No one leaves home unless home is the mouth of a shark, says poet and activist Warsan Shire in her book Teaching My Mother How To Give Birth.
To Oromos and Ogadenis, home "Ethiopia" has become a shark's mouth that has swallowed their freedom, justice, dignity and lives.
To escape the violence, jail or at worst death, many have opted to flee, to seek refuge across the region.
However, for those fleeing to Kenya or other neighbouring countries for asylum, severe dangers keep stalking them miles away from their persecutor.
This is thanks to the indifference of the United Nation Commission on Human Rights (UNHCR) and the government's Refugee Affairs Secretariat (RAS).
Ongoing protests in Oromia region have been met with brutal crackdowns by Ethiopian Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn's government.
The ruling Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front party, which has been in power since 1991, is accused of high-handedness against the dissenting voices, forcing thousands to flee the country.
But even outside Ethiopian territory, the immigrants, refugees and asylum seekers are never safe, either, as they are routinely targeted and subjected to surveillance, harassment, violence, before they are arrested and deported back.
In October last year, police arrested 40 Ethiopians at Uhuru Park and charged them at the Kibera law courts with unlawful assembly and being in Kenya illegally.They were arrested while protesting, following clashes that had left at least 50 dead in Oromia.
Oromo refugees, asylum seekers and those familiar with refugee documentation and protection spoke to the Star on condition of anonymity for their own safety, and what they revealed painted a picture of systematic and deliberate frustration, neglect and despair.
About 16 sources met this reporter at various locations, including at the official UNHCR and RAS operation centres in Nairobi.
Attempts to get the police, RAS, as well Ethiopian embassy officials to respond to the allegations were futile, while the UNHCR denied them.
"I came to Nairobi after spending close to 10 years in different prisons, including the infamous Kaliti Prison in Ethiopia. Some of my friends didn't make it. They are still languishing in jail. Others have been killed or just disappeared," Semih (not his real name) said.
At Maekelawi Detention Centre, he met Osman Kadir and Wario Bariso who had been abducted from Daadab Refugee camp and sent back to Ethiopia, whereas at Kaliti, he met engineers Teftahim Chemueda and Msefin Abebe, who were abducted in Nairobi and are now on death row.
"I thought I will be protected and my safety guaranteed after successful registration or even resettled externally upon my case's determination. Shock on me. That hasn't happened because I don't have money to bribe UNHCR officials to fast-track my case," he said.
Despite putting his case for registration and documentation to UNHCR office and RAS six months ago, he said all he has been told every time he inquires about the case is that it will be acted upon and he will be informed.
"I am now in limbo. But I fear that if I get registered or seek resettlement without paying the bribe to officers, they will blow up my cover. If Ethiopian security forces, which have a massive presence here, know that I am here, they will abduct me and I will face the same fate of more than 100 of my colleagues, who have been abducted by combined Kenyan and Ethiopian forces, tortured and sent back to dentition in Ethiopia," Semih said.
Even Kenyans perceived to be working with Oromos are not safe, he added, saying in one of the detention facilities, he found Wario Tatesa and Jaldesa Wako, Kenyans who were facing six and 15-year jail terms. They had been abducted inside Kenyan territory and taken to Addis Ababa.
Women who spoke to the Star said their cases are even worse, as failure to give in to sexual advances from the officers meant their cases are not registered or handled faster, which leaves them more vulnerable to sexual exploitation and harassment.
"I refused to give in to some UNHCR officers who demanded that I sleep with them so they can prepare my paperwork. Now I am here without official recognition. I ran away from Ethiopia because I wanted to breathe a fresh air of dignity, not to come and be used as an object and put to worse emotional torture," Melod (not her real name) told the Star.
She said she knew some of the women who had paid off with their bodies to have the papers processed and even resettled in Western countries.
The frustration and desperation, she said, has seen some give up and no longer want to subject themselves to refugee status determination. They have instead opted to be house girls, bartenders or own small businesses to make ends meet.
"The lucky one are treated as ordinary workers. The unlucky ones are taken advantage of and paid meagre salaries just because they are refugees. Others are smuggled out under the pretext of looking for opportunities but they end up as sex slaves in Europe and other regions in the world," she said.
UN's 'ZERO TOLERANCE POLICY'
Details from already registered refugees and a source familiar with both Refugee Affairs Secretariat and the UN refugee agency at Shauri Moyo said the agencies run a well coordinated syndicate that coerces and lures refugees to pay bribes, by frustrating them through unnecessary bureaucratic delays and threats of giving them out to police if they fail to comply.
"Officials at both the UNHCR and the Kenya government are double faced and in an unholy alliance with persecutors of the asylum seekers. They have made it difficult for refugees and asylum seekers and pushed them to desperation," the source said.
"Those who succeed to register bribe or give into sexual demands."
The UN refugee agency, through its communications head Yvonne Ndege, denied allegations of bribery and sexual exploitation, urging us to provide more information.
"UNHCR has zero tolerance policy to sexual exploitation and abuse. It is unacceptable behaviour and prohibited conduct for all UNHCR staff and its affiliated workforce," she said. (See comprehensive response from the UNHCR at the end of this article).
However, another source familiar with UNHCR operations said a large number of those hired to protect refugees and guarantee their rights seem to be here on vacation. Others are just making money and do not care about their responsibility.
"They are treating refugees and asylum seekers the way you would treat your herd of goats. You keep them contemplating on what you can milk from them," the source said.
"They can opt to hold them in limbo with no documentation so that others they collaborate with can use them as a cash cow, or just hand them over to the Mafia system (in camps). All they are after is to line up their pockets, not serve humanity. This explains why some UNHCR officers and their partners have become stinking rich. If you do a lifestyle audit on some, you will be shocked."
HOW EXPLOITATION WORKS
Bribes of about Sh15,000 to Sh30,000 are demanded by either UNHCR or RAS officers before a file for registration and documentation and even resettlement is processed.
The money is paid in cash, mostly negotiated and delivered through brokers, who include community leaders and other persons who hang around registration centres, sources said.
"Rarely do the officers allow direct cash payments. In fact, the brokers always tell us to call our friends or relatives around so as we can fund-raise and pay the illegal fees," Melak (not his actual name) said.
"But even with the registration, we are never free. We are stopped randomly in the streets by police and threatened to be handed to Ethiopian police if we don't buy our freedom. Pangani is a notorious police station, where we are normally taken and never booked," he added.
Those who don't pay, maybe because they have no friends in Nairobi to help raise the bribe are locked up at Industrial Area police, some charged for being in the country illegally and some quietly sent back to Ethiopia through the Moyale border, he said.
Those who register at the Shauri Moyo agency are given a three-week movement permit, which allows them to move back to the camp either at Kakuma or Daadab, which is high-risk, especially for political asylum seekers.
The situation is complicated by the fact that the joint UNHCR/RAS Committee on Exemptions hasn't met since May.
The committee receives and approves requests from refugees and asylum seekers who want to be exempted from residing in the designated areas (camps).
Kenya is implementing an encampment policy, where all new arrivals are registered with Kalobeyei address, even though all the registrations are done in Nairobi. All refugees are also required to reside in refugee camps, unless they have been given an exemption permit.
"With this committee not meeting and granting the exemption permits, those given movement permits overstay their three weeks, exposing them to extortion rackets, and some are even charged for violating immigration laws. Even though the committee is not meeting, those who bribe get their exemption permits anyway," a source said.
Another source whose three family members were killed in Ethiopia last year said he lodged his case with committee for consideration, arguing that accepting to go to Dadaab or Kakuuma was tantamount to giving himself out to Ethiopian forces that patrol and hunt down their targets in the camps with ease.
"To date my case has not been handled. I overstayed the movement permit, now I prefer being here in Nairobi illegally as I look for ways out than taking myself to the slaughterhouse that is the camps," he said.
"I can no longer go to church, social gatherings or even interact with other refugees. I am safer alone than with the rest because they are under massive surveillance."
Human Rights Watch senior researcher Felix Horne, who has been working on Ethiopian refugees, acknowledges the pain the refugees and asylum seekers are facing.
Currently, he said, an Ethiopian asylum seeker in Kenya can take over two years just to get an initial refugee status determination interview.
Despite Kenya having a responsibility to ensure that refugees and asylum seekers are not returned to a place where there is a risk of torture, he said, their research shows the contrary.
Cases of abductions and threats against Ethiopian refugees and asylum seekers are not limited to Kenya, he said.
Community leaders, social media activists, opposition politicians, and refugee protection workers have been harassed in other countries.
"We have documented abductions of Ethiopian refugees and asylum seekers from Uganda, Sudan, Djibouti, Somalia and elsewhere. It is a strategy the Ethiopian government uses all across the region to ensure refugees are fearful of opposing or criticising the Ethiopian government and of providing support to opposition groups," Horne said.
"In Kenya, it is clear that Ethiopian agents use Kenyan police, primarily through monetary payments, to facilitate harassment and arrest of Ethiopian refugees they are interested in. In private, some Kenyan police told HRW that they were offered cash payments by Ethiopian Embassy officials specifically to arrest Ethiopians."
A source said personal details of some refugees are gotten from UNHCR records and given to Ethiopian forces by officials of the agency, adding that tracking has been made worse because the hotline services are outsourced.
UN refugee agency head of communication Yvonne Ndege (UNHCR) response:
Q: What are the specific protections in place to ensure refugees and asylum seekers enjoy their rights, free from being threaten, abducted and re-fouled back to their countries where they risk torture and other violations?
YD: Kenya, being signatory to the main legal instruments relating to the protection of refugees, has established systems and procedures to manage refugees and asylum-seekers in the country. Any individual who wishes to seek-asylum in Kenya can do it in contacting the competent authorities (Refugee Affairs Secretariat) or UNHCR. Any registered asylum-seeker or refugee is protected by the Kenyan State against refoulemement to his country of origin or to any country where his life or security could be at risk. The principle of non-refoulement is spelled out in the refugee Conventions as well as in the 2006 Refugee Act that is in force in Kenya. Asylum-seekers and refugees do enjoy rights as defined in these legal instruments as well as all the basic human rights including the right to physical security.
There are numerous cases of those who have been re-fouled back illegally, as a refugee agency what steps are being taken to pursue these cases and ensure that in future Kenya and Ethiopian security doesn't return them to persecution?
Non-refoulement is the cornerstone of the refugee protection regime. There are however exceptions to this principle if the authorities consider that an individual represents a danger to the security of the country or if, after been convicted of a serious crime, the individual constitutes a danger to the community. UNHCR was informed a couple of month ago of the refoulement of an Ethiopian individual who had been residing in Kenya for a long time. After thorough verification, UNHCR could not confirm his status as a refugee. In the event that UNHCR establish that an Ethiopian asylum-seeker or a refugee has been refouled to Ethiopia, the matter would be taken up with the competent authorities. Similar demarches have been done on behalf of two Sudanese refugees earlier this year as well as a group of Somali refugees who were deported to Somalia in May.
In our multiple interviews with victims, both registered and unregistered refugees and asylum seekers they accuse UNHCR officers of exploiting them sexually (for the girls) and financially too in exchange of expedited registration and resettlement those who don't pay or give in to sexual advances are met with indifference, their cases are ignored or not registered at all, what are your thoughts about these allegations,have they been brought to your attention, what action has been taken either to investigate or hold culprits to account?
UNHCR has a zero tolerance policy to sexual exploitation and abuse and treats such allegations very seriously. Sexual exploitation and abuse is unacceptable behavior and prohibited conduct for all UNHCR staff and its affiliated workforce. Sexual exploitation and abuse threatens the lives of people that we are to serve a protect. Sexual exploitation and abuse undermines discipline, and damages the reputation of UNHCR. Any such allegation is referred to UNHCR's independent Inspector General's Office and will be investigated. All investigations are carried out by expert investigators. All victims of sexual exploitation and abuse are entitled to safe and confidential assistance. If the victim is a child, special considerations for the protection and support to the child are needed. Where immediate medical assistance is needed, the victim will be referred to the near medical service.
Victims we spoke accuse some UNHCR staff for working in cahoot with Ethiopian forces, to which they feed them with personal details of all those in their records used to track down the specific Oromos and Ogaden refugee and asylum seekers by Ethiopian security agencies, they are abducted and taken back to Ethiopia. This has made those already registered refugees and asylum seekers live in fear and even has discouraged those not registered to seek formal recognition and protection, is this allegation known to you, what are your thoughts?
UNHCR would treat such accusations very seriously. UNHCR is unaware of the specific allegations to which you are referring. Please can you provide more detail?
There are also accusation where cases that are supposed to be resettled are exchanged and sold to undeserving people, how accurate is this?
UNHCR would treat such accusations very seriously. UNHCR is unaware of the specific allegations to which you are referring. Can you give more detail?
They have also complained of the hotline number which UNHCR has outsourced as well the payments, which they claim leaves them exposed and at most is unresponsive when in emergency, does this mean the UNHCR system isn't working and that you have outsourced responsibility?
UNHCR has established a Hotline to enable refugees to access information about their rights and entitlements without having to present themselves to a UNHCR office. The Hotline can also be used to make complaints or report misconduct. The Hotline is a toll free number. The first line operators are employees of a UNHCR contractor. The first line operators speak multiple languages and are trained on how to answer basic queries. For callers who seek information about their individual cases, the first line operators are trained to know how to refer the caller to a UNHCR staff who can answer/resolve their query. The Hotline has been operational for five months and over 14,000 calls have been satisfactorily resolved. Community leaders have welcomed the existence of the Hotline. UNHCR has noted areas where improvement can be made and is taking steps to implement such improvements "including the intention to make the Hotline available 24 hours per day.
Joint committee on exemption permits for those who want to stay in Nairobi either for health or security reasons hasn't meet since May, what are your observations about this and what are you doing as UNHCR to make sure it convenes to avoid extortion rings that it has created against those in Nairobi?
Issuing exemption permits is a matter for the Government "not UNHCR. UNHCR is working with the Refugee Affairs Secretariat of the Government to ensure that an effective, efficient and fair process is put in place.
Observers argue that failure to have registration desks at border points has exposed refugees and asylum seekers to exploitation by smugglers and security agencies, what should be the ideal situation and why isn't there a registration desk at entry points?
The Refugee Affairs Secretariat has a presence is Dadaab, Kakuma, Nairobi, Mombasa and Eldoret. It may not be possible or realistic for RAS to deploy registration staff at all the crossing points considering that some individuals enter Kenya outside the official border points. Please contact RAS about this point. RAS and UNHCR do work very closely with the immigration authorities to ensure that individuals who enter Kenya and seek asylum at the border are however directed to the right entities for further processing. Efforts are being made to build the capacity of the immigration services so the border management systems are designed to accommodate and handle appropriately the individuals seeking asylum. It actually happens very regularly that the immigration services do signal the presence of asylum-seekers to RAS or UNHCR so arrangement can be made to relocate them to the camps or elsewhere. It appears that most cases, the smuggling routes are set-up in the countries of origin. ___________________________________________________________
ECOTERRA told UNHCR many times: "You can outsource work, but you can not outsource responsibility!"
Maybe it is high time that the international community re-thinks if they can entrust UNHCR also in future with the humanitarian mandate to protect refugees and asylum seekers, since the UN system appears to be corrupted beyond repair, and other more effective ways and protection groups need to be given that mandate.
In a healthy democracy, people are not shot at from helicopters for collecting food. They are certainly not then arrested, stripped bare and beaten while in custody without facing trial.
Nor are people banned from their legitimate livelihoods, or persecuted on false pretenses.
Sadly in Botswana, southern Africa’s much-vaunted ‘beacon of democracy’, all of this took place late last month in an incident which has been criminally under-reported. Nine Bushmen were later arrested and subsequently stripped naked and beaten while in custody.
The Bushmen of the Kalahari have lived by hunting and gathering on the southern African plains for millennia. They are a peaceful people, who do almost no harm to their environment and have a deep respect for their lands and the game that lives on it. They hunt antelope with spears and bows, mostly gemsbok, which are endemic to the area.
Sutherlandia frutescens is regarded as the most profound and multi-purpose of the medicinal plants in Southern Africa. Because of its efficacy as a safe tonic for diverse health conditions it has enjoyed a long history of use by all cultures in Southern Africa.
Sutherlandia powerfully assists the body to mobilize its own resources to cope with diverse physical and mental stresses, and it should therefore be more correctly known as an adaptogenic tonic.
The common names that have been and are used for Sutherlandia in Southern Africa include:
Sutherlandias are lax spreading shrubs to 1,2m high, with prostrate to erect stems; leaves compound pinnate with leaflets oblong to linear-elliptic, mostly three or more times longer than wide, slightly to densely hairy, the latter silvery in appearance; flowers (Jul-Dec) bright scarlet, borne in terminal racemes; fruit an inflated leathery pod, 1.3-2 times as long as wide, bearing a persistent upturned style; seeds black, flattened, ± 3mm in diameter.
Sutherlandia frutescens is one of five currently recognised Sutherlandia species, all of which are confined to Southern Africa. The species are difficult to distinguish because they often grade into each other and some botanists consider them to be merely different forms of a single large and variable species. Three of the species, Sutherlandia frutescens, S. microphylla and S. tomentosa have overlapping distributions in the Western Cape Province and are probably used interchangeably in this area as kankerbos.
Sutherlandia Safety Study
by The Medical Research Council of South Africa
The results of the recent three month safety study conducted by the IKS division of the Medical Research Council of South Africa have shown that Sutherlandia frutescens is totally safe and non-toxic adaptogen within the parameters of this study. more...
To get a copy of the safety study results in pdf format, click here.
Definition of an Adaptogen
a substance that invigorates or strengthens the system (also called a tonic).
Increases the body's ability to adapt to internal or external stress.
is a term that applies to herbs that maintain health by increasing the body's ability to adapt to environmental and internal stress. Adaptogens generally work by strengthening the immune system, nervous system and/or glandular systems.
A substance that modifies the metabolism of the body to combat particular forms of environmental stress.
herbs that act in a nonspecific way to strengthen the body and increase resistance to disease and stress.
Central Nervous System
Sutherlandia has been used as supportive treatment in mental and emotional stress, including irritability, anxiety and depression. Widows of slain Zulu warriors used Sutherlandia as a gentle tranquilliser during the mourning period.
The Sotho name motlepelo means ‘bringing back the heart’ meaning that the plant is a traditional treatment for emotional shock and stress.
Agitated Zulu warriors returning from battle would be given an infusion of Sutherlandia ‘to take the war out’ - i.e. as a calming tea.
The ancient Zulu name insiswa means ‘the one which dispels darkness’ alluding to its anti-depressant effect, and tot he fact that it is a powerful tonic for diverse health conditions.
The present Zulu name unwele means ‘hair’ - alluding to the fact that the plant stops people ‘pulling out their hair’ with distress.
Sutherlandia was traditionally used throughout its natural distribution to good effect to combat the symptoms of ‘flu during the 1918 influenza pandemic, and is still used to treat 'flu to this day. Sutherlandia is traditionally believed to shorten the duration and severity of the illness and it can also be taken as a convalescent tonic for post-‘flu debility.
Sutherlandia has traditionally been used in both the prevention and treatment of the symptoms of asthma.
Sutherlandia has been traditionally used for centuries to treat the symptoms of TB, including wasting, and bronchitis. It has also been historically used to treat unspecified wasting diseases.
Sutherlandia has been used to treat symptoms of ‘heartburn’, reflux oesophagitis, gastritis and peptic ulceration. Herbalists at the Parade Market in Cape Town, South Africa say that Sutherlandia is for ‘nerves and stomach ulcers’.
Sutherlandia was historically used to treat diarrhoea and dysentary, and it was used as a supportive remedy for people with unspecified liver conditions. It is slightly purgative at higher doses and has therefore been used as a gentle remedy for constipation.
Sutherlandia was used to treat urinary tract infections, including gonorrhoea, and cystitis, particularly what would nowadays be termed ‘interstitial cystitis’.
Sutherlandia is widely used to this day by rural herbalists and ‘kruie-doktors’ to treat diabetes.
Sutherlandia has traditionally been used to treat gout, rheumatoid arthritis (known to Zulu healers as “the disease of the lady teachers” ) and osteoarthritis.
To this day Sutherlandia is used as a traditional treatment to improve the quality of life in patients with malignant tumours. Please click here for further information on Sutherlandia and cancer
Sutherlandia Safety and Canavanine by: Dr Nigel Gericke, T.Dr Credo Mutwa, Dr Carl Albrecht and Prof. Ben-Erik van Wyk.
Sutherlandia is a traditional herbal remedy that has enjoyed a long history of safe use. The recorded history dates back to more than 100 years, and the herb has been sold to the public on a small scale for several decades. Not a single report even suggesting adverse effects (apart from mild diarrhoea at large overdose) has ever been recorded.
There has been a recent statement that Sutherlandia is toxic due to the presence of a chemical called canavanine. There is no scientific evidence that long term exposure to the very low amounts of canavanine, found in Sutherlandia frutescens subspecies microphylla, as sold under the brands of Big Tree, can have any adverse effects.
Part of the evidence that has been used against Sutherlandia concerns a historical report of a person who ingested more than a kilogram of alfalfa seeds (alfalfa is also known as lucern, “lusern”, Medicago sativa) in a short period in order to lower blood cholesterol. The person then developed a temporary inhibition of the production of blood cells (a condition known as pancytopaenia, that reversed to normal after the extreme overdose was stopped). It is possible that this condition was caused by the canavanine in the alfalfa seeds, however, the crux of the matter is that the daily dose taken by this person contained 1000 times more canavanine than is found in the daily recommended dose of two 300mg Sutherlandia tablets. At very high concentrations, canavanine therefore may have toxic effects, but toxicity due to overdose is also true for even the most harmless of herbal medicines. Ordinary table salt, taken in large overdose, can cause high blood pressure or even death.
Alfalfa sprouts are widely sold as a health food in all over the world, despite the fact that alfalfa contains more canavanine than Sutherlandia. Even a modest daily portion of alfalfa sprouts would contain substantially more canavanine than the amount present in a recomended daily dose of Sutherlandia. Despite the presence of canavanine in alfalfa, the Food and Drug Administration of the United States (FDA) has placed alfalfa in the category of food “generally regarded as safe”, so-called “GRAS” status. If the statement is correct that daily ingestion of small amounts of canavanine is harmful, one would have expected that this would have become evident from the millions of people all over the world eating alfalfa sprouts. Clearly this is not the case.
- easy purchase: https://www.terratreatment.nl
All medical information is provided for educational purposes only and should not replace the advice of your doctor.
- for more information go to: https://www.sutherlandia.org/
GENOCIDE MEMORIAL | 1702-1869-2015 | on 2nd September 2015
313 YEARS CONTINUOUS GENOCIDE AGAINST THE SAN PEOPLE
The indigenous peoples and First Nations of the San group most affected are:
The /xam, //Xegwi, Saai, /'Auni, !Kung, #Khomani, !Xu and Khwe bushmen.
It is the greatest shame that the international community has not stood up yet to reconstitute the full rights of the very First Nation on Earth, the surviving common ancestors, brothers and sisters of all people of this world.
GENOCIDE MEMORIAL | 1702-1869-2015 | on 2nd September 2015 in Philippolis just north of the Gariep in Free State.
Following a meeting with the South African Government on 31st March 2015, where we demanded to recognise the genocide against our people, we bushmen will commemorate and decry the 313 years of Genocide against the San people, which raged since 1702 throughout 1869 and which lasts until today, 2015.
THE GREAT KAROO GENOCIDE | 1702-2014 | AGAINST THE SAN BUSHMEN
Every honest historian and observer knows and confirms that the San were and still are killed in Southern Africa, especially in what is today called the Republic of South Africa and its neighbours Botswana and Namibia, which are all originally lands of the San people, the aboriginal First Nation of Afrika.
One of the San skeletons at Addo Pass was found in soil layers dating 7,300 years back - long before any other peoples lived there. The 80,000 year old cave near St Blaize is an important San shelter in Mossel Bay. The San Cango Cave near Oudtshoorn in Klein Karoo is likewise an ancient San shelter and the Blombos Cave of the San in Western Cape is 70,000 years old.
Willem Bleek wrote about the /Xam people in the late 1800ds after interviews with late historical figures: "We need more research and open forum discussions. The /Xam people need restoration and their history must be told! The world must know, realize and recognize the genocide against the San People of Southern Afrika!"
While this continuous genocide against the San was at its worst in the massacre during 1774, it still continues today and happens now often in secrecy. These massacres and killing sprees against the San people, the continuous marginalisation and impoverishment of our people, the targeted rape and forged marriages to force us to "be integrated" in a mixed South African society of takers shall no longer be kept a shameful secret and we will no longer be quiet in the Cape, from where it started .
We must address it in order to stop it.
In the Cape, at the Castle, there is still no mentioning about the killings of the San, while one speaks only of the "Khoi wars". Reason is that there is a specific leadership who does not want to recognize the massacres against the San, because their ancestors took part in killing the San.
The other indigenous groups from the frontier wars obtained recognition, but we, the aboriginal San People of Southern Africa, have not been recognized in our loss and grief and in our rights. Never were the San people mentioned, though the other indigenous groups were.
It is therefore important to no longer hide the real facts and an equal platform must be established for all the peoples who suffered at the hands of all the invaders.
The courageous first hero of the San - Koerikei - defended our lands already in 1702 for us - the San People - and in his spirit we shall decry the continuous genocide.
It was already difficult for him, because the San were at the time attacked from various angles with the most brutal killings occurring in the Eastern Cape, and it is still difficult for us - the descendants of the survivors of these massacres.
But fact is that these genocidal killings of the San people took place across a vast area and specifically at the following locations:
Graaff Reinet District and Moordenaarsrivier
THE TIME OF THE COMMANDOS, 1740 – 1802
During this time the San people were killed and massacred especially at the Sneeuberge by the commandos. While famous San hero Soaiwas killed by Sotho men at the Drakensberg, other San were killed in Drakensberg by the Colonialists. Heinous crimes against humanity were committed whereby the aggressors were cowardly killing even our women and children.
On 1 August 1775 alone, 122 San people were killedat the Seekoei River, while the other massacres happened at the Sneeuberg: Between December 1776 and March 1777 the Commando campaigns in the Sneeuberg.area were carried out by a mere 30 Europeans and 26 KhoiKhoi - hardly enough men to deal with the hundreds and thousands of their declared "enemies" - the San. They killed 144 San people during that time and there are more than 40 graves in Middelburg in the Eastern Cape to proof it. Thesegraves can be found in the oldest town of the Eastern Cape, but there are no records of these graves listed or mentioned by the churches, who colluded in the murder of the aboriginal San. In the Eastern Cape there were two groups of commandos formed during that time: The Trekboer's Commandos and the Basters' Commandos. The first group were the Colonialists and the other group was formed by the "Basters", who were actually the Griqua. While most San were hanged by the Griqua at the Galgboom in what is today Griquatown, Abraham Vigilland - the famous San hero - was killed by poison in his tea at Kookfontein in the Northern Cape.
The Trekboer's Commandos went into the direction of present-day Kenhardt, shooting actually every San man, woman and child they came across. In all, 200 peaceful hunter-gatherers were brutally murdered.
Meanwhile additional Basters' Commandos killed the San people also at the Karee Mountains.
In the Transkei, they murdered hero Nonqaba in Tsolo. Nonqaba was the key defender of all the San in Transkei.
By 1774 the antagonism between the colonists and the San had reached alarming proportions and the Company decided to take action against the San. It appointed a commandant for the whole of the northern frontier and established a large expeditionary force, comprised of burghers (citizens), KhoiKhoi people and Basters (Griqua) – to scour the 500-kilometre boundary between Piketberg and the Sneeuberg near present-day Graaff-Reinet. Task was to capture or kill as many San as possible. According to official reports, 503 San were killed and 239 captured during the first of several large-scale operations that would eventually lead to the virtual annihilation of the San in the south-western Cape. A record compiled by the Graaff-Reinetmagistracy in 1836 shows that 2504 San were killed and 669 taken prisoner along the Graaff-Reinet frontier alone during the last decade of VOC rule(1786-95).
The Basters, who later became officially known as the Griqua under Adam Kok II, and the Griqua leadership still stand to apologise and to seek forgiveness from the Sanpeople for having committed these murderous acts against the San people.
Between 1844 - 1847 the Zuurberg Mountain Pass was built with people rounded up and conscripted into forced labour. A killed San family was found and excavated in 1945 on a farm 2 km west of Kammadagga.
At the Addo Pass more killed San families were found and excavated during 1969.
The town of Philippolis in the Free State of today's South Afrika stands at the core of the history on the genocide against the San.
Philippolis was founded as a missionary outpost for the San in 1823 - making it the oldest settlement in Free State. It was named after John Philip of the London Missionary society.
When the Towerberge missionary station was closed, those San families were then also moved to Philippolis.
But then the San families were killed by Griqua leaders and their followers in Philippolis. Already Plippolis' early magistrate Andries Stockenstrom proclaimed that Philip had no right to give the land to Adam Kok and the Griqua. Early reports confirmed the brutality of Adam Kok and his people who slit the throats of many San and threw San children into bonfires.
The horrible massacres in Philippolis in 1827 killing the San, at Addo in the Zuurberg Mountain Village and at Bruintjieshoogte must never be forgotten.
We will commemorate the Genocide against the San with a memorial service at the van der Post Museum in Philippolis, Free State, South Afrika on 2nd September 2015. Our venue will start around 10h00.
The historical background will be addressed by different speakers and discussions held about the inequality in South Africa. The fact that the San and KhoiKhoi people have a different history and receive unequal present-day treatment by state authorities will be addressed. Even some academic people still discriminate against the San and favour to work with KhoiKhoi, because they are better educated in the modern sense. Actually the majority of the KhoiKhoi people in South Africa belong to the middle class while the aboriginal San are still forced to live in abhorrent poverty
We, however, stand for the San, who already 120 000 years ago lived here, long before all the other peoples arrived in South Africa. The true history must be kept honestly.
Books of the late Sir Lawrence Jan Van Der Post will be handed to the museum. The author wrote independently about the oldest humans - the San people.
With Regards and Greetings
CONTACT for participants:
/Xam Association of South Africa
Mr. Toetie Dow
Cell +27 (0)793-415-707 and +27 (0) 823-186-453
Nr 21 Marino Street Graaf Reinet
Tel +27 (0)498-924-036
The derogatory, imperialist, colonial, racist and fascist term 'TRIBE' was coined from the Latin term 'tribus', which was the way by which the Romans and ultimately the imperialist Roman Empire denied any of "their" conquered peoples from other nations their rightful nation status in order to subjugate them further. Those who have followed in these imperialist footsteps, have persisted and still are pathologically insisting today to use the term 'tribe', and thereby they are also easily identified as part of the still prevailing neo-colonial mindset of the military-industrial complex. Unfortunately even those who allegedly "fight for the rights of the "tribes" only show that they either are totally ignorant or do follow the hidden agenda of the supremacists.
While assessing the level of insult, the term "nigger" represents for an individual person what the term "tribe" represents for oppressed aboriginal nations. The difference is only that for "nigger" the whole process ranging from giving up ignorance, creation of awareness and nowadays legal punishment has been completed, while with the term "tribe" the supremacists still have a hidden tool to express their disgust and disregard for other genuine peoples and especially the aboriginal nations.
If any human condition or domain of human activity, any potential “crisis,” or any particle or parcel of the Earth, sea, or sky has been overlooked by the UN, one can be sure the omission will soon be corrected, and that a new UN commission, agency, and/or treaty will soon be initiated to claim responsibility and jurisdiction over it.
They have always been there. People noticed them before. But no one could remember who made them - or why? Until just recently, no one even knew how many there were. Now they are everywhere - thousands - no, hundreds of thousands of them!
And the story they tell is the most important story of humanity. But it's one we might not be prepared to hear.
Something amazing has been discovered in an area of South Africa, about 150 miles inland, west of the port of Maputo. It is the remains of a huge metropolis that measures, in conservative estimates, about 1500 square miles.
It's part of an even larger community that is about 10,000 square miles and appears to have been constructed - are you ready - from 160,000 to 200,000 BCE!
When historians first stumbled upon these structures they simply assumed that they were cattle kraal left behind by the Bantu people as they moved south and settled the land from around the 13th century.
But research work done by people like Cyril Hromnik, Richard Wade, Johan Heine and a handful of others over the past twenty years, into ancient southern African history, has revealed that these stone structures are in fact more than just cattle kraal, but the remains of ancient temples and astronomical observatories of lost ancient civilizations that stretch back for thousands of years.
Do you remember back in 1997, the Hopi Elders appeared with Dr. Robert Ghost Wolf on Art Bells Coast to Coast show, they spoke to millions of wary listeners around the world as they 'predicted' the coming of The Blue Star Kachina and that the Purifier, the Red Star Kachina would follow shortly after the twins (Hale-bopp) had passed from our heavens.
They spoke about us seeing strange things going on with animals, frogs with six legs, rabbits with four ears, animals being born with both genders. They spoke of Earth Changes, and 'Firestorms," and they talked about the Eight Thunders Prophecies... and the Pale Prophet.
The following is an excerpt from LAST CRY Native American Prophecies & Tales of the End Times, by Dr. Robert Ghost Wolf, 1994-2004.
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Many people around the world today are deeply concerned about the decline of the planet, its eco-systems and its species-- and on a smaller scale, the deterioration of their local environments and bio-regions. Frustrated at the slow pace of public education and consciousness raising efforts, they see their respective legal systems as "courts of last resort." "We can write stronger laws," they think, "and we can force those who are destroying our planet and damaging our environments to change their ways."