Find the full report as download below.

By NBS - 24. September 2019

The Nature-Based Solutions for Climate Manifesto

Developed for the UN Climate Action Summit 2019

Climate is changing rapidly, undermining the security of current and future generations. Climate change and biodiversity collapse mean that our world is facing a double crisis.

The threat to all countries is increasing and there is an urgent need to scale-up response efforts. Nature-Based Solutions (NBS) are a fundamental part of action for climate and biodiversity.

Authoritative research indicates that NBS can provide over one-third of the cost-effective climate mitigation needed between now and 2030 to stabilize warming to below 2 °C, achieving nature’s mitigation potential of 10-12 gigatons of CO2 per year.

Adequate investment in NBS will help reduce financial consequences of climate change, and contribute to the creation of new jobs, to livelihood resilience and to reducing people’s poverty.

NBS underpin the Sustainable Development Goals: they support vital ecosystem services, biodiversity, access to fresh water, improved livelihoods, healthy diets and food security from sustainable food systems.

NBS are an essential component of the overall global effort to achieve the goals of the Paris Agreement on Climate Change. They are a vital complement to decarbonisation, reducing climate change risks and establishing climate-resilient societies. They value harmony between people and nature, as well as ecological development and represent a holistic, people-centred response to climate change. They are effective, long-term, cost-efficient and globally scalable.NBS are already being delivered, are visible and credible, and can be exponentially scaled-up if they are fully valued and receive proper investment. Action is needed now to ensure that they achieve their full potential.

At present NBS only receive a small share of climate finance. Success depends on maximizing nature’s contribution to climate action, with intensified NBS from now onwards. Indeed, there are many examples of best practices and many emerging initiatives are ready for extension and intensification.

To unlock nature’s full potential in climate action, world leaders should do all within their power to ensure that nature’s transformative potential is fully valued and realized in decision-making especially in relation to climate action. This includes governance processes that are designed to stop the destruction of nature and the damage caused by investments or incentives that contribute to environmental harm.

There is a need to recognize that NBS have an enormous potential which can be effectively realized through international and regional cooperation among States and with the participation and inclusion of all stakeholders, including youth, women, indigenous peoples and local communities.

Those who support the NBS Manifesto in the September 2019 Climate Action Summit acknowledge the important role of nature in climate action and commit to unlocking its full potential of nature through a range of actions.

The following four areas are priorities for the members of the NBS coalition at the Summit:

1. Increasing and mainstreaming NBS within national governance, climate action and climate policy-related instruments, including Nationally Determined Contributions, Adaptation Communications, long-term low greenhouse gas emission development strategies, spatial planning, national development plans, business plans;

2. Enhancing regional and international co-operation, in ways that encourage ambition, transparency and environmental integrity and are supported by popular mobilization and campaigns, by forming synergies with regional and international development cooperation agendas and initiatives that help deliver on SDGs; this includes encouraging the establishment of a Group of Friends for NBS (GOF4NBS) following the September 2019 Climate Action Summit;

3. Generating the shifts needed in both domestic and international governance and finance to value nature and realize the potential of NBS; ensuring that financial mechanisms are supported with appropriate regulations that are enforced at the national and sub-national levels including promotion and adoption of green supply chains; avoidance of funding for deforestation and other activities that harm ecosystems; increased public and private funding for NBS investment; promoting green finance and innovative incentive measures to promote NBS;

4. Scaling-up NBS for mitigation, resilience and adaptation in key areas, ensuring people’s livelihoods in the face of climate threats, including

a) the conservation and restoration of forest and other terrestrial ecosystems,

b) the conservation and restoration of freshwater resources as well as marine and ocean ecosystems,

c) sustainable agriculture and food systems; and

d) ensuring nature’s systemic role in sustainable development in ways that end the loss of biodiversity and optimize nature’s contribution to resilient livelihoods, green infrastructure, sustainable settlements and just rural transitions.

Bold action must be taken to conserve, restore and sustainably manage nature for climate mitigation and adaptation. The time to act is now. We will succeed by working together: reconnecting people and nature to implement the Paris Agreement effectively and secure a sustainable future for all – both now and for generations to come.


#Nature is an essential part of solutions to hashtag#ClimateChange! Following the hashtag#ClimateActionSummit2019 convened by United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres, please find here the hashtag#NatureBasedSolutions compendium of contributions as DOWNLOAD HERE


SEE ALSO: Global Modelling for Nature's Contribution to People


AND WATCH (click on the link for this TED talk):

(but also read the warning text above the table below).

100 solutions to reverse global warming

What if we took out more greenhouse gases than we put into the atmosphere? This hypothetical scenario, known as "drawdown," is our only hope of averting climate disaster, says strategist Chad Frischmann. In a forward-thinking talk, he shares solutions to climate change that exist today -- conventional tactics like the use of renewable energy and better land management as well as some lesser-known approaches, like changes to food production, better family planning and the education of girls. Learn more about how we can reverse global warming and create a world where regeneration, not destruction, is the rule.

This TED talk was presented at “We the Future,” a special event in partnership with the Skoll Foundation and the United Nations Foundation.

Drawdown: Is it possible to reverse global warming?

Is it possible to reverse global warming? Project Drawdown is facilitating a broad coalition of researchers, scientists, graduate students, PhDs, post-docs, policymakers, business leaders and activists to assemble and present the best available information on climate solutions in order to describe their beneficial financial, social and environmental impact over the next thirty years. This video is on behalf of Net Impact Chapter of ASU.

Summary of Solutions by Overall Rank

This table provides the detailed results of the Plausible Scenario, which models the growth solutions on the Drawdown list based on a reasonable, but vigorous rate from 2020-2050. Results depicted represent a comparison to a reference case that assumes 2014 levels of adoption continue in proportion to the growth in global markets.

NOTE: Energy Storage (utility-scale & distributed), Grid Flexibility, Microgrids, Net Zero Buildings, and Retrofitting were not modeled independently to avoid double counting impacts from other solutions.


NOTA BENE: The following list needs to be compared with the nature based solutions presented above.

No. 2 Wind Turbines (Onshore) actually is a poor choice to have been ranked so high and it gives the impression that this list is driven by industry.

No. 19 Managed Grazing should not even be in the list, since it promotes mob-grazing of masses of cattle and compares this domestiated and thereby altered species - alien to Africa or America - to the positive ecosystem impact wild ruminating ungulates like African Buffalo and Gnu herds have on the original longrass Serengeti savannah or the Bison had (before they nearly got wiped out at the hands of the settler-colonialists) on the tall grass prairies of the mid-west of the USA. That point is a hoax and certainly was pushed by the cattle industry.

These are only two points and other suggestions in that list and it therefore needs to be scrutinized very carefully.

CAVEAT LECTOR: At the core of project DrawDown is Paul Hawken, who has a history of seeking the free-of charge collaboration of well-meaning scientists and individuals, institutions, organizations and groups from all over the world, but then sells the results in mysterious ways for his own agenda or those who pay him.

He once set up and used a website called WISER EARTH ( to actually get a grip on the global environmental movement and once he had all the networks and the contacts of hundred-thousands or even millions of subscribers as well as all their contributions and data, Hawken just shut the website down, where networks even had developed already their own interactions. All collaborative data were completely wiped off the internet and almost all last fragments even from the wayback machine. He turned WISER EARTH into a Burned Earth place. A hint that this was part of an overall plan leading to DrawDown can be found on an archived fragment HERE. Actually DrawDown could have a sinister meaning - so be aware and don't get drawn down as environmental activist and well-meaning fighter for a better future.

Apart from the countless individuals 4361 organizations had signed up to WISER EARTH and got burned. It therefore seems necessary to apply the precautionary principle while dealing with DrawDown or any similar project. As seen also from other climate-ventures, the snake-oil-peddlers and con-wo/men certainly have focused on the climate issues already and the hype generated that comes along with it is to a large extend also created by them. More transparency is necessary in all these fields were we decide about our own and the future of our children. And the resistance in the environmental protection movement certainly should be aware and must not get networked by the wrong groups and finally netted 1984 style.

Summary of Solutions by Overall Rank

1 Refrigerant Management Materials 89.74 N/A $-902.77
2 Wind Turbines (Onshore) Electricity Generation 84.60 $1,225.37 $7,425.00
3 Reduced Food Waste Food 70.53 N/A N/A
4 Plant-Rich Diet Food 66.11 N/A N/A
5 Tropical Forests Land Use 61.23 N/A N/A
6 Educating Girls Women and Girls 51.48 N/A N/A
7 Family Planning Women and Girls 51.48 N/A N/A
8 Solar Farms Electricity Generation 36.90 $-80.60 $5,023.84
9 Silvopasture Food 31.19 $41.59 $699.37
10 Rooftop Solar Electricity Generation 24.60 $453.14 $3,457.63
11 Regenerative Agriculture Food 23.15 $57.22 $1,928.10
12 Temperate Forests Land Use 22.61 N/A N/A
13 Peatlands Land Use 21.57 N/A N/A
14 Tropical Staple Trees Food 20.19 $120.07 $626.97
15 Afforestation Land Use 18.06 $29.44 $392.33
16 Conservation Agriculture Food 17.35 $37.53 $2,119.07
17 Tree Intercropping Food 17.20 $146.99 $22.10
18 Geothermal Electricity Generation 16.60 $-155.48 $1,024.34
19 Managed Grazing Food 16.34 $50.48 $735.27
20 Nuclear Electricity Generation 16.09 $0.88 $1,713.40
21 Clean Cookstoves Food 15.81 $72.16 $166.28
22 Wind Turbines (Offshore) Electricity Generation 14.10 $545.30 $762.50
23 Farmland Restoration Food 14.08 $72.24 $1,342.47
24 Improved Rice Cultivation Food 11.34 N/A $519.06
25 Concentrated Solar Electricity Generation 10.90 $1,319.70 $413.85
26 Electric Vehicles Transport 10.80 $14,148.00 $9,726.40
27 District Heating Buildings and Cities 9.38 $457.10 $3,543.50
28 Multistrata Agroforestry Food 9.28 $26.76 $709.75
29 Wave and Tidal Electricity Generation 9.20 $411.84 $-1,004.70
30 Methane Digesters (Large) Electricity Generation 8.40 $201.41 $148.83
31 Insulation Buildings and Cities 8.27 $3,655.92 $2,513.33
32 Ships Transport 7.87 $915.93 $424.38
33 LED Lighting (Household) Buildings and Cities 7.81 $323.52 $1,729.54
34 Biomass Electricity Generation 7.50 $402.31 $519.35
35 Bamboo Land Use 7.22 $23.79 $264.80
36 Alternative Cement Materials 6.69 $-273.90 N/A
37 Mass Transit Transport 6.57 N/A $2,379.73
38 Forest Protection Land Use 6.20 N/A N/A
39 Indigenous Peoples’ Land Management Land Use 6.19 N/A N/A
40 Trucks Transport 6.18 $543.54 $2,781.63
41 Solar Water Electricity Generation 6.08 $2.99 $773.65
42 Heat Pumps Buildings and Cities 5.20 $118.71 $1,546.66
43 Airplanes Transport 5.05 $662.42 $3,187.80
44 LED Lighting (Commercial) Buildings and Cities 5.04 $-205.05 $1,089.63
45 Building Automation Buildings and Cities 4.62 $68.12 $880.55
46 Water Saving - Home Materials 4.61 $72.44 $1,800.12
47 Bioplastic Materials 4.30 $19.15 N/A
48 In-Stream Hydro Electricity Generation 4.00 $202.53 $568.36
49 Cars Transport 4.00 $-598.69 $1,761.72
50 Cogeneration Electricity Generation 3.97 $279.25 $566.93
51 Perennial Biomass Land Use 3.33 $77.94 $541.89
52 Coastal Wetlands Land Use 3.19 N/A N/A
53 System of Rice Intensification Food 3.13 N/A $677.83
54 Walkable Cities Buildings and Cities 2.92 N/A $3,278.24
55 Household Recycling Materials 2.77 $366.92 $71.13
56 Industrial Recycling Materials 2.77 $366.92 $71.13
57 Smart Thermostats Buildings and Cities 2.62 $74.16 $640.10
58 Landfill Methane Buildings and Cities 2.50 $-1.82 $67.57
59 Bike Infrastructure Buildings and Cities 2.31 $-2,026.97 $400.47
60 Composting Food 2.28 $-63.72 $-60.82
61 Smart Glass Buildings and Cities 2.19 $932.30 $325.10
62 Women Smallholders Women and Girls 2.06 N/A $87.60
63 Telepresence Transport 1.99 $127.72 $1,310.59
64 Methane Digesters (Small) Electricity Generation 1.90 $15.50 $13.90
65 Nutrient Management Food 1.81 N/A $102.32
66 High-speed Rail Transport 1.52 $1,038.42 $368.10
67 Farmland Irrigation Food 1.33 $216.16 $429.67
68 Waste-to-Energy Electricity Generation 1.10 $36.00 $19.82
69 Electric Bikes Transport 0.96 $106.75 $226.07
70 Recycled Paper Materials 0.90 $573.48 N/A
71 Water Distribution Buildings and Cities 0.87 $137.37 $903.11
72 Biochar Food 0.81 N/A N/A
73 Green Roofs Buildings and Cities 0.77 $1,393.29 $988.46
74 Trains Transport 0.52 $808.64 $313.86
75 Ridesharing Transport 0.32 N/A $185.56
76 Micro Wind Electricity Generation 0.20 $36.12 $19.90
77 Energy Storage (Distributed) Electricity Generation N/A N/A N/A
77 Energy Storage (Utilities) Electricity Generation N/A N/A N/A
77 Grid Flexibility Electricity Generation N/A N/A N/A
78 Microgrids Electricity Generation N/A N/A N/A
79 Net Zero Buildings Buildings and Cities N/A N/A N/A
80 Retrofitting Buildings and Cities N/A N/A N/A