This rebellion is by no means over: the past week has seen continued actions in Austria, TheNetherlands, Hong Kong, Berlin, Sydney… as ever, more than we can count!
But for many of those reading, this week was the beginning of some well-earned rest, and the start of a reflection process.
In this first of several retrospective issues, we begin to look back together on the October Rebellion. We bring you exclusive accounts that could only be articulated once the heat of action had cooled a little.
Undeniably, this Rebellion has seen XR step up across the world – in terms of numbers, intensity, creativity, visibility, and more. We saw a leap in the profile of those declaring their support for the movement, with royalty, actors, journalists, and politicians using their platforms to support XR, and some even facing arrest.
Orwell & Huxley were BOTH right, says Roger Waters
By RT - 26. October 2019
With the mainstream media largely content to ignore the plight of Julian Assange, did George Orwell or Aldous Huxley better predict the world of today? Both did, former Pink Floyd frontman Roger Waters told RT.
“Orwell and Huxley were always arguing about who had the closest view of what dystopia might look like in the future,” said Waters, adding “I think we got a lot of both.”
“We have the ‘Big Brother’ Orwellian dystopian nightmare, it happened two days ago in that magistrate’s court,” he explained, referring to a UK judge’s decision on Monday to deny the WikiLeaks founder a delay in US extradition proceedings. Assange’s lawyers have argued that they need more time to prepare a defense, and some of Assange’s supporters have made the case that British law forbids extradition in the first place, if the charges can be seen as political.
Lebanon protests: All the latest updates - Hariri to resign
Embattled Prime Minister Saad Hariri addresses nation as Hezbollah supporters ransack main protest in Beirut.
By AJ - 29. October 2019
Lebanon has been rocked by nearly two weeks of mass protests against the country's ruling elite.
Angry at what they describe as years of official corruption and economic mismanagement, the protesters have been demanding the government's resignation, holding rallies in public squares and promoting a civil disobedience campaign that includes blocking main thoroughfares.
As scuffles broke out in the capital, Beirut, embattled Prime Minister Saad Hariri was due to address the nation on Tuesday.
40 Killed, 1,000 Wounded In One Day As Violent Protests Sweep Across Iraq
A surge in violent clashes with police marked another deadly week of protests in Iraq, after two weeks ago over 150 were killed and over 6,000 wounded nationwide when the large-scale demonstrations began.
On Friday over 40 protesters were killed in clashes with police, and according to security sources cited in Reuters, an "Iranian-backed militia opened fire to try to quell renewed demonstrations."
Iraq's human rights commission (IHCHR) further noted that nearly 1,000 people were wounded in Friday's clashes, the majority of them protesters angry at widespread corruption, economic hardship, and failing public services.
U.S. Is Looting Syrian Oil Fields To Fund Mercenaries And Intelligence Operations
On October 26, the Russian Defense Ministry released an official statement on the situation with Syrian oil fields on the eastern bank of the Euphrates (source):
Russian Defence Ministry comments on the statement of the head of the Pentagon on the retention of the US military personnel group in Eastern Syria, allegedly “to prevent Islamic State access to oil fields”
A statement by the head of the Pentagon, M. Esper, about a certain need to retain a group of American troops in Eastern Syria “to protect the oil fields” from “Islamic State terrorists” should not be bewildering.
Absolutely all hydrocarbon accumulations and other mineral resources located on the territory of the Syrian Arab Republic do not belong to the IS terrorists, and definitely not to the “American defenders from IS terrorists”, but exclusively to the Syrian Arab Republic.
Pillaging the World. The History and Politics of the IMF
By Ernst Wolff - GR - 02. January 2016 / rev. 26. October 2019
No other financial organization has affected the lives of the majority of the world’s population more profoundly over the past fifty years than the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Since its inception after World War II, it has expanded its sphere of influence to the remotest corners of the earth. Its membership currently includes 188 countries on five continents.
For decades, the IMF has been active mainly in Africa, Asia and South America. There is hardly a country on these continents where its policies have not been carried out in close cooperation with the respective national governments. When the global financial crisis broke out in 2007, the IMF turned its attention to northern Europe. Since the onset of the Euro crisis in 2009, its primary focus has shifted to southern Europe.
Officially, the IMF’s main task consists in stabilizing the global financial system and helping out troubled countries in times of crisis. In reality, its operations are more reminiscent of warring armies. Wherever it intervenes, it undermines the sovereignty of states by forcing them to implement measures that are rejected by the majority of the population, thus leaving behind a broad trail of economic and social devastation.
In a commentary accompanying our map, we argue that for too long, efforts to conserve nature globally have acted as if this entire planet is equally influenced by the human world. Yet different landscapes differ profoundly in how they are used and influenced by people, demanding different strategies to conserve biodiversity. Our map aims to clarify these conditions to enable people to work together to conserve biodiversity more fairly and equitably.
Biodiversity is our natural heritage
The extraordinary richness of life we’ve inherited is an irreplaceable treasure that makes the world an immeasurably better place for people. Biodiversity underpins many of the ecological functions that sustain us, from healthy soils to a stable climate, and provides a wide variety of benefits to human health – mental and physical.
But for any bold conservation agenda to succeed, an unprecedented level of international commitment will be needed. Perhaps the greatest obstacle is the many profound differences in social, economic and natural conditions that persist around the world. Some nations remain rich in unprotected biodiversity and wild habitats but are much less developed economically. Some are the opposite.
So how can such different nations and regions join together to make shared commitments and investments to save nature across this entire planet?
Let’s start with the parts of the world where most of us live and most of our food comes from – the cities and farmlands that take up 18% of Earth’s land surface. These are not just full of people, crops and livestock, but also include some of the densest concentrations of vertebrate diversity on Earth, including many imperiled species of mammals and birds.
In these parts of the world, there needs to be widespread adoption of wildlife-friendly farming practices. Remnant and recovering habitats must be conserved within farmlands and agrichemical production reduced, even while increasing agricultural production. And even in the densest of cities, interconnecting small areas of protected habitat, such as parks and nature reserve networks, can successfully sustain some populations of highly endangered species. In the Indian city of Mumbai, for example, a national park conserves leopards.
Perhaps the greatest conservation opportunities of all may reside within the most common condition of Earth’s land today – shared landscapes. Though parts of these working landscapes are still used intensively for agriculture and settlements, most of their area is composed of remnant and recovering habitats and areas lightly used for extensive grazing and forestry.
Conservation in shared lands can include regional protected area networks, such as the Yellowstone to Yukon Conservation Initiative, community conservation reserves, and conservation-friendly farms and cities that prioritize the needs of local people. For example, the Lewa community conservancy in Kenya, which protects habitat for endangered black rhinos, includes programs to assist local farmers to maximize their production while minimizing any negative impacts to protected habitats.
Distant wildlands are critical habitat for so many species, but effective conservation also depends on efforts in our own neighborhoods and the regions where our food comes from.
Think of nature when making new friends, caring for family, shopping, working, casting your vote, or donating your time or money to make the world a better place. The challenges ahead are not small, but working together across our farms and cities, shared landscapes, and large wild areas, we can make the nature of our planet whole and healthy again.
Contributors to the creation of the Three Conditions map include Harvey Locke of the International Union for Conservation of Nature World Commission on Protected Areas, Oscar Venter of University of Northern British Columbia, Richard Schuster of Carleton University, Keping Ma of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xiaoli Shen of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Stephen Woodley, IUCN World Commission on Protected Areas, Naomi Kingston and Nina Bhola of the UN Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre, Bernardo B. N. Strassburg of the Pontifícia Universidade Católica and International Institute for Sustainability in Brazil, Axel Paulsch of the Institute for Biodiversity in Regensburg, Germany and Brooke Williams, University of Queensland.
Erle C. Ellis - Professor of Geography and Environmental Systems, University of Maryland, Baltimore County
Erle C. Ellis is a fellow of the Global Land Program, a member of the Anthropocene Working Group of the International Commission on Stratigraphy, a senior fellow of the Breakthrough Institute, and an advisor to the Nature Needs Half movement. He is a member of the American Association of Geographers and the Ecological Society of America.
James Watson receives funding from the Australian Research Council and Australia's National Environmental Science Program. He is also the Director of Science at the Wildlife Conservation Society, a National Geographic Society Fellow and a Research Fellow at UNEP-WCMC.
The Conversation is funded by the National Research Foundation, eight universities, including the Cape Peninsula University of Technology, Rhodes University, Stellenbosch University and the Universities of Cape Town, Johannesburg, Kwa-Zulu Natal, Pretoria, and South Africa. It is hosted by the Universities of the Witwatersrand and Western Cape, the African Population and Health Research Centre and the Nigerian Academy of Science. The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation is a Strategic Partner. more
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Three Global Conditions for Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Use: an implementation framework
To save what’s left of nature on this increasingly human planet, conservation needs to become a top priority around the world, from the wildest of wildlands to the densest of cities.
Find your country or region map in the left dropdown menus (available in png, pdf, and ppt formats). The national boundaries on the interactive and downloadable maps are for general reference and do not reflect a position on any territorial disagreements.
Harvey Locke, Erle C. Ellis, Oscar Venter, Richard Schuster, Keping Ma, Xiaoli Shen, Stephen Woodley, Naomi Kingston, Nina Bhola, Bernardo B. N. Strassburg, Axel Paulsch, Brooke Williams, James E. M. Watson. Three Global Conditions for Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Use: an implementation framework . National Science Review 2019 6(6). DOI:10.1093/nsr/nwz136.
تقوم فرقة العمل المختصة بأهداف أيشي التابعة للجنة الدولية للمناطق المحمية للاتحاد الدولي لحماية الطبيعة بمجموعة من المشاورات حول أهداف حماية الطبيعة اللازمة لتحقيق حماية التنوع الحيوي ووقف تدهور عناصره.
وقد طلبت الدول خلال الإجتماع الرابع عشر من مؤتمر الأطراف لاتفاقية التنوع الحيوي في شرم الشيخ المساعدة في وضع الخطوط المرجعية والأطر اللازمة التي ستدعم الأهداف الطموحة والقابلة للقياس للخطة الاستراتيجية لما بعد 2020.
استجابة لذلك، قمنا بتطوير إطار تنفيذ الشروط الثلاثة العالمية لحفظ التنوع الحيوي والاستخدام المستدام حيث قمنا بدمج تقييمات تتمحور حول الطبيعة (ما تبقى من الطبيعة) وأخرى تتمحور حول الإنسان (استخدام الإنسان للأرض) فيما يتعلق بالمحركات والضغوط على التنوع الحيوي مما ساهم في تحديد ثلاثة حالات تنطبق في جميع أنحاء العالم وهي: المزارع والمدن والمناظر الطبيعية المشتركة، والمناطق البرية الكبيرة.
وفقًا لكل حالة، تم اقتراح مجموعة من خطط الاستجابة لحماية الطبيعة وعدد من الممارسات المرتبطة بالإنتاج والتي تؤدي إلى تحسين حالة التنوع الحيوي وتأمين مساهمات الطبيعة للناس مع السماح بأهداف عالمية طموحة. سيحقق هذا النهج نطاق واسع ويمكن تطبيقه بنزاهة من خلال ضمان معالجة كل دولة لحالة التنوع الحيوي فيها باستخدام إجراءات مماثلة لظروف مماثلة في جميع أنحاء العالم، كما أنه سيوفر مرجعية تسمح للدول بالنظر في دورها العالمي استنادًا إلى المسؤوليات المشتركة والمتباينة فيما يتعلق بصحة نظامنا البيئي العالمي وفقًا لمبدأ ريو رقم 7.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
“I opened my eyes. Glimmers of early morning sun peeking through the curtains. I looked around the cabin. This was the big day, 21st of June 2030. So wonderful that the team had organized for me to stay right here, just next to the festival area. I opened the door and looked across the trees onto the beautiful fjord. Celebrating ten years since the great transition, ten years since humanity managed to create this new sustainable society. New energy no longer new, ecological farming the norm, animals plenty as they are protected by human rights. Gross Happiness Index rather than GDP. I thought about Greta, that determined Swedish girl on a mission. Oh, I have to get going, the conference organisers are waiting for me!”
UPDATE: 02.11.2019: Death toll stands at 86 persons killed.
UPDATE 26. 10. 2019: The death toll is probably even higher than stated by the NYT, though the Abiye government only admitted 27 deaths to the BBC. Eyewitness accounts we received state that e.g. alone in the Oromo town of Ambo 13 protesters were killed and 84 seriously injured by gun-shot wounds inflicted by the rogue EPDF soldiers deployed under PM Abiye Ahmed's command.
N.B.: Oromiya [or Oromia] is the undisputed nation of the over 40 million Oromo people within the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia and Oromiya as nation-state is even recognized by the Ethiopian constitution. But neither the UN nor e.g. the USA follow their own criteria in the recognition of these facts, while the biggest problem of the Oromo has been since many, many decades and still is that they are easily pitched against each other, which has been and is used by past and present governmental overlords to rule over them - ranging from the days of Emperor Menelik II or Emperor Haile Selassie or those of the Derg, Mengistu Haile Mariam or Meles Zenawi to Hailemariam Desalegn Boshe and today's Abiyyii Ahimad Alii's U.S.-soft-coup installed governance. Unfortunately also the different religious entities ranging from Orthodox and Muslim to Catholic and Protestant play a role and create differences and misunderstandings - likewise then abused by anti-Oromo forces. The classic Divide et Impera (Divide and Rule) has been and is applied throughout to keep the Oromo, which is one of Africa's lagest nations, completely oppressed, while their natural resources like gold, water, oil and gaz are exploited by outsiders in contracts with the easily corrupted federal governance. Of recent, especially the USA is interested to keep their hands on the uranium deposits in Oromia, while trying to push the Chinese out, who built numerous infrastucture projects in Ethiopia - incl. the troubled electrified railway to Djibouti - and hold oil concessions.
67 Killed in Ethiopia Unrest, but Nobel-Winning Prime Minister Is Quiet
Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed, this year’s winner of the Nobel Peace Prize, was in Russia when the protests broke out and has yet to publicly comment on the violence.
By Simon Marks - NYT - 25.
ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia —Weeks after receiving the Nobel Peace Prize, Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed is coming under harsh criticism over his silence in the face of protests this week that police said had resulted in the deaths of 67 people.
The protests were spurred by a prominent critic of the prime minister who had accused the police of plotting an attack on him. The critic, Jawar Mohammed, is the founder of an independent media network, and claimed that there was a plan to arrest or possibly kill him at his house in the capital, Addis Ababa. [N.B.: The original name of this city is Finfinne.]
The Brazilian, Bolivian, Peruvian and Venezuela Amazon have been burning to unprecedented levels, prompting what scientists have been arguing to be an irreversible tipping point . As the largest tropical rainforest still standing, the deforestation of the Amazon represents a huge loss not only to the indigenous populations of all nine countries that share the Amazon basin, but the whole global community.
The Amazon absorbs between 90–140 billion tons of carbon , that would otherwise contribute to the climate crisis; it has 15% of the world’s fresh water, responsible for most of the rainfall necessary to the agricultural frontier in the neighbouring countries; it also has 10% of the world’s biodiversity, representing an enormous medicine potential, including the anti-cancer and anti-malaria drugs .
The Bonobo is a relative of the chimpanzee, and is found only in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) south of the Congo River. They are endangered, with habitat loss and the bushmeat trade their primary threats. The Sankuru Nature Reserve is the DRC’s largest nature reserve that is focused on bonobo conservation. However, deforestation rates have only increased in Sankuru since it was created in 2007. Meanwhile nearby Lomami National Park is experiencing almost no deforestation.
Researchers attribute the disparity in deforestation rates between Sankuru Nature Reserve and Lomami National Park to the lack of human settlements and clearer managerial strategy in the latter. They claim that Sankuru lacked buy-in from the local communities, and that conflicting land claims made conservation efforts more difficult to achieve.
However, there may be a dark side to Lomami’s success. Sources claim that the military, which is tasked with protecting DRC’s national parks, have engaged in torture of people suspected of poaching. There are also reports that a community within Lomami was displaced without proper consultation or a suitable alternative location.
Researchers say that to ensure effective engagement, indigenous forest-dwelling communities should be granted proper security of tenure over their lands, and community-managed forests should be set up and funded around the perimeter of the park.
A cup of Kopi Luwak — the world’s most expensive coffee — can sell for as much as $80 in the United States. If that doesn’t wake you up like your favorite high-octane cuppa, this fact just might: Kopi Luwak is also also known as cat poop coffee. But don’t quit your day job and start adding coffee beans to your house cat’s kibble. The coffee comes from beans that are partially digested and then pooped out by the Asian Palm Civet. The digestive enzyme inside the civet’s gastrointestinal tract change the structure of protein in the coffee beans, which lowers the acidity and makes a, shall we say, smoother cup of coffee.
Kopi Luwak’s origins are innocent enough; people foraged for the cat’s droppings in the wild, leaving the civets unharmed and left alone to venture in the forests. But an increasing demand for this “luxury” coffee is now harming thousands of innocent civets.
British Columbia will conduct a sweeping review of provincial laws to protect human rights for Indigenous people, seeking reconciliation by providing greater influence to First Nations over lawmaking – including resource development.
The province introduced legislation on Thursday to ensure all provincial laws and policies align with internationally recognized human rights of Indigenous people, the start of a process that is expected to take decades. The proposed law, Bill 41, was drafted in consultation with Indigenous leaders, and was hailed as a landmark for reconciliation inCanada.
Bill 41 commits the province to implement the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, which states that resource developments require the “free, prior and informed consent” of affected Indigenous peoples. The bill would not grant First Nations veto power over resource development, but does promise redress and restitution when consent is not granted.
First Nations leaders and other dignitaries packed the Legislature on Thursday to witness the introduction.
British banks and firms laundered $ 400 billion in 30 years, Transparency
By CR - 24. October 2019
The British branch of Transparency International released the results of a large-scale analysis, incorporating more than 400 cases of corruption and money laundering over the past 30 years.
Crimes involving British companies, including banks, law firms and accounting offices, were recorded in 116 countries around the world.
According to the authors of the investigation, more than £ 300 billion ($ 412 billion) went through them. Transparency International presented the results of the study in the report called At your service.
Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi and Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed are set to meet at the Russia-Africa summit in Sochi today in an effort to ease tensions over the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD).
Ethiopia is building the dam on the main tributary of the Nile, and Egypt fears that the project will imperil its water supply.
Experts from those two nations and Sudan, the third country directly involved, had neared a technical consensus last year on how fast Ethiopia would fill the dam’s reservoir.
But the past few months have seen Addis Ababa and Cairo move further apart amid feisty exchanges of rhetoric. Experts made little progress at their latest meeting this month in Khartoum.
There are still reasons to think a deal can be struck.