Oil, climate change, and Patricia Espinosa’s short memory

From left to right: Erna Solberg, Norway’s prime minister; Patricia Espinosa, Executive Secretary of the UNFCCC; and Eldar Sætre, CEO of Equinor at Equinor’s Autumn Conference in Oslo - Norway
By Chris Lang - REDDMonitor - 11. January 2018
 

Patricia Espinosa, Executive Secretary of the UNFCCC, was in Wiemar, Germany this week. In her first speech since COP 24, she said that the UN climate meeting in Katowice reached an “extremely successful outcome”. Of course Espinosa doesn’t mean that the meeting was successful in addressing climate change. She just means that it was successful in continuing the never-ending farce of the UN climate negotiations.

Fossil fuels are not mentioned in the Paris Agreement. Keeping fossil fuels in the ground was not on the agenda in Katowice. As a result, any chance of the talks reaching any meaningful decisions about addressing climate change was close to zero.

Espinosa was invited to Weimar as guest lecturer to speak on the topic, “Diplomacy and Participation: Towards Sustainable Solutions in Climate Policy”.

Sardinella loot for Chinese fish-meal factory in The Gambia

These picture was taken yesterday 10th of February 2019 in Tanji, The Gambia. Mountains of Bonga fish (Sardinella) are waiting next to the road to be transported and processed by the Chinese owned Golden Lead Factory in Gunjur.

Since three years, this is happening on a huge scale while the average Gambian goes to bed hungry every night.

It’s the sad truth of the ‘New Gambia’. The Minister of Fisheries and the fishmeal factories claim they are creating jobs and this should be seen as development.

The hard truth however is that none of these factories are offering a lot of jobs. The working conditions for Gambians are below any standards.

No protective clothing is offered to the Gambian workers while the Chinese employers that are working in the same workfloor are wearing protective clothing.

Fertilizer Runoff is a Boon to Mosquito Growth

A new study shows that fertilizer present in water where mosquitoes such as Anopheles gambiae breed can boost growth of bacteria, algae, and fungi, which mosquito larvae feed on, resulting in accelerated larval development and greater survival rates to adulthood. (Photo credit: James Gathany, CDC Public Health Image Library)

- 10. 

As mosquitoes seek standing water to lay their eggs, many are attracted to water rife with plant matter, which serves as a food source for larvae as they develop. Examples of such locations range from backyard flowerpots to flooded rice paddies. But what happens when humans apply a fertilizer that runs off into the mosquitoes’ breeding sites?

A new study published in December in the Journal of Medical Entomology shows the mosquitoes of at least two species develop both faster and in greater numbers when plant matter and fertilizer are combined in the water where the mosquito larvae grow.

Frédéric Darriet, a researcher at France’s Institute of Research for Development (MIVEGEC), tested the larval growth rate and adult emergence of Aedes aegypti and Anopheles gambiae mosquitoes in laboratory breeding settings containing varying levels of nitrogen, phosphorous, and potassium fertilizer and plant matter. Across the tests, 1.7 to 3 times as many mosquito larvae developed to adulthood in settings with both plant matter and fertilizer compared to those in water with plant matter alone, and the mosquitoes’ development rate was two to four times as fast on the combo, as well.

Indigenous Anti-Pipeline Protest - Image Credit: Toronto Star

- from covering indigenous pipeline protest

“The provincial and federal governments must revoke the permits for this pipeline project until the standards of free, prior and informed consent are met."

By Andrew Emett - NationofChange

While arresting indigenous pipeline protesters in northern British Columbia, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) recently began prohibiting reporters from covering the demonstrations. In response, the Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) released a statement demanding that Canadian law enforcement cease restricting access to reporters covering the pipeline protest.

On Sunday, Grand Chief Stewart Phillip of the Union of B.C. Indian Chiefs issued a statement saying all five Wet’suwet’en clans, including the Gidimt’en, oppose the construction of oil and gas pipelines in their territory.

“The provincial and federal governments must revoke the permits for this project until the standards of free, prior and informed consent are met,” Phillip said in the news release.

‘Officials' worst nightmare’: Yellow Vests trigger bank run with financial protest

 
Yellow Vest protesters are hoping to trigger a bank run with a nationwide coordinated cash withdrawal. By threatening the French financial system, protesters say, they want to peacefully force the government to pass their reforms.

If the banks weaken, the state weakens immediately,” said Yellow Vest “sympathizer” Tahz San on Facebook. “It’s elected officials' worst nightmare.”

Protesters plan to empty their bank accounts on Saturday, withdrawing as much money as possible in a bid to undermine the French banks – if not the euro itself. The plan is to “scare the state legally and without violence,” forcing the government to adopt the movement’s Citizens’ Referendum Initiative, which would allow citizens to propose and vote on new laws.  

China Gains Farming Rights Over Five African Countries

Rwanda, Kenya, Uganda, Sudan and Ethiopia are target countries for outsourcing Chinese farming interests and grabbing land rights in Africa. Kagame - Rwanda (left), with China's foreign minister and Uhuru Kenyatta - Kenya, Museveni - Uganda, with Abiye - Ethiopia - missing in this picture. Others which are already under the Chinese spell are Malawi and Zambia.

While massive Chinese overfishing is already a serious threat to food security in Africa, the Chinese government seduced five African countries to take another huge loan. In trade for that, China will gain its farming rights. All in the name of food security.

To increase food security in Africa a 500 million dollar loan (not a grant) will be given to the African nations. In trade for that, China's EXIM Bank gains all farming rights.

This is another debt trap and this loan, which African countries need to develop, will not benefit the development of countries' own farming sectors or to protect African food security.

Tough anti-corruption conditions of Western lenders have angered and driven African nations into the choking arms of the Chinese.

Cicil society groups in East Africa have now stood up and demand that their "leaders" who take such shark-loans must secure them personally and not using the people's agricultural land - often held by the government only in "trust" - as collateral.

 

Updated: 17. January 2019 - Unist’ot’en: Unceded. Undefeated. FORCE IS NOT CONSENT.

14. January 2019 - also see below : THIS IS NOT OVER (click Read more ...)

Gidimt’en Checkpoint Breached by Armed RCMP and Canadian Military, Communications Cut, Invaders Moving Illegally into Unist’ot’en Territory - WORLD ALERT

N.B.: Meanwhile the Immigration Minister of Canada Ahmed Hussen, an immigrant from Somalia, announced on 11. January 2018 that Canada will take in 1 million new migrants over the next three years. The province of Quebec already resisted against further migrant influx, and the hidden agenda to flood provinces, that have strong First Nations and a large Indigenous population of traditional Native People, with new "Canadians" for political gains appears to be now obvious. Every time Native Nations in North America succeed to resist the ongoing genocide and ecocide, new ways are found to continue the onslaught. Remember what the great Lakota Leader Russel Means stated (click for video testimony) and know that what he testified to the U.S. Senate Special Commitee on Investigations is still the agenda of the Takers all over Turtle Island and especially in Kanata (Iroquoi language), where TPTB of the British Corwn's 'Canada' as the occupiers of Native Kanata lands still insist on "Assimilation Programmes", though officially the Native American Boarding School Horror had to finally be abandoned in 1968 due to international pressure. Strategic Incapacitation of Indigenous Dissent, however, is still rampant - though Premier Trudeau promised otherwise. Broken promises are - with very rare exemptions - the standard approach of people hailing from the colonial states of Europe and are the sad experience and conclusion throughout the history of the genocide against Native Americans.

Heavily armed assault on Unist'ot'en sovereignty - in violation of UNDRIP, Canadian state and provincial laws and most importantly the laws of the Unist'ot'en People

<<BREAKING>>

January 8, 2019, 2:51am UTC (late afternoon on 07th local time): There are confirmed reports that RCMP have breached the checkpoint at Gidumt’en, Wet’suwet’en Access Point on Gidumt’en Territory. The RCMP are armed and moving in. Military also present. Gidumt’en cell service, wifi, and communication has been jammed and cut off by police.

January 8, 2019, at approximately 2:51am UTC: RCMP and military forcefully breached a peaceful checkpoint on unceded Wet’suwet’en territory. Indigenous people were ripped from their homes by militarized police. There were at least 12 confirmed arrests, including an elder, and Wet’suwet’en hereditary chiefs were blocked from their own territories.  Gidumt’en Clan spokesperson Molly Wickham was arrested on her land. She, along with other arrestees, will not be released. They are being brought to Prince George to stand before a Justice of the Peace. 

Arrest-count according to eye witnesses stands at 14 people.

A weekend is not a good time to seek help from the UN, should have been known to #RahafAlQanun

Ms. Rahaf Mohammed Mutlaq al-Qunun

- updated 12. January 2018

vf - 07. January 2019 - The hashtag #SaveRahaf triggered a twitter-storm and subsequently made world headlines

Luckily and thanks to international support the adventure will end well for Ms. Rahaf. However, a second look at the whole story is warranted to see the roles of the different players and their actions more clearly - in order to grasp the full picture of the case, which then might make it also easier for others to escape and to avoid the numerous traps set up by governments and agencies in a globalizing world..

The Escape

Ms. Rahaf Mohammed Mutlaq Alqunun (she and UNHCR write her family name as al-Qunun), an 18 year-old teenager from the town of Hail in northwestern Saudi Arabia, had at first traveled with her family to Kuwait on a holiday trip and therefore had her passport with her.

From KANISTERNSERA, THE MOTHERS, P.O. BOX 2125, KAHNAWAKE [VIA QUEBEC CANADA] J0L IB0

Canada's PM Justin Trudeau has been found out to be just a clever political pretender, who speaks softly while the boots of his colonial toops and corporate greed just march on over the Indigenous People. THIS MUST STOP

REGISTERED MAIL

DATE: Jan. 7, 2019

NOTICE TO CEASE AND DESIST:

THIS CEASE AND DESIST NOTICE IS SERVED ON: Prime Minister Justin Trudeau; David Eby, Attorney General of BC; Michelle Mungall, BC Minister of Energy, Mines & Petroleum Resources; George Heyman, BC Minister of Environment & Climate Change; Scott Fraser, Minister of Indigenous Relations & Reconciliation; Jody Wilson-Raybould, Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada; Royal Canadian Mounted Police, BC [E Division]; Carolyn Bennett, Minister Aboriginal Affairs Canada; Queen Elizabeth; Governor General, Coastal GasLink Pipeline, TransCanada Pipeline; Northern Gateway Pipeline; Fatou Bensouda,chief prosecutor International Criminal Court The Hague. 

She:kon.

What Does the Future Hold for a Growing Mixed-Blood Native Population?

Bloodquantum Register - Image Courtesy of Ryan Young (Ojibwe)

We can’t erase the lasting effects of federal policy, but we can make a conscious choice to redefine our identity as Native People.

Native scholars have asserted that as “American Indian” people, we occupy a liminal status in the United States, neither fully part of the status quo or apart from it, due to our 'tribal' “sovereignty” or government-to-government relationship with the feds. Additionally, as “American Indians” we are held to a system of federal enumeration, often on the basis of blood quantum for membership into a "tribe".  If we meet the respective benchmarks of our "tribe"’s enrollment criteria, we are granted the “esteemed” Certificate of Indian Blood (CIB) or "tribal" enrollment card along with a census number. We are the only segment of the American population that requires proof that we are ethnically who we say we are. 

London, Washington & Paris on brink of collapse

The FUKUS are failing - © Global Look Press / Christoph Meyer/Dpa; © Reuters/Kevin Lamarque; © Reuters/Christian Hartmann

By George Galloway (*) -  6. January 2019

Despite the thrashing around of the NATO disinformation apparat, the imperial heartland has entered 2019 in a state of complete chaos.

Washington, London, and Paris – the three capitals of the Empire – are today effectively ungoverned, shutdown, tottering on the brink of collapse or under siege by their own people.

Their self-chosen Nemeses – Moscow and Beijing – meanwhile toast the New Year in a state of considerable optimism and self-confidence. These are the facts, this is the news.

We should start at the top of the Empire. The United States government has closed down amid stasis and a barrage of inter-governmental howitzers.

The defense secretary, 'Mad Dog' Mattis, has resigned as have other uniformed subalterns angry at the president's re-found determination to withdraw from costly and losing foreign wars. The actual "mad dog" – John Bolton – openly defies President Trump over Syria, Mueller closes in, and the new Democratic majority in the House gears up to "impeach the mother***er."

UN Staff Member says 5G Is War on Humanity

Massive EMR bombardment

The first eight months of WWII with no fighting was called The Phoney War. Using millimetre waves as a fifth-generation or 5G wireless communications technology is a phoney war of another kind.

This phoney war is also silent, but this time shots are being fired – in the form of laser-like beams of electromagnetic radiation (EMR) from banks of thousands of tiny antennas[1] – and almost no one in the firing line knows that they are being silently, seriously and irreparably injured.

In the first instance, 5G is likely to make people electro-hypersensitive (EHS).[2]Perhaps it was sitting in front of two big computer screens for many of the 18 years I worked at the UN that made me EHS. When the UN Office at Vienna installed powerful WiFi and cellphone access points – designed to serve large, public areas – in narrow, metal-walled corridors throughout the Vienna International Centre in December 2015, I was ill continuously for seven months.

Art Exhibition Raises Awareness on Violence Against Native American Women

January is Human Trafficking Awareness Month.

Stolen Daughters

By Alejandra Palacios - WDIO - January 04, 2019

An art exhibit dedicated to Native American women affected by violence and human trafficking took place Friday at the Powless Cultural Center. The art work was created by people in the region impacted by the issue.

AICHO, a local Native American organization, went beyond the statistics and put an emotional and visual image to the women that have been killed or have gone missing due to the violence and trafficking that exists now.

The art exhibit is called Bring Her Home: Stolen Daughters of Turtle Island.

Turtle Island is the name Native Americans use for North America. 

The art exhibit featured a variety of paintings, ceramics, and photographs that showed pain and resilience. Each art display had a story that explained and showed a shocking reality that Native American women face.

Scam continues. Lawsuit against Nestle thrown out by U.S. court on technicalities.

Bottled water from major brands of corporations like Nestle, Dasani and Aquafina has been found to contain enormous amounts of tiny plastic particles that you're drinking.

Do you know what's really inside your water bottle? Probably some tiny plastic bits.

By Hilary Brueck - BI [2018 / updated 04. January 2019]

  • Bottled water has twice the amount of microplastic in it that tap water does, according to a new report.
  • Some plastic bottles have as many as 10,000 of these microplastic parts in a single liter. They're often the same kind of plastic that is used to make the bottle caps.

When you drink from a plastic bottle of fresh H20, you're sipping more than just water.

A new report from Orb Media reveals how major bottled water brands, including Aquafina, Dasani, Nestle and Evian all have tens, hundreds, and in some cases, thousands of microplastic particles floating in their products. These microparticles are typically about the same thickness as a single strand of human hair, and scientists don't know yet what gulping them down might be doing to our bodies.   

It turns out, we're all drinking a bit of microplastic in our water. But plastic bottled water drinkers have it worse. 

In the Orb study, conducted at the Fredonia State University of New York labs, researchers sampled 259 water bottles purchased from 19 different locations in nine countries around the world. 

They confirmed the average 1-liter water bottle has around 10.4 tiny plastic particles inside that we swallow when drinking.

And they think there may be more, smaller plastic particles than that. Using a microscope and fluorescent dye, the researchers found around 315 tiny microparticles, on average, per bottle. They think those are probably little bits of plastic, but they're not quite sure.  

Almost all of the bottles sampled (a full 93%,) had microplastics inside. Some bottles had none, but others had as many as 10,000 microparticles inside a single liter. Many of the microparticles were the exact same kind of plastic that bottle caps are made from, suggesting that flecks of cap are probably spilling into the drinks. 

Bottled water companies were quick to respond to the new study.

Nestle said in a statement that it has tested a range of its bottled water products for the presence of microplastics, and has not found any proof of their existence "beyond a trace level." The company also noted the lack of evidence that microplastics have a harmful effect on human health.

"There are a number of technical challenges involved with detecting intrinsic micro-plastic compounds in water samples. Indeed, testing methodologies must ensure that results are free from environmental context contamination and that they avoid the counting of false-positives related to compounds naturally present in water," Nestle wrote. "We are ready to collaborate with others to further develop the robustness and standardization of testing methods for micro plastics."

Dasani told Business Insider in a statement, "We stand by the safety of our products, and welcome continued study of plastics in our environment. It’s clear the world has a problem with plastic waste and that too much of it ends up in waterways and in the world’s oceans."

Aquafina had a similar statement, insisting that the way the company bottles its water is clean and subject to strict quality controls. The company said that "the science on micro-plastics and microfibers is an emerging field, in its infancy, which requires further scientific analysis."

Representatives from Evian were not immediately available for comment.

Microplastics come out of the tap, too. 

They're like a dust of the modern world, contaminating just about everything from our salt to our seas. But the researchers in this study found that on average, bottled water drinkers are ingesting twice as much microplastic as tap water drinkers. 

Marc Edwards, a civil engineer who was one of the first to sound the alarm about dangerously high levels of lead in the water in Flint, Michigan told Business Insider earlier this year that "it is not possible to achieve zero health risk" with any drinking water. 

Still, the World Health Organization is taking note of the new find. 

WHO Spokesman Tarik Jašarević told Business Insider in an email that the organization is looking for new ways to better assess whether there's any risk involved in drinking microplastics. "Currently there is no evidence on impacts to human health," Jašarević said.

Nestle and Micro-Plastics In the Water You Drink

 

MICROPLASTICS FOUND IN GLOBAL BOTTLED WATER

An Investigative Report By: Chris Tyree and Dan Morrison

FLUORESCING MICROSCOPIC PIECES OF PLASTIC SWIRL IN A BOTTLE OF WATER DURING TESTS AT THE STATE UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK IN FREDONIA. WATCH VIDEO

The mercury sprints past 30 degrees Celsius most days on Brazil’s world-famous Copacabana Beach.

Marcio Silva has walked untold miles here selling bottled water from a cooler to local sun-worshippers and sunburnt tourists alike—half a liter of convenient refreshment and defense against dehydration.

“I drink water because water is life, water is health, water is everything,” says Silva, who is 51. “I drink it and sell it to others.”

“I don’t want to sell something bad to people.”

The water looks clear, clean, unsullied. So does the bottle. For some, it’s a container of convenience. For others, it’s a hedge against dirty or unsafe tap water.

Bottled water is marketed as the very essence of purity. It's the fastest-growing beverage market in the world, valued at US$147 billion1 per year.

But new research by Orb Media, a nonprofit journalism organization based in Washington, D.C., shows that a single bottle can hold dozens or possibly even thousands of microscopic plastic particles.

Tests on more than 250 bottles from 11 brands reveal contamination with plastic including polypropylene, nylon, and polyethylene terephthalate (PET).

When contacted by reporters, two leading brands confirmed their products contained microplastic, but they said Orb's study significantly overstates the amount.

For plastic particles in the 100 micron, or 0.10 millimeter size range, tests conducted for Orb at the State University of New York revealed a global average of 10.4 plastic particles per liter. These particles were confirmed as plastic using an industry standard infrared microscope.

The tests also showed a much greater number of even smaller particles that researchers said are also likely plastic. The global average for these particles was 314.6 per liter.

“It's disheartening, I mean, it's sad,” said Peggy Apter, a real estate investor in Carmel, Indiana. “I mean, what's the world come to? Why can't we have just clean, pure water?”

Some of the bottles we tested contained so many particles that we asked a former astrophysicist to use his experience counting stars in the heavens to help us tally these fluorescing constellations.

Sizes ranged from the width of a human hair down to the size of a red blood cell. Some bottles had thousands. A few effectively had no plastic at all.

One bottle had a concentration of more than 10,000 particles per liter.

Bottled water evokes safety and convenience in a world full of real and perceived threats to personal and public health.

Packaged drinking water is a lifeline for many of the 2.1 billion people worldwide who lack access to safe tap water.2 The danger is clear: Some 4,000 children die every day from water-borne diseases, according to the World Health Organization.3

Humans need approximately two liters of fluids a day to stay hydrated and healthy—even more in hot and arid regions.

Orb’s findings suggest that a person who drinks a liter of bottled water a day might be consuming tens of thousands of microplastic particles each year.

TweetHow this might affect your health, and that of your family, is still something of a mystery.

FINDINGS

BOTTLES OF WATER FROM THE SAME BRAND CONTAINED A WIDE RANGE OF PLASTIC CONTAMINATION, WITH PARTICLES AS SMALL AS 6.5 MICRONS. THIS VARIABILITY IS “SIMILAR TO WHAT IS SEEN WHEN WE SAMPLE OPEN BODIES OF WATER” FOR MICROPLASTIC POLLUTION, PROFESSOR MASON SAYS.

TESTING THE WATERS

Bottled water manufacturers emphasized their products met all government requirements.

Gerolsteiner, a German bottler, said its tests "have come up with a significantly lower quantity of microparticles per liter," than found in Orb's study.

Nestle tested six bottles from three locations after an inquiry from Orb Media. Those tests, said Nestle Head of Quality Frederic de Bruyne, showed between zero and five plastic particles per liter.

None of the other bottlers agreed to make public results of their tests for plastic contamination.

"We stand by the safety of our bottled water products," the American Beverage Association said in a statement.

Anca Paduraru, a food safety spokeswoman for the European Commission, said that while microplastic is not directly regulated in bottled water, "legislation makes clear there must be no contaminants." The U.S. doesn't have specific rules for microplastic in food and beverages.

Our test of top bottled water brands from countries in Asia, Europe, Africa, and the Americas was conducted at Professor Sherri Mason’s lab at the State University of New York in Fredonia, near the Canadian border on the frigid banks of Lake Erie.

Mason’s tests were able to record microplastic particles as small as 6.5 microns, or 0.0065 millimeters.

The invisible plastic in bottled water hides in plain sight.

To reveal it, Mason and her colleagues used a special dye, an infrared laser and a blue light like those used by crime-scene investigators.

Under a laminar airflow hood that sucks dust and airborne particles up and away, each bottle was infused with a dye called Nile Red that binds to plastic polymer. The dyed water was then poured through a glass fiber filter.

When viewed through a microscope, under the blue beam of the crime light, with the aid of orange goggles, the residue from each bottle glowed with the flame-colored fluorescence of sometimes thousands of particles.

“This is pretty substantial,” said Andrew Mayes, senior lecturer in chemistry at the University of East Anglia, and developer of the Nile Red method. “I've looked in some detail at the finer points of the way the work was done, and I'm satisfied that it has been applied carefully and appropriately, in a way that I would have done it in my lab.” The study has not been peer reviewed.

Particles over approximately 100 microns were confirmed to be plastic by both Nile Red and Fourier-Transform Infrared Spectrometry (FTIR). Because particles between 6.5 and 100 microns were not analyzed by FTIR, Mason left open the possibility that their number could include other, unknown, contaminants in addition to plastic, though rationally expected to be plastic. As with all science, future methods may allow for even more accurate identification of the tiny particles.

Click here for a detailed look at how the study was conducted and read the official lab report.

 

Fluorescing particles that were too small to be analyzed by FTIR should be called "probable microplastic," said Andrew Mayes, senior lecturer in chemistry at the University of East Anglia, because "some of it might be another, unknown, substance to which Nile Red stain is adhering." Mayes developed the Nile Red method for identifying microplastic.

De Bruyne, of Nestle, noted that Mason's tests did not include a step in which biological substances are removed from the sample. Therefore, he said, some of the fluorescing particles could be false positives - natural material that the Nile Red had also stained. He didn't specify what that material would be.

Mason noted that the so-called "digestion step" is used on debris-filled samples from the ocean or the seashore, and wasn't needed for bottled water. "Certainly they are not suggesting that pure, filtered, pristine water is likely to have wood, algae, or chitin [prawn shells] in it?" she said.

Some researchers say consuming microplastics in food and water might not be a serious issue.

“Based on what we know so far about the toxicity of microplastics—and our knowledge is very limited on that—I would say that there is little health concern, as far as we know,” says Martin Wagner, a toxicologist at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology. “I mean, that's quite logical because I believe that our body is very well-adapted in dealing with those non-digestible particles.”

Wagner says, Orb’s bottled water findings are “a very illuminative example of how intimate our contact with plastic is.”

“Plastic doesn’t need to travel through the oceans and into fish for you to consume it,” he says. “You get it right from the supermarket.”

The 2016 evaluation by the European Union estimated that for microplastics consumed with shellfish, “only the smallest fraction may penetrate deeply into organs,”4 and that our exposure to toxins through this contact is low.

But according to Jane Muncke, managing director and chief scientist at the Food Packaging Forum, a Zurich-based research organization, those estimates are largely based on scientific models, and not laboratory studies.

“What does it mean if we have this large amount of microplastic bits in food?” Muncke says. “Is there some kind of interaction in the gastrointestinal tract with these microparticles... which then could potentially lead to chemicals being taken up, getting into the human body?”

“We don't have actual experimental data to confirm that assumption,” Muncke says. “We don't know all the chemicals in plastics, even... There's so many unknowns here. That, combined with the highly likely population-wide exposure to this stuff—that's probably the biggest story here. I think it's something to be concerned about.”

MICROPLASTICS ARE NOW FOUND IN ALL WATER SOURCES

So what's best, bottled or tap?

Orb's 2017 tap water study and our current bottled water research used different methods to identify microplastic within globally sourced samples.

Still, there is room to compare their results.

For microplastic debris around 100 microns in size, about the diameter of a human hair, bottled water samples contained nearly twice as many pieces of microplastic per liter (10.4) than the tap water samples (4.45).

Can the world’s consumers stomach drinking microplastic?

“Please name one human being on the entire planet who wants plastic in his or her bottle,” said Erik Solheim, executive director of the United Nations Environment Program. “They will all hate it.”

“It’s the government's responsibility to educate people to know what they're drinking and eating,” Apter said, “and how we can prevent this from continuing.”

The tiny bits of plastic swirling around in bottled water are a researcher’s quarry and a kitchen-table quandary.

TweetPeople “have a right to accurate and relevant information about the quality and safety of any product they consume,” said Lisa Lefferts, senior scientist at the Center for Science in the Public Interest, a U.S.-based advocacy organization. “Since consumers are paying a premium for bottled water, the onus is on the bottled water companies to show their product is worth the extra cost.”

ENJOY READING THE FULL ORB MULTIMEDIA REPORT ONLINE

Authors:

Chris Tyree, Journalist, Email - 

Dan Morrison, Journalist, Email - 

 

UPDATES

Nestle's Bottled Water Filled With Microplastics, Lawsuit Claims 

By Molly Zilli, Esq. -  April 17, 2018

When it comes to healthy living, weight loss, getting in shape, and the like, we're constantly being told to drink more water. But what if even your water isn't good for you?

A class action lawsuit filed against Nestle claims that the company engaged in deceptive marketing because their bottled water, Pure Life, is not so pure and contains microplastics, according to a recent study.

Study: Nestle the Brand with Highest Contamination

The bottled water study was conducted by State University of New York and Orb Media, a nonprofit journalism organization. They tested more than 250 bottles of water from 11 brands and found that 93 percent showed some level of microplastic contamination, with Nestle's being the highest.

However, Nestle's own tests showed a much lower number. Additionally, Orb's study cited a 2016 report on plastic in seafood by the European Food Safety Authority which found that up to 90 percent of microplastic particles consumed by a person can travel through the gut without a trace.

Nestle Accused of Negligently, Recklessly Concealing Truth

According to the complaint, the lead plaintiff, Cindy Baker and her family purchased and drank Nestle Pure Life water on multiple occasions within the last year. The lawsuit says Nestle "intentionally, negligently and recklessly concealed and omitted the truth" about the quality and purity of their bottled water.

Specifically, they contend that Nestle engaged in deceptive marketing which misled consumers about the water's geographic origins and health benefits. Nestle is standing by the integrity of their brand and is prepared to defend themselves "vigorously." According to the Orb study, the bottled water industry is the fastest-growing beverage market worldwide, valued at $147 billion per year.

Lawsuit Demands Nestle Stop Sales and Pay Restitution

Because of the microplastics contamination, the lawsuit demands that the company stop production and sales of their Nestle Pure Life Purified drinking water and "pay full restitution to all affected California consumers." In total, Baker is seeking certification of the class action, damages, restitution, and disgorgement.

Not all illnesses and injuries caused by things we consume are the fault of food and beverage manufacturers. However, some are. If you think you were harmed by a company's product, speak with an attorney to assess the strength of your case.

 

Lawsuit Over Microplastics in Nestle Water Thrown Out

By  - 04. 

LOS ANGELES (CN) – A lawsuit claiming food and beverage giant Nestle misled consumers about its water quality by allowing high levels of microplastics in its products was dismissed by a federal judge.

Los Angeles resident Cindy Baker claimed in her April 12, 2018, federal class action lawsuit that the Switzerland-based company intentionally and recklessly concealed facts about the quality and purity of its Pure Life purified water.

Nestle’s deceptive marketing misrepresented the geographic origins and quality of its water and added that consumers were made to believe that Nestle’s water offered them health benefits, the complaint said.

Baker also said Nestle broke a number of state and federal laws and sought an injunction barring the company from selling and advertising Pure Life water.

Nestle sought dismissal of the suit, saying in court papers that Baker’s complaint failed to allege sufficient facts, that her state law claims were preempted and the suit should be tossed under the primary jurisdiction doctrine, which applies when a claim should first be heard by an administrative body.

U.S. District Judge Virginia Phillips said in a 7-page order Thursday that her concerns about water quality and microplastics in Nestle water should be addressed by the Food and Drug Administration, not by the courts.

“Congress has placed the issues raised in Plaintiff’s complaint—the labeling of bottled water as pure or purified—squarely within the jurisdiction of the FDA and depend on the FDA’s expertise,” the order said.

Phillips also wrote that Baker’s state law violation claims are expressly preempted by Section 403A of the Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, which says no state can create a food safety standard that is not identical to federal requirements.

As part of the order, Phillips granted Baker leave to amend the complaint but cautioned that any amendments should not be frivolous or contain the same deficiencies as the first complaint.

Baker’s attorney Christopher Hamner said in a statement that an amended complaint will be filed.

A Nestle Waters North America spokesperson said in a statement that the company is pleased with the court’s ruling.

A study by State University of New York and Orb Media released in March found more than 90 percent of several top brands of bottled water are contaminated with tiny pieces of plastic known as microplastics.

The study examined 11 top bottled water brands from Asia, Europe, Africa and North America, and found 93 percent showed some level of microplastics contamination. Nestle bottles contained 10,000 pieces of microplastics per liter, the highest level of any brand examined according to the researchers.

Some of the microplastics the researchers found in Nestle’s water included polypropylene, nylon and polythylene terephthalate.

Nestle conducted its own testing and found “between zero and five plastic particles per liter,” according to Nestle’s head of quality Frederic de Bruyne. They were the only company from the study to publish results of its independent studies, according to Orb Media.

 

 

Russia’s Clear GMO Labeling Rules Reach the Shelves across EAEU

The wise world resists against GMO food
By Sustainable Pulse - Jan 3, 2019
 

The Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU), including the countries of Russia, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Armenia and Belarus, has introduced clear GMO labeling on all food and supplement products containing genetically modified organisms, starting from last week.

Russia’s Federal Service for Supervision of Consumer Protection and Welfare (Rospotrebnadzor) announced in 2016 that it was inviting all EAEU countries to apply a “GMO” label on the packaging of food products that contain genetically modified organisms.

The Rospotrebnadzor and the EAEU confirmed the proposed amendments to the technical regulations on the labeling of food products in the EAEU, despite objections from some European Union food manufacturers, who claimed that the new GMO label will cause problems for international trade.

But beware: Some GMO foods will soon be falsely labeled as "biofortified". Remember that!

According to the new EAEU regulations the basic size of the GMO label must not be less than 5 mm. The technical regulations also require that the GMO label be applied in a manner that provides easy readability and visibility throughout the shelf life of food and supplement products.

World Food Program, Bribed By Saudis, Threatens Yemenis With More Famine

The divide in Yemen

By moonofalabama.org - 01. January 2018

The United Nation's World Food Program (WFP, a group of FAO) is supposed to relief populations in urgent need of food supplies. It is not supposed to be a partisan organization. But in the war on Yemen it has now taken one side of the conflict and is threatening the other side with starvation.

The slow famine in Yemen continues unabated. Not only the people in north Yemen, under control of the Houthi and besieged by the Saudi coalition, are starving. Those living in the government controlled areas in the south have similar problems. There are many conflicting parties which makes aid distribution difficult. There is food in the markets but the people have no money to pay for it.

Many poor local men, even children, get recruited to fight on either side. The coalition of Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and the United States have few of their own soldiers on the ground. The hire others to wage their war.

The U.S. is essentially running the Saudi air war against Yemen:

When a Saudi F-15 warplane takes off from King Khalid air base in southern Saudi Arabia for a bombing run over Yemen, it is not just the plane and the bombs that are American.

American mechanics service the jet and carry out repairs on the ground. American technicians upgrade the targeting software and other classified technology, which Saudis are not allowed to touch. The pilot has likely been trained by the United States Air Force.

And at a flight operations room in the capital, Riyadh, Saudi commanders sit near American military officials who provide intelligence and tactical advice, ...

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