting protests in parts of the capital Addis Ababa.

“Unrest in Addis far more serious, according to one source. Youths engage riot police in running battles in many districts. Internet shut down. Sustained gunfire reported on the Hill – where the National Palace, govt offices located,” Rashid Abdi, a regional researcher and analyst tweeted.

Internet outage reported

Internet access has been cut nationwide, the Access Now group has confirmed. A number of activists have also confirmed the development.

Ethiopia has in the past taken the same route of blocking the internet. One of the most recent being a year ago when the federal government reported having thwarted a coup d’etat in the northern Amhara region.

The then army chief, Seare Mekonnen, who was working to restore order was also killed with another retired general in Addis Ababa.

But PM Abiy is on record to have said, Ethiopia will cut the net as and when necessary: “For sake of national security, internet and social media could be blocked any time necessary.

“As long as it is deemed necessary to save lives and prevent property damages, the internet would be closed permanently, let alone for a week,” he told lawmakers in August 2019.

Social media reactions

“I express my deepest condolences to his family, friends, and the entire country, expressing my deepest condolences on the death of the artist,” WHO DG Tedros Ghebreyesus tweeted on Tuesday morning.

 

===

Image

People demand not only the resignation but the arrest of Abiy Ahmed and want his Nobel Peace Prize be revoked - Via @eskia

===

UPDATES:

Helping the family of Yassin Juma

PLEASE HELP AND DONATE

The funds raised from this campaign will go to the family of Yassin Juma, a Kenyan journalist who was arrested and detained while working in Ethiopia with no apparent charges. Yassin has contracted COVID19 whilst illegally held in prison for more than 47 days now. In a hand written letter, Yassin expressed the agony he is going through in the Ethiopian prison and his inability to continue supporting his family.

''It is my 47th day in detention at Aradar detention Cell. It is also my 7th day since I was diagnosed with Covid-19. I am currently being held at block (W) with 68 other Covid-19 positive inmates with no access to medication in overcrowded cells, no running water and no diet to assist us with our condition.'' - Yassin indicated in his letter.

As he is the bread-winner for his children and a grandson, Yassin pleaded to be free so that he can continue to do so.

We have no control over the Ethiopian judicial system, however we can be a lending hand to his family who needs the basics. Currently they have no funds to support their day to day survival including but not limited to food and shelter. It is upon us to step in and help with all our might. We call upon his friends globally to chip in with whatever they can to urgently provide for his family. As we fundraise please keep the #FreeYassinJuma campaign going as well. Remember every $ counts and will at least give him some peace of mind knowing that his family is being looked after. Let us be the friends in need!

TEAM FUNDRAISER

Siinqe Aadaa and 3 others are organizing this fundraiser.

===

N.B.: ECOTERRA Intl. is not "thrilled" at all and still demands the immediate and unconditional release of abducted journalist Yassin Juma.

KENYAN JOURNALIST YASSIN JUMA GRANTED BAIL BY ETHIOPIAN AUTHORITIES

FCAEA Board

The Foreign Correspondents’ Association of East Africa is thrilled to learn that Kenyan journalist Yassin Juma has finally been granted bail. We look forward to the day he can be reunited with his family.

Juma has spent the last month in jail in Ethiopia, held on suspicion of crimes he has consistently denied committing. The FCAEA notes with concern that Juma’s detention was extended twice by judges, despite the fact that police failed to present any evidence of wrongdoing. Journalism is not a crime and journalists should never be detained for simply doing their jobs.

The FCAEA stands by all independent journalists in Ethiopia and urges Ethiopian authorities to allow journalists to do their jobs freely. 

===

Yassin Juma: Kenyan journalist still detained in Ethiopia 2 weeks after arrest

By  Linda Shiundu - 17. July 2020

- Investigative journalist Yassin Juma's whereabouts are yet to be known following his arrest by Ethiopian authorities

- The former NTV reporter was arrested while covering mass demonstrations following the killing of activist Hachalu Hundessa

- Juma was among more than 4,000 believed to have been arrested during the protest

A fortnight after Kenyan investigative journalist Yassin Juma was arrested by Ethiopian authorities, he is yet to be released.

An update from photojournalists and activist Boniface Mwangi showed the independent journalist was yet to be publicly produced in court.

The independent journalist was yet to be produced in court. Photo: Yassin Juma.
Source: Facebook

The Foreign Correspondents’ Association (FCA) of East Africa called for the immediate release of the journalist and demanded to know under what charges he was arrested by the Ethiopian authorities.

"FCAEA calls for the Ethiopian government to release him or otherwise provide information as to what he has been charged with and where he is being held," read a statement from FCA.
"FCAEA stands by all independent journalists in Ethiopia and urges Ethiopian authorities to allow journalists to do their jobs freely," it added.

Juma was arrested on July 2, 2020, while covering mass demonstrations following the killing of musician and activist Hachalu Hundessa.

Hundessa who was perceived as an activist for the Oromo ethnic group was shot dead while driving in Adis Ababa on, June 29, leading to the unrest.

Juma was among more than 4,000 believed to have been picked up by police during the demonstrations where over 80 people lost their lives.

However, other emerging reports alleged that Juma was arrested out of his friendship with Ethiopian activist Jawar Mohammed.

Jawar, an Oromo, is reported to be one of the fiercest critics of Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed's government. Juma was reportedly apprehended at the activist's home.

The journalist was famous for covering the plight of the Oromo Liberation Front, a rebel group that has fought a low-level insurgency in southern Ethiopia for more than 30 years. MUST WATCH HERE

In 2009, his NTV documentary on the group brought tension between Ethiopia and Kenya and he was reportedly banned from travelling to Addis Ababa.

The Ethiopian government, however, granted him clemency later on and for 10 years, he lived and worked in Ethiopia.

===

Kenyan journalist Yassin Juma detained in Ethiopia following violent protests

Kenyan journalist Yassin Juma detained in #Ethiopia following violent protests

MUST WATCH

(Credit: Emmanuel Igunza/BBC News Africa)

There are fears for the whereabouts and safety of a Kenyan journalist, Yassin Juma who was arrested more than a week ago in #Ethiopia. Yassin's family told me they have heard nothing about why he's been held

===

Free Yassin Juma: Journalists call for release of Kenya journalist detained in Ethiopia

ByChuoyo Protus - 18. July 2020

Yassin Juma
Yassin Juma in a past photo - Photo - courtesy

Journalists have called for the release of Yassin Juma, a Kenyan journalist detained in Ethiopia.

Yassin Juma went missing in Ethiopia after the Ethiopian military picked him up as he was covering the protests in Addis Ababa.

Interview with opposition

The protests began after the murder of popular musician, Hachalu Hundessa. Yassin Juma was covering the protests, which then turned violent. He then interviewed Jawar Mohammed, who the Ethiopian government link with the unrest.

The authorities arrested Juma on July 3rd and since then, no one knows of his whereabouts. Journalists have been using the #FreeYassinJuma to call for his release.

Association statement

In a statement, the Foreign Correspondents’ Association of East Africa (FCAEA), called on the Ethiopian government to free Yassin Juma.

FCAEA is an association that represents over 450 journalists who work with international media across the East African Region.

“Kenyan journalist, Yassin Juma, was arrested on Thursday, July 3rd, 2020 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

“FCAEA calls for the Ethiopian Government to release him or otherwise provide information as to what he has been charged with and where he is being held. FCAEA stands by all independent journalists in Ethiopia and urges Ethiopian authorities to allow journalists to do their jobs freely.” The statement said.

There were reports that the Ethiopian authorities would bring him to court this weekend.

Offline since arrest

Yassin Juma last spoke to his wife and told her that soldiers had surrounded him. He then asked her not to call him so as not to set off their intelligence. Since then, no one has been able to reach him by phone.

Juma had been living in Ethiopia for a year and a half before the soldiers arrested him.

Ethiopian PM, Abiy Ahmed, recently won the Nobel Prize for Peace. The PM has had a military background and got into the office while implementing a raft of reforms.

===

RELEASE KENYAN JOURNALIST YASSIN JUMA

FCAEA CALLS FOR THE RELEASE OF KENYAN JOURNALIST YASSIN JUMA BY ETHIOPIAN AUTHORITIES

By FCAEA - 15. July 2020

The Foreign Correspondents’ Association of East Africa is concerned about reports of the arrest of Kenyan journalist Yassin Juma on July 2, 2020 in Ethiopia. We are calling for his immediate release by Ethiopian authorities.

BBC reports Juma was arrested by Ethiopian security forces on July 2, 2020 while covering mass demonstrations following the killing of musician and activist Hachalu Hundessa.

Juma’s colleagues in Kenya and Ethiopia, and his family, have been unable to reach him since July 2 and are concerned for his safety.

The FCAEA urges Ethiopian authorities to publicly confirm whether Juma has been arrested and under what charges.

The FCAEA stands by all independent journalists in Ethiopia and urges Ethiopian authors to allow journalists to do their jobs freely.

If anyone has any information regarding the whereabouts of journalist Yassin Juma, please contact the FCAEA at and the Kenyan embassy in Addis Ababa: Tel: +251-11-661-0135 / +251-929-234564 / Email:  

  • FCAEA Board

===

Egypt-Ethiopia talks about the waters of the river Nile break down again

16. July 2020

Ethiopia has start filling the dam without the tripartite agreement Egypt-Ethiopia-Sudan being in place.

Image

The satellite image shows that Ethiopia started filling the Grand Ethiopian Renissance Dam using the present rainy season #GERD. Image via @Maxar

Sudan and Egypt have hit out at Ethiopia, which has started filling a reservoir behind a controversial new dam on the Blue Nile.

Satellite images show water backing up on the Grand Renaissance Dam and now Sudan has reported reduced water flow in its section of the Nile River. Both Sudan and Egypt are downstream and are worried the dam will reduce their access to water.

A deal between Ethiopia, Egypt and Sudan over the reservoir is proving elusive.

Instead there’s a fraught stand-off with national pride, regional power and economic development at stake.

----

Oromia cracks open again

23rd July 2020

The murder of a musician-turned-activist and harsh repression has reignited tensions in the Prime Minister’s restive back yard

Oromo nationalists had hoped that Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed's administration would address their demands after thousands of activists lost their lives in protests that paved the way for his premiership in early 2018.

---

But it turned out that the former spy-master and stout servant of the previous dictatoria and oppressive regimes, who actually is only half-Oromo had his own agenda, that without doubt also is dictated by his foreign masters, who financed the US-led soft coup that brought him to power.

The pride of lions

The obstacles to agreement over managing the Blue Nile dam are more about internal politics than technical issues

The positions of Egypt and Ethiopia over the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam seemed as far apart as their respective capital cities as officials began another round of video-conferencing under the auspices of the African Union on 4 July. Observers from the AU, the European Union, the United States and South Africa – President Cyril Ramaphosa is chair of the AU and mediating between the parties, which also include Sudan – are watching the latest chapter unfold. Conflict over the GERD has been growing ever since, seven years ago, the fact that the dam would happen dawned on Ethiopia's neighbours.

According to a cabinet minister in Sudan, whose political fragility as it emerges from a 36-year dictatorship ill-qualifies it for full participation in the talks, 90% of the technical issues over the dam had been solved.

But the 10% remaining concerns widely contrasting national pride and geopolitics in Egypt and Ethiopia. While Egypt's President Abdel Fattah el Sisi runs a military regime to which no serious challenge is foreseeable, Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed is at the centre of a political maelstrom which could destroy the fragile federation.

Addis's relations with Cairo were already tense when Oromo activist and singer Hachalu Hundessa was murdered on 29 June and Abiy raised the spectre of possible Egyptian involvement. He said on 3 July, 'Those external and internal forces who were not successful with the GERD issue have tried their utmost efforts to create chaos at this time,' in an obvious allusion to Egypt. Abiy also promised to find and punish 'those that are pulling the strings'. At least 166 people have been killed in the rioting that followed Hachalu's shooting.

Abiy's invocation of foreign plotters – no one not seized by populist fury really believes Egypt could have been involved – shows how serious his domestic political position is.

Abiy is creating a new ruling party, the Prosperity Party (PP), to replace the formerly ruling Ethiopian Peoples' Revolutionary Democratic Front and must forge a new national consensus (AC Vol 61 No 6, New party, old tactics).

Long-suppressed ethno-nationalist ambitions which the EPRDF could not contain have burst into the open since he became leader two years ago. His appointment was in part intended to help quell that turmoil but low-level skirmishes between the federal government and Ethiopia's constituent nations, and between them, have threatened to widen into more general and more violent conflict.

Free and fair elections originally set for August were supposed to confirm the dominance of the PP and channel separatist passions into parliament, but these polls, which were delayed in March at the start of the coronavirus pandemic, have now been postponed for at least another nine months.

National focus
Conventional wisdom suggests that Abiy, like the late EPRDF visionary Prime Minister Meles Zenawi, needs the dam as a rallying point. Its immense scale, and the more or less voluntary contribution of all Ethiopians towards the capital needed to build it provided a nationalistic focus free of ethnicity.

With little else to offer ferocious militants often careless of the consequences of confrontation, it suits Abiy politically to defy Egypt over the dam. A hostile foreign power apparently holding Ethiopia in contempt can usefully channel divisive internal energies.

Against such a background, drought mitigation protocols and dispute-resolution mechanisms over water-release when the dam reservoir is full look like small potatoes.

Egypt was angry with Addis's insistence that it will start filling the reservoir regardless of the views of others when the last round of talks ended inconclusively on 17 June. Its pride was affronted, and its view of itself in the region.

Egypt wants to influence events in Libya and has allied itself with conservative elements in the military in Sudan trying to hold the line against participatory democracy. Sisi needs to assert Egypt's sovereignty, as it sees it, over the Nile.

However, even if Ethiopia is ready to close the dam and start filling it, the issue of water flows will not become urgent for at least another two years. At the fastest rate, and assuming the most generous rains, the filling would take over five years.

Although the figures of 70% or 80% are often used to describe how close the dam is to completion, the final portion is the most expensive – turbines and distribution grids – and Ethiopia has no international finance to call on. (Because Addis never involved neighbouring countries in the planning, no international financial institution could offer finance.) Major delays have followed corruption in one of the parastatals in charge (AC Vol 59 No 23, Rounding up the suspects).

Nor is Egypt on the brink of the Nile being reduced to a trickle by a vengeful foe, whatever Sisi's propagandists may claim. The Aswan Dam only produces a small portion of Egypt's electricity, and its immense natural gas reserves supply a national superabundance of electricity, some of which is exported to Sudan. The 1.5 gigawatts of solar power which has been installed in the past three years to the north of Aswan is almost equivalent to the High Dam's entire hydroelectric capacity.

Egypt has long been ignoring its own rules on water conservation, and allows water-intensive agriculture projects, such as paddy rice, to proceed although restrictions are beginning to be applied. Faced with a lower flow of the Nile, Cairo has many options for economising on water use, most of which were supposed to have been enacted long ago. But nobody wants to adopt such measures under duress.

Broken broker
Nor has pride been a factor only on the African continent. The White House tried to prove that it could handle international diplomacy as well as the State Department, which it has spent so much time decrying, when it brokered talks in Washington between Cairo and Addis at the behest of Treasury Secretary Steve Mnuchin in February. The ineptly conducted mediation looked very much like bullying from Addis's perspective and it refused to sign an agreement which angry Ethiopian officials called an ultimatum.

Like the now almost forgotten clumsy attempt to bring peace to Libya, this gambit was less about using the US's best offices to help solve a little local difficulty, than to present a neat image to the US electorate of a peace-making White House with global reach (AC Vol 60 No 24, Trump talks peace).

Against such a background, President Ramaphosa's best option may be to advise everybody to cool down, be patient and gather round their monitors in six months or so.

Copyright © Africa Confidential 2020

===

Cry For Journalist: Family worried over Yassin Juma's safety who is being held in Ethiopia

•Jul 10, 2020

KTN News Kenya

===

Hachalu Hundessa: I received Death Threats

  • 5 July 2020

https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/news/660/cpsprodpb/521A/production/_113181012_d9a0c6d8-9b60-4832-9751-2338a42857d5.jpgHachalu had spoken of receiving death threats - Image copyright Dagi Pictures 

https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/news/624/cpsprodpb/4DCF/production/_113191991_reuters.jpg

The military was deployed in the capital as unrest spread throughout the Oromia region - Image copyright Reuters

'A thorn in the flesh'

By Bekele Atoma - 05. July 2020

Hachalu, 34, was killed on Monday, sparking unrest that spread from Oromia where he was seen as a hero.

The motive remains unclear. Hachalu had said he had received death threats.

His songs focused on the rights of the country's Oromo people, Ethiopia's largest ethnic group, and became anthems in a wave of protests that led to the downfall of the previous prime minister in 2018.

https://news.files.bbci.co.uk/include/idt2/assets/90de6a30-acaf-4415-8c2c-744eb5d49dc4

"I started to write lyrics and melodies when I was put behind bars for th first time"

Hachalu Hundessa
Ethiopian singer in 2017

Since his youth, Hachalu Hundessa was a thorn in the flesh of successive governments.

As a student in Ambo, a city at the forefront of the campaign by Oromos for self-rule, Hachalu joined student groups calling for freedom. At the age of 17, he was imprisoned for five years for his political activities.

He became increasingly politicised in prison, as he increased his knowledge about Ethiopia's history, including its rule by emperors and autocrats - and also developed his music skills.

"I did not know how to write lyrics and melodies until I was put behind bars. It is there that I learned," he said in 2017.

He released his first album Sanyii Mootii (Race of the King) in 2009, a year after walking free, and it turned him into a music star, and a political symbol of the Oromo people's aspirations.

However, he played down his political role, saying: "I am not a politician, I am an artist. Singing about what my people are going through doesn't make me a politician."

https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/news/624/cpsprodpb/E8E5/production/_90712695_mediaitem90712694.jpgIn 2016 and 2017 there was a wave of demonstrations in defiance of the government - Image copyright Reuters However, long-standing ethnic tensions have boiled over into violence.

Mr Abiy was given the Nobel Peace Prize in 2019 primarily for making peace with long-time foe Eritrea, but his efforts in transforming Ethiopia are falling foul.

https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/news/624/cpsprodpb/18267/production/_113191989_de54-1.jpgThe funeral ceremony was held in Ambo, a city at the forefront for Oromo self-rule - Image copyright Reuters 

https://news.files.bbci.co.uk/include/idt2/assets/a5de1bc6-34ac-4e27-ba97-f9f7fe0189f4_wide_fallback ===

81 killed in violence after death of Ethiopian singer Hachalu Hundessa

Ethiopia

Demonstrators hold up Oromo banners during a protest after the death of musician and activist Hachalu Hundessa on July 1, 2020 in St Paul, Minnesota. PHOTO | STEPHEN MATUREN | GETTY IMAGES | AFP

Summary

  • Hachalu Hundessa, whose political songs gave voice to the Oromo's longstanding sense of marginalisation, was shot dead on Monday night.
  • On Wednesday the worst violence took place in Hachalu's hometown of Ambo, west of Addis Ababa.
  • Also provoking anger on Wednesday was the arrest of leading opposition politician Jawar Mohammed, also an Oromo.
  • The internet remained cut off for a second day in a government bid to curb the unrest.AFP_PIC
By AFP - 02. July 2020


Two days of protests have left at least 81 people dead in Ethiopia, a police chief said Wednesday, after the murder of a popular singer from the country's largest ethnic group stoked tensions that threaten to derail the country's democratic transition.

Hachalu Hundessa, whose political songs gave voice to the Oromo's longstanding sense of marginalisation, was shot dead on Monday night.

Angry protests broke out in Addis Ababa and the region of Oromia which surrounds it, the heartland of the Oromo people who have long complained of oppression at the hands of smaller ethnic groups in the diverse country of 100 million people.

"So far 81 people have been killed, including three Oromia special police force members," Ararsa Merdasa, the Oromia police chief, said on Wednesday in a televised press briefing.

WORST CASE

On Wednesday the worst violence took place in Hachalu's hometown of Ambo, west of Addis Ababa.

At the core of the anger was Oromo nationalists' desire to see Hachalu buried in Addis Ababa -- historically at the heart of their territory, from where they feel they have been displaced.

It was a plan by the federal government to expand the capital into surrounding Oromia , hich kickstarted years of anti-government protests which swept Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed to power in 2018, as the first Oromo to hold the post.

Ambo spokesman Milkessa Beyene said that Hachalu's body had arrived in the town for burial on Thursday but "a group of youths who wanted the funeral to happen in Addis Ababa clashed with security forces, causing unrest."

He said there were "fatalities", including Hachalu's uncle.

Oromia police chief Ararsa said "there was a grenade attack on the family home of Hachalu Hundessa in Ambo. That grenade attack killed his uncle and injured two police officers."

He urged the public to be calm ahead of the funeral.

POLITICIAN'S ARREST

Also provoking anger on Wednesday was the arrest of leading opposition politician Jawar Mohammed, also an Oromo.

A former media mogul who recently entered politics, Jawar was arrested along with 34 other people for trying to intercept Hachalu's body and return it to the capital, federal police commissioner Endeshaw Tassew said in a statement late Tuesday.

In the town of Holeta, west of Addis Ababa, security forces opened fire on demonstrators demanding Jawar's release, said Teshome Bongase, a representative of the opposition Oromo Federalist Congress, of which Jawar is a member.

"The protesters were saying that Jawar is not a thief, he just wants Hachalu's body to be buried with respect. This is their culture, that is what they are asking for," said Teshome.

In October, reports that the government was attempting to remove Jawar's security detail kicked off days of ethnic violence that left more than 80 people dead.

Jawar was initially supportive of Abiy, however like many Oromo nationalists has grown more critical of the prime minister, who is accused of not sufficiently advocating for the group's interests.

DANGEROUS SITUATION

The internet remained cut off for a second day in a government bid to curb the unrest.

In Addis Ababa young people gathered in groups with sticks trying to prevent Oromo nationalists from entering the city, and armoured military vehicles were seen on the streets of the capital.

Security forces fired into the air to disperse demonstrators who were approaching a statue of Emperor Menelik II, widely seen as the creator of modern-day Ethiopia.

Oromo nationalists see Menelik as a driving force behind their perceived marginalisation and for pushing them out of Addis Ababa, and Hachalu called last month for the statue to be pulled down.

Ethiopia has battled deadly intercommunal tensions in recent years, a major threat to efforts by Abiy to bring about democratic reforms in a country long ruled with an iron fist from Addis Ababa.

"The assassination of an important Oromo musician, subsequent protests which have in places involved property destruction and security forces using lethal force, and the arrest of Oromo leaders, creates a dangerous situation and is another blow to Ethiopia's troubled transition," said William Davison, an analyst with the International Crisis Group.

===

protest

Oromo people protest worldwide gainst the regime killings in Ethiopia. Here: Demonstrators chant from atop of a car during an Oromo community protest after the death of musician and activist Hachalu Hundessa on July 1, 2020 in St Paul, Minnesota. PHOTO | BRANDON BELL | AFP

===

Ethiopia: Killing of protesters must be investigated

Ethiopia: Killing of protesters must be investigated - Civic Space

Ethiopian military ride on their pick-up truck as they patrol the streets following protests in Addis Ababa June 2nd 2020. Photo by Tiksa Negeri, Reuters.

ARTICLE 19 Eastern Africa strongly condemns the killing of protesters by security forces and the ongoing disruption to Internet services in Ethiopia. According to reports, at least 156 people have killed, a further 167 have been injured and more than 1,000 people have been arrested.* The government’s response to the protests is preventing people from exercising numerous rights, including their rights to online and offline freedom of assembly, access to information and freedom of expression.

“Security forces can only use lethal force when strictly necessary to defend themselves or others against the imminent threat of death or serious injury,” said Mugambi Kiai, Regional Director at ARTICLE 19 Eastern Africa.

“The government must restore the Internet connection to ensure dialogue, debate and public mobilisation for civic action, and the ability of external and internal information flows,” continued Mugambi Kiai.

The ongoing unrest in Addis Ababa, and other cities in the Oromia region was triggered by the death of popular musician and activist, Hachalu Hundessa on 29 June 2020. Hundessa, who will be buried on 2 July 2020, released songs which passionately fought for the political rights of the Oromo ethnic group. Hundessa’s songs became the symbol of the anti-government protests, which led to a regime change in 2018.

According to recent reports by international media and local spokespersons, at least 81 people have died and scores have been injured during the protests. Most people taken to hospital had either been shot, beaten and/or stabbed, which points to the use of excessive force and unlawful killings.

The government must stop its use of lethal force on citizens exercising their right to protest and should immediately constitute an independent investigation into the killings with a view to bringing those responsible to account.

In April 2020, ARTICLE 19 Eastern Africa called on the government to guarantee Internet access given the instrumentality of the free flow of, and access to, timely information and news, especially during the coronavirus pandemic. This was re-affirmed by the three mandate holders in the ‘Joint Declaration on Freedom of Expression and Elections in the Digital Age’ which deplores “restrictions on the ability of the public to access the Internet, including complete or partial shutdowns, which seriously limit the ability of media… and others to communicate with the public, as well as the ability of members of the public to access information.”

The Ethiopian government has signed several international human rights treaties which guarantee online and offline freedom of expression and access to information. Clearly, efforts to suppress the voices of protesters through violence and online censorship must not be allowed to occur with impunity.

*This statement was updated on July 7 to show the increased number of protestors reported killed, injured and arrested.

@article19org

===

NEWS ALERT: AT LEAST 50 PEOPLE KILLED AS PROTESTS OVER ASSASSINATED OROMO ARTIST CONTINUE; POLICE CONFIRM ARREST OF JAWAR MOHAMMED, BEKELE GERBA & 33 OTHERS

 By  - 01. July 2020

It is now confirmed that protesters in Harar city have toppled down the statue of Ras Mekonnen yesterday

July 01/2020 – At least 50 people are reported to have been killed and several others injured in Oromia regional state following protests against the assassination Oromo artist Haacaaluu Hundeessaa, Reuters reported. Causalities “included protesters and members of the security forces,” Reuters said quoting Oromia region police spokesman Getachew Balcha.

Protests have erupted in many parts of the regional state since the assassination. Several government buildings were also set on fire including the office of the Mayor of Adama, Oromia’s largest city, where 10 people are killed and 80 people are injured. “Most had been shot but some had been beaten or stabbed. Eight people died en route to the hospital or in it,” Reuters reported,quoting Dr Mekonnen Feyissa.

Addis Standard also confirmed that yesterday in Harar, the capital of Harari regional state and East Hararghe zone of Oromia, protesters have toppled down an equestrian statue of Ras Makonnen (1852 – 1906), who was the father of Emperor Haile Selassie I, and was the first governor of the city of Harar.

Ambo

In Ambo, several people were injured when police opened fire at protesting youth and other residents of the city this morning after arguments over the burial place of the singer continue. Yesterday, the government airlifted Haccaaluu’s body to Ambo after protests led to a tense confrontations between those who wanted the artist to be buried in Addis Abeba and authorities, who wanted him buried in Ambo.

The late Haacaaluu, 36, lived with his wife and three kids in Addis Abeba. He came to prominent for his 2015 hit song “Maalan Jirra” in which he passionately sang about the systematic erasure of the Oromo, their historical and cultural presences from the city. He has also been a fierce advocate of the 2014-2018 Oromo protest which was ignited after authorities unveiled a master plan for the expansion of Addis Abeba city, which the Oromo opposed as unhinged attempt to remove farmers from their lands. Now, activities say he should be accorded a proper burial in Addis Abeba city. However, speaking on behalf of his family, security forces and Oromia region authorities say the family wanted the burial to take place in Ambo, in west Oromia, where Haacaaluu was born and that he will receive a “hero’s burial.”

The families, including his widow, have not spoken to the media as of yet.

This morning the confrontation over the singer’s burial place continued in Ambo, some 124 km west of Addis Abeba, when thousands of youth and other residents of the city protested in front of the city main police station demanding the return of the body to Addis Abeba for its funeral. The BBC Afaan Oromo reported that several people were wounded when the police opened fire to disperse the crowd.

Arrests

Last night in a joint statement issued by the Federal and Oromia regional state police broadcast through state media the Federal Police Commission Commissioner, Endeshaw Tasew, confirmed that 35 people, including opposition Oromo Federalist Congress (OFC) members Jawar Mohammed and Bekele Gerba are in police custody as of yesterday June 30.

According to Commissioner Endeshaw they were arrested after the killing of one member of Oromia police during a confrontation at Oromo Cultural Center in Addis Abeba. According to the Commissioner the confrontation sparked between security forces and “a group led by Jawar Mohammed” over the burial place of the late prominent Oromo singer/songwriter Haacaaluu Hundeessaa.

Commissioner Endeshaw accused Jawar’s private security detail for the killing of the police officer and said that federal security forces have disarmed Jawar’s private security members and confiscated eight 
Kalashnikov rifles, five pistols and nine communication radios. “no one is above the law”, he said and called for the public to cooperate with law enforcement agents.

Commissioner Endesha also said that there were three blasts in the city of Addis Abeba that left those “who planted the bob and innocents killed.” But he gave no further detail on the specifics. Earlier, the US Embassy in Addis Abeba has released a security alert and said the embassy was “monitoring reports of protests and unrest, including gunfire, throughout Addis Abeba.”

“Police have been deployed around the city in response to reports of violence but the situation is volatile at this time,” the Embassy said.

Ararsa Merdassa, Oromia Police Commission Commissioner, on his part accused “the group led by Jawar” of forcefully returning the body of Haacaaluu to Addis from en route Ambo after it left the St. Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College in Addis Abeba. The body was subsequently placed inside the Property Party office premises, Ararsa said. The confrontation ensued when the group forced its way to take the body, leading to the killing of the police officer.

At the moment there are no corroborating statements from others present at the event. The arrested include Hamza Borana, another member of OFC, and members of Oromia Media Network (OMN). According to the OMN, which is only broadcasting from its Minnesota office via its Facebook, they taken to undisclosed location. Addis Standard’s repeated attempt to find find where they are held at were to no avail as police commissioners and public relations officers refuse to speak to media.

Triple June events

Speaking separately through the national television, Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed said that three major incident that happened in the last three consecutive Junes have threatened to derail his party’s journey to prosperity. He connected the June 24/2018 bomb blast at rally organized to support him soon after he assumed the office; the June 22/2019 assassination of the army chief and a retired general in Addis Abeba as well as the assassination of Amhara region senior officials including its president; and now the June 29/2020 assassination of Haacaaluu.

In a vague reference to an “organized attempt” to impede his reform, the Prime Minister blamed “internal and external enemies” bent on destroying Ethiopia’s journey. Without giving details, PM Abiy accused an organized campaign with a plan to star “a war in June in Addis Abeba and finish it in Addis Abeba.” He said this group considers “the issue of Oromia as concern” and further accused these forces of “dispatching death squads” which the government has been “thwarting.” The Prime Minister also alleges that these groups were not only targeting Haacaaluu but also other prominent Oromo personalities with the aim to “pit the Oromo people with other nations of Ethiopia as well as instigate further violence to derail what we have planned for the country.”

However, in an apparent reference to link “these group” with the events that unfolded during the day, Prime Minister Abiy said that that “similar group” have attempted to disrupt the transfer of Haacaaluu’s body to Ambo and caused the hurt of “several people.”

He did not specifically mention the extent of the casualties other than saying “several people.” He also said the government would step up its measures to ensure the prevalence of the rule of law throughout the country and called on the public to be on the side of the government. “Our enemies think they can easily disintegrate us; however we will use this incident to unify the country and to ensure our plans for peace and security of the country continue. The government will step up its works to realize the peace and stability and sovereignty of the country,” he said.

The government continued its blockade of internet in all of the country and phone networks in most parts, particularly Oromia, making the timely release of information impossible.

In a statement it released this morning, the CPJ condemned the “nationwide internet shutdown in Ethiopia and a police raid on the Oromia Media Network.” and asked for authorities to “immediately end” both. This came after the police have raided OMN studio in Addis Abeba yesterday and forced its reporters out. The station said some of its reporters remained detained.

“Ethiopian authorities’ persistence of old patterns of censorship in response to crises, when the public most needs access to timely news and information, is deeply disappointing,” said CPJ sub-Saharan Africa Representative Muthoki Mumo. “Authorities should immediately end the internet blackout, free the Oromia Media Network journalists detained in the course of their work, and guarantee that members of the press can report on this moment of protest without fear for their safety or of losing their liberty.” AS

===

Deadly protests as Hachalu Hundessa, Ethiopian Oromo singer, activist shot dead

By:RFI 

Screen grab from the video of Hachalu Hundessa's 2015 hit, Maalan Jira

Screen grab from the video of Hachalu Hundessa's 2015 hit, Maalan Jira © Hachalu Hundessa video

Violent demonstrations have broken out in the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa after Hachalu Hundessa, a hugely popular Oromo protest singer was killed by unidentified gunmen, police said on Tuesday.

At least three people killed and several seriously injured in the unrest that followed the announcement of Hundessa death, according to AFP newswire. The internet was shut down, major roads blocked, tyres burned and smoke was seen throughout the capital.

Hundessa was shot late Monday night in the Gelan Condominiums area of Addis Ababa, police told the state-affiliated broadcaster Fana. The singer was rushed to hospital but died later of his wounds.

The 34-year-old was known for political songs in support of the ethnic Oromo group’s fight against repression.

Despite being Ethiopia’s largest ethnic group, the Oromos have long complained of being marginalised, both economically and politically.

Hundessa was a prominent artist during the successful three-year anti-government demonstrations before Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed, an Oromo, came into power.

In his letter of condolence, Abiy said “we lost a loved soul,” and promised to bring the perpetrators to justice. It is not yet known who was responsible for the shooting.

Hundesssa’s ballads such as “Maalan Jira” (“What existence is mine”) and “Jirraa” (“We are here”), he expressed the struggle and frustrations of Oromo protesters but equally their hopes for a brighter future.

His death risks increasing tensions in a nation taking its first steps towards establishing a multiparty democracy.

 

 

As news of his death spread, protests broke out in the capital and other parts of Ethiopia.

Videos and photos on social media show people flocking to the hospital where his body was taken.

 

 

===

Ethiopian singer Hachalu Hundessa shot dead in Addis Ababa

By AlJ - 30 June 2020

Killing of Hachalu Hundessa, a popular singer and ethnic Oromo activist, sparks unrest in Ethiopia's capital city.

Protests have erupted in Ethiopia after the police announced the killing of Hachalu Hundessa, a popular musician and activist, who was shot dead in the capital, Addis Ababa. 

Hachalu was an ethnic Oromo musician known for his protest songs. He was shot in the capital's Gelan Condominiums area late on Monday, Addis Ababa's police commissioner Geta Argaw said.

Argaw said police had arrested several suspects, the state-affiliated Fana broadcaster reported.

On Tuesday morning, angry youthd in Addis Ababa lit fires, blocked roads and chanted slogans as protests also broke out in other parts of Ethiopia. Meanwhile, internet connectivity in the country of almost 110 million people appeared to be down, a common occurrence during political protests.

Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed expressed his condolences, saying Ethiopia had "lost a precious life".

"I express my deep condolences for those of us who are in deep sorrow since the news of the death of the shining young Artist Hachalu Hundesa," Fana reported the prime minister as saying. "We are expecting full investigation reports of this evil act."

"Let us express our condolences by keeping ourselves safe and preventing further crime," Abiy said.

Ethiopians on social media, including the country's ambassador to Washington, expressed their shock at the killing of the popular musician.

Meanwhile, the US embassy said it was "monitoring reports of protest and unrest, including gunfire throughout Addis Ababa".

It also said there was a protest outside the US embassy.

"Police have been deployed around the city in response to reports of violence. The situation is volatile at this time. Please remain in your homes until further notice."

'Icon'

Hachalu, a former political prisoner, rose to prominence during prolonged anti-government protests, which propelled Abiy, a fellow Oromo, into office in 2018. The Oromo ethnic group, which is Ethiopia's largest and has historically faced discrimination, led the mass protests.

Tsedale Lemma, editor-in-chief of the Addis Standard publication, described Hachalu as a "larger-than-life" iconic figure who embodied the struggle of the Oromo people "for equality and justice".

"He leaves behind a legacy of a man [who] is the institution of the consciousness of the Oromo people," she told Al Jazeera.

"When people were out on the street being shot at and being killed, he comforted the Oromo people with his songs of revolution, love and resistance to the system that really oppressed the people and led them to their streets."

Abiy's rise to power two years ago ended decades of political dominance by ethnic Tigray leaders in the multi-ethnic nation.

His rule has ushered in greater political and economic freedoms in what had long been one of the continent's most repressive states. He was awarded the 2019 Nobel Peace Prize for his reforms and his work to end the conflict with neighbouring Eritrea.

But the rise in political activism has also led to an increase in unrest in a country made up of more than 80 ethnic groups. Abiy's rule has been frequently challenged by local powerbrokers demanding more access to land, power and resources. Elections due this year have been postponed until 2021 due to the coronavirus pandemic.

Abiy's pan-Ethiopian politics have sparked a backlash from some elements of his own Oromo powerbase, spearheaded by media magnate Jawar Mohammed.

"They did not just kill Hachalu. They shot at the heart of the Oromo Nation, once again !!...You can kill us, all of us, you can never ever stop us!! NEVER !!" Jawar posted on his Facebook page on Tuesday.

Clashes between police and Jawar's supporters killed at least 78 people in October last year after the government tried to withdraw Jawar's security detail.

===

Murder of singer triggers deadly protests, net blackout in Ethiopia

Hachalu4

Late Hachalu Hundessa

There are differing reports of deaths arising from protests across Ethiopia due to the killing of Hachalu Hundessa, the iconic Oromo artist and activist.

The BBC Africa LIVE page reported two deaths earlier in the day. Privately-owned Addis Standard portal reported that “At least seven people killed in Adama, Chiro as protests engulf Oromia regional state. A Reuters report put the death toll at eight.

At least eight people have been killed and 80 injured in protests in the Ethiopian town of Adam, the Reuters report said citing a doctor. Adama is about 90 km (56 miles) southeast of the capital, Addis Ababa.

Six people died on their way to hospital and two died in intensive care, said Dr Mekonnen Feyissa, the medical director of Adama’s main hospital. The hospital received around 80 injured patients, he said. Most had been shot but some had been hit with rocks or stabbed.

The arrest of prominent Ethiopian pro-democracy activist Jawar Mohammed has been confirmed by multiple sources from the country. His media outfit, Oromia Media Network, OMN, has also been shut down by authorities.

The arrest comes in the wake of mass protests against the shooting and killing on Monday night of a famed Oromo musician and activist in Addis Ababa.

Hachalu Hundessa, was celebrated as a symbol for the Oromo people – Ethiopia’s most populous ethnic group. His songs spoke out about their political and economic marginalisation and became a rallying point for activists in their fight against Ethiopian regimes.

The musician had also been imprisoned for five years when he was 17 for taking part in protests, an analysis on the BBC Africa LIVE page added.

Jawar was reportedly arrested along with Bekele Gerba, a veteran opposition activist. The duo were arrested at the Oromo Cultural Center in Addis Ababa, where they were attending the funeral of Hachalu.

OMN outlets raided, Jawar reacts to death

Media magnate, pro-democracy activist and opposition politician, Jawar Mohammed, reacted to the killing of Haacaalu on Tuesday with a facebook post that said the Oromo nation had been attacked.

“They did not just kill Hachalu. They shot at the heart of the Oromo Nation, once again !!…You can kill us, all of us, you can never ever stop us!! NEVER !! La Aluta Continua,” he wrote.

Meanwhile, his media outfit the Oromia Media Network, OMN, reported on Tuesday that its offices in the capital Addis Ababa had been raided and staff taken away by security agents to an undisclosed location.

The notice posted in Afaan Oromo on their verified Facebook page said the premises had been taken over by state security actors.

Mourners believed to be escorting the body of the deceased to the city Ambo in Oromia were also forced to retreat. Reports say the body is currently back at the Oromo Cultural Center in Addis Ababa.