Brazil's new leader promised to exploit the Amazon—but can he?, asked The National Geopgraphic a year ago after an international outcry. Obviously he does, tries more and goes further. Therefore he must be stopped now with more serious means. It is outright Genocide and Ecocide what Bolsonaro promotes. Just withdrawig some well-meaning and needed funding doesn't help against such rogue elements.
BTW: The Brazilian NATO-trained cyber-warfare unit and Bolsonaro's CIA friends are now engaging in attacks against websites critical of Bolsonaro. Ethics of Conquistadores and Yankees combined are a deadly mix. Roque Brazilian ISPs like Rede Brasileira de Comunicacao Ltda, BALSAS NET LTDA, ICENET TELECOMUNICACOES LTDA - ME, CRICCA COMERCIAL LTDA, or MIRAGENET TELECOMUNICACOES LTDA are providing attack IPs, but also Chinese and USAmerican ISPs are allowing the attack bots, set up by paid, immoral, low-live black-hat hackers - among them even one Brit hiding in Germany. Bad Karma will get to them.
"In an interesting twist the heir of Spanish Conquistadores-genes Jair "Messias" Bolsonaro accused now French president Macron of being a colonialists, because the host of th Paris climate talks spoke out against the devastation of the Amazon forest by stating that "the house is on fire" - to which Bolsonaro launched a protest, because Macron would interefere in internal affairs of Brazilia. Bolsonaro is clearly out of his mind, because the negative impact of th Amazon destruction that Bolsonaro pushes are international and NOT internal affairs. Well, colonialists might easily recognize each other, but in the case of the Amazon Bolsonaro is the culprit, who represents the 30% of Brazilians, who are all part of the ruthless Taker Society. The majority wants to protect the Amazon and nature in Brazil in general, but they are oppressed by a few rich conclomerates and the military. That must change."
Bolsonaro criticizes Norway after funding stop
“Norway has nothing to teach us,” says Brazil’s President Jair Bolsonaro after the Norwegian decision to withdraw support for the preservation of the Amazon.
Deforestation in the Brazilian part of the Amazon has risen sharply after strongly right-wing Bolsonaro took over as president.
In addition, the Norwegian government believes that Brazil has breached parts of the agreement that form the basis for cooperation with Norway on the conservation of the rainforest. Norway is, therefore, holding back NOK 300 million which Brazil was expected to receive.
The decision was announced on Thursday, 15. August 2019, and shortly thereafter Bolsonaro came out with harsh criticism of Norway. Brazilian media quoted their president as saying:
“Norway, isn’t it the country that kills whales at the North Pole? Who mines oil there? They have nothing to teach us,” Bolsonaro said. Norway has meanwhile rebuffed to Bolsonaro's false claim and stated that the Brazilian obviously doesn't even know that the Faroe Islands are not Norwegian but Denmark-administered.
He also grumbled with Germany, which, like Norway, had before the German withdrawel provided Brazil with financial support for the protection of the rainforest.
“Take the money and help Angela Merkel with planting forests in Germany,” said the Brazilian who is still president despite mass-protests against his governance.
The Norwegian-Brazilian cooperation on the preservation of the Amazon has been going on for over ten years. Deforestation in the rainforest areas leads to large emissions of greenhouse gases as well as loss of animal and plant species.
Bolsonaro: "Brazil doesn’t need Germany’s biodiversity funds"
“The country doesn’t need this,” the far-right president known for his ties to agribusiness told reporters about a possible loss of German funding in Brazil’s vast Amazon rainforest.
Citing Environment Minister Svenja Schulze, German daily Tagesspiegel reported Saturday the government planned to stop sending money to a country that is not fully committed to curbing deforestation in the Amazon. According to Tagesspiegel, the ministry is planning to initially freeze some 35 million euros ($39.6 million).
Among the projects that could suffer is the Amazon Fund, created in 2008 to receive donations to help prevent, monitor and combat deforestation in the Amazon. Germany is one of the fund’s three main contributors, along with Norway — the fund’s top contributor— and Brazilian state oil giant Petrobras.
The Bolsonaro administration has questioned the efficiency of the Amazon Fund and pushed for an internal overhaul, threatening to lose funding from Norway and Germany.
Bolsonaro and his new environment minister have also questioned official numbers on deforestation rates in the Amazon published by the National Institute for Space Research, leading to the departure of the institute’s president.
COMMENT: Great, many say, then the German environmental funding can be used for more deserving countries and peoples - but unfortunately the problem with German bilateral agreements actually is that agreed funding for a specific country can not just be withheld and given to others. That is a big flaw in the system and needs to be urgently changed, so that the will of the German taxpayer, who pays for all this, can be reflected better and no longer "aid" for Indigenous peoples and nature is mixed up or disappears in "economic cooperation" with a rogue government.
Amazon deforestation prompts Germany to suspend Brazil forest projects
Germany plans to stop supporting forest and biodiversity projects in Brazil, the German environment minister told Tagesspiegel. Deforestation in Brazil has surged since Jair Bolsonaro became president, she said.
Germany said Saturday it would suspend aid to Brazil aimed at helping protect the Amazon forest in
light of the stark increase in rainforest clearings since President Jair Bolsonaro took office.
"The policy of the Brazilian government in the Amazon raises doubts as to whether a consistent reduction of deforestation rates is still being pursued," German Environment Minister Svenja Schulze told Saturday's edition of the Berlin daily Tagesspiegel.
Initially the amount that will be stopped is around €35 million ($39.5 million), the newspaper reported.
Brazil is home to more than 60% of the Amazon forest, which is being cleared at an increasing rate to create more cropland.
'No need' for German Amazon aid: Brazil's Bolsonaro
President Jair Bolsonaro has dismissed the importance of German funding for forest and biodiversity projects in Brazil. "They can use this money as they see fit. Brazil doesn't need it," he said.
Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro has said his country has "no need" for German money aimed at supporting conservation projects in Brazil. "They can use this money as they see fit. Brazil doesn't need it," Bolsonaro told journalists in Brasilia on Sunday.
His comments come after German media reported that Berlin was considering withdrawing the funding.
Quoting Environment Minister Svenja Schulze, German daily Tagesspiegel reported Saturday that the German government was planning to stop sending money to a country that is not fully committed to curbing deforestation in the Amazon rainforest. Brazilian media outlets reported that Germany had decided to suspend €35 million ($39 million) in funds.
Brazil is home to more than 60% of the Amazon rainforest, which is being cleared at an increasing rate to create more cropland. The Amazon is vital to the exchange of oxygen for carbon dioxide in the atmosphere — an important check on global warming.
But concern about the forest has grown since Bolsonaro took office in January.
The move to suspend the funding reflects "great concerns with an increasing deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon," the German embassy in Brazil told the Folha de S.Paulo newspaper on Saturday.
According to O Globo newspaper, the decision concerns only funds for new projects financed by the Ministry of Environment.
Amazon rainforest under attack
Spike in deforestation
Brazil's national space research agency said Tuesday that roughly 2,254 square kilometers (870 square miles) of the Amazon were cleared in July, a spike of 278% from a year earlier. But the Brazilian government has claimed the data is unreliable and misleading.
"The policy of the Brazilian government in the Amazon raises doubts as to whether a consistent reduction of deforestation rates is still being pursued," Germany's Schulze told Tagesspiegel.
Bolsonaro doesn't intend to designate any further conservation areas in the forest, and has instead pledged to allow more clearances and make more economic use of the Amazon region. The former military officer has also scorned any advice from abroad.
Germany, nonetheless, plans to continue supporting the Amazon Fund, which was created in 2008 to receive donations to help prevent, monitor and combat deforestation in the Amazon. Germany is one of the fund's three main contributors.
The Bolsonaro administration, which maintains close ties to the agribusiness sector, has questioned the efficiency of the Amazon Fund.
Fighting illegal logging in the Amazon
Tropical rainforest in the Amazon covers almost twice as much land as India. Three-quarters of it is located in Brazil. These green lungs of the Earth are threatened by illegal logging and mining.
Germany plans to stop supporting forest and biodiversity projects in Brazil, the German environment minister told Tagesspiegel. Deforestation in Brazil has surged since Jair Bolsonaro became president, she said. (10.08.2019)
Brazil's president suggested Germany's love for coal disqualified it from lecturing Brazil about the deforestation of the Amazon. Angela Merkel said she would "talk straight" with him about the destruction. (27.06.2019)
A DW column that accused Brazil of turning its landscape into "an inferno" has infuriated the country's environment minister. He said the description should instead be applied to Nazi Germany's mass murder of Jews. (07.03.2019)
The Amazon rainforest absorbs about 2 billion tons of carbon dioxide per year. Agents at the Brazilian environment institute are trying to protect the green lungs of the Earth - but money shortages threaten their work. (01.12.2016)
Audios and videos on the topic
- Date 11.08.2019
- Related Subjects Germany, Amazon, Environment, Deforestation, Brazil, Jair Bolsonaro
- Keywords Brazil, Germany, Amazon, deforestation, Jair Bolsonaro, environment
- Feedback: Send us your feedback.
- Print Print this page
- Permalink https://p.dw.com/p/3NkNy
Germany plans to stop supporting forest and biodiversity projects in Brazil, the German environment minister told Tagesspiegel. Deforestation in Brazil has surged since Jair Bolsonaro became president, she said.
A government institute at loggerheads with Brazil's President Jair Bolsonaro has called the massive increase a "major setback." The right-wing administration's pro-agrobusiness policies are to blame, the agency claims.
Since Jair Bolsonaro took office at the start of 2019, deforestation in the Amazon has jumped by 67%. Not far from the edge of the world's largest tropical rainforest sits the Xingu indigenous territory, home to immense biodiversity thanks to its well-preserved forest. But in the surrounding area, cropland is creeping closer.
Germany to suspend Amazon aid to Brazil
Amazon rainforest. Photo: Picture Alliance
By AFP - 11 August 2019
Germany said on Saturday it would suspend Brazilian aid aimed at helping protect the Amazon forest in light of data that showed deforestation had surged since President Jair Bolsonaro took office.
"Brazilian government policies in the Amazon raise doubts about continued, sustained declines in the rate of deforestation," Environment Minister Svenja Schulze told the television news show Tagesspiegel.
It said a first step would be to block payment of €35 million euros for forest conservation and biodiversity programmes until the rate of decline attained encouraging levels once again.
From 2008 until this year, Berlin has paid €95 million in support of various environmental protection programmes in Brazil.
Germany nonetheless plans to continue supporting the Amazon Fund, a forest preservation initiative created in 2008.
Norway, which has contributed the most to the fund, has threatened to withdraw, and said last year that payments to Brazil would be cut in half and might be eliminated altogether.
Concern about the forest has grown since Bolsonaro took office in January.
Brazil is home to more than 60 percent of the Amazon forest, which is being cleared at an increasing rate to create more cropland.
The National Institute for Space Research (INPE) said this week that roughly 2,254 square kilometres of the Amazon were cleared in July, a spike of 278 percent from a year earlier.
A week before the numbers were released, INPE chief Ricardo Galvao was fired, and Environment Minister Ricardo Salles charged that INPE data was published in a way that satisfied "sensationalist interpretations" and was aimed at getting "more donations from foreign NGOs".
Save the Amazon From Bolsonaro
The future of the rain forest depends on an economy that revolves around its conservation.
By Heriberto Araújo - NYT
Mr. Araújo is a journalist working on a book on violence in the Amazon.
SÃO PAULO, Brazil — President Jair Bolsonaro of Brazil poses the single greatest threat to the fragile equilibrium of the Amazon rain forest since the country was ruled by a military dictatorship.
Last week, the summary of a report by the United Nations, which will be published in full later this year, concluded that activities like farming, logging, poaching, fishing and mining are altering the natural world at a rate “unprecedented in human history.” And yet Mr. Bolsonaro aims to open up the rain forest — which has already lost 20 percent of its cover — to new development.
Mr. Bolsonaro has referred to indigenous people living in reservations as zoo animals, and promised that indigenous communities would not get “one more centimeter” of protected land. Days after assuming the presidency, Mr. Bolsonaro fired Luciano de Meneses Evaristo, the widely respected director of Brazil’s agency for environmental protection who reduced Amazonian deforestation to record levels during his nine years in office.
Since then, Mr. Bolsonaro has given free rein to illegal loggers, clandestine gold miners and criminals who masquerade as meat and soybean producers, occupying protected lands. Mr. Bolsonaro and his new environment minister, Ricardo Salles, who considers climate change a “secondary issue,” have weakened institutions that fight deforestation. Twenty top officials from the Ministry of Environment have been replaced with army officers or military police officers with little, if any, experience of combating deforestation.
In a joint letter last week, eight former environment ministers warned, “We are facing a real risk of uncontrolled deforestation in the Amazon,” adding that Mr. Bolsonaro’s policies are “compromising the country's image and international credibility.”
We have been here before. The dictatorship — which ruled the country from 1964-85, and for which Mr. Bolsonaro declares himself nostalgic despite the serious abuses it committed — radically transformed the rain forest by building thousands of kilometers of roads, encouraging mass migration, and promoting environmental destruction for agricultural purposes.
As Brazil faces the effects of economic paralysis, the great temptation for the populist president is to attempt to reverse this dynamic by taking advantage of the Amazon’s riches. But the consequences of Mr. Bolsonaro’s policies are already evident. Satellite data shows that deforestation has grown steadily since his victory in October. In the first month after his election, deforestation increased more than 400 percent, compared to the previous year.
But this is not just about the environment. With more than $100 billion in agricultural exports in 2018, Brazil aspires to capitalize on the world’s growing demand for food. Mr. Bolsonaro’s campaign promises to withdraw from the Paris Agreement and develop the “unproductive Amazon,” including opening up large swaths of forests to agricultural land, could also thwart his economic agenda. President Emmanuel Macron of France has threatened to block a free-trade agreement between the European Union and Mercosur, the South American trade bloc.
This economic model, now embraced by Mr. Bolsonaro, proved foolhardy in the past: It simply does not stimulate prosperity in the long term. Despite decades of resource extraction, 32 of the 50 municipalities with the lowest levels of development nationwide are in the Amazon. And of the more than 45,000 workers — who were employed under conditions of modern slavery — rescued by the authorities between 2003 and 2018, more than 10,000 were found in the Amazon state of Pará.
A partial explanation is that during the region’s exploitation, promoted by the dictatorship, there was no lasting, sustainable development plan, nor was the rule of law truly implemented. Frequently, pillaging of resources prevailed, Wild West-style, and it continues to do so today.
The Brazilian Amazon, which Global Witness declared the most dangerous place in the world for environmental activists, has had a worrisome increase in murders linked to the control of agricultural borders. During my two and a half years of research in the Amazon, I have seen such violence in many regions. Hit men, sometimes hired by large landowners, kill those opposed to replacing the forest with single-crop farming.
Destroying the Amazon to stimulate the economy in the short term, as Mr. Bolsonaro proposes, will only displace more small farmers, nut gatherers and fishermen toward the peripheries of cities such as Manaus or Belém, where the favelas grow day by day. In these impoverished areas, vulnerable populations run the risk of falling into the hands of criminal organizations that have turned the Amazon into a dangerous cocaine-trafficking corridor.
It’s not a coincidence that the homicide rate in Brazil has bifurcated over the last decade. While in the states of Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo, it fell by 18.1 and 41.9 percent, in the Amazonian states it grew by 89 percent, according to a large-scale study.
Mr. Bolsonaro’s government must radically change its plans for the Amazon. It must heed civil society, indigenous groups and scientists who propose projects that generate wealth without destroying the forest or causing disorderly exoduses to the city. Given the biodiversity of the world’s largest tropical forest, the possibilities are endless.
The good news is that Brazil does not need to continue expanding its agricultural frontiers — productivity can be sufficiently improved through investment and technology. For instance, açaí berries, which come from the açaí palm and are considered a super fruit, have conquered world markets. Traditionally and ecologically harvested, their collection employs tens of thousands of people and generates hundreds of millions of dollars.
The international community must also play a key, active role. The Amazon is the Earth’s patrimony and its destruction will impact us all. Within the framework of climate agreements, Brazil should receive generous funds from developed nations in exchange for preserving the Amazon; it already receives large donations from Norway and, to a lesser extent, Germany. For the rain forest to survive, the country needs an economy that revolves around its conservation instead of its destruction.
Read more on the Amazon
Heriberto Araújo, a journalist and the author of “China’s Silent Army,” is working on a book about violence in the Amazon. This article was translated by Erin Goodman from the Spanish.
Brazil's Amazon rainforest is burning at a record rate, research center says
By Jessie Yeung and Abel Alvarado, CNN - Updated August 22, 2019
(CNN) Fires are raging at a record rate in Brazil's Amazon rainforest, and scientists warn that it could strike a devastating blow to the fight against climate change.
The fires are burning at the highest rate since the country's space research center, the National Institute for Space Research (known by the abbreviation INPE), began tracking them in 2013, the center said Tuesday.
There have been 72,843 fires in Brazil this year, with more than half in the Amazon region, INPE said. That's more than an 80% increase compared with the same period last year.
The Amazon is often referred to as the planet's lungs, producing 20% of the oxygen in the Earth's atmosphere.
It is considered vital in slowing global warming, and it is home to uncountable species of fauna and flora. Roughly half the size of the United States, it is the largest rainforest on the planet.
🌎Just a little alert to the world: the sky randomly turned dark today in São Paulo, and meteorologists believe it's smoke from the fires burning *thousands* of kilometers away, in Rondônia or Paraguay. Imagine how much has to be burning to create that much smoke(!). SOS🌎 pic.twitter.com/P1DrCzQO6x— Shannon Sims (@shannongsims) August 20, 2019
Dramatic images and videos on social media show giant plumes of smoke rising from the greenery and lines of fire leaving blackened waste in their wake.
The smoke has reached all the way to Sao Paulo, more than 1,700 miles away. Images from the city show the sky pitch-black in the middle of the afternoon, the sun blanketed by smoke and ash.
The European Union's satellite program, Copernicus, released a map showing smoke from the fires spreading all along Brazil to the east Atlantic coast. The smoke has covered nearly half of the country and is even spilling over into neighboring Peru, Bolivia and Paraguay.
From the other side of Earth, here's the latest on the Amazonia fires 🌳— WMO | OMM (@WMO) August 20, 2019
Produced by @CopernicusEU's atmosphere monitoring service, it shows the smoke reaching the Atlantic coast and São Paulo 🇧🇷
DATA HERE▶️https://t.co/Q6qzFdPfIT pic.twitter.com/aJKU2YwRpJ
The Amazon River stretches across several of these South American countries, but the majority -- more than two-thirds -- of the rainforest lies in Brazil.
According to INPE, more than 1½ soccer fields of Amazon rainforest are being destroyed every minute of every day.
People worldwide are sharing their horror on social media. Fans of the K-Pop band BTS, who call themselves the Army, are even rallying on Twitter to spread word of the fires, with tens of thousands of people tweeting the hashtag #ArmyHelpThePlanet.
Activists blame Brazil's president
Environmental groups have long been campaigning to save the Amazon, blaming Brazil's far-right president, Jair Bolsonaro, for the endangerment of the vital rainforest. They accuse him of relaxing environmental controls in the country and encouraging deforestation.
Bolsonaro's environmental policies have been controversial from the start. A former army captain, he made campaign promises to restore the economy by exploring the Amazon's economic potential.
Just weeks ago, the director of INPE was fired after a spat with the president; the director had defended satellite data that showed deforestation was 88% higher in June than a year earlier, and Bolsonaro called the findings "lies."
Bolsonaro also criticized the agency's deforestation warnings as harmful for trade negotiations, according to the Agencia Brasil news agency.
Bolsonaro's pro-business stance may have emboldened loggers, farmers and miners to seize control of a growing area of Amazon land, Carlos Rittl, executive secretary of the environmental nonprofit organization Observatorio do Clima (Climate Observatory), told CNN en Español last month.
Budget cuts and federal interference are making it even easier for people to exploit the rainforest. Brazil's environmental enforcement agency has seen its budget cut by $23 million, and official data sent to CNN by Observatorio do Clima shows the enforcement agency's operations have gone down since Bolsonaro was sworn in.
On Wednesday, Bolsonaro said that the recent wave of fires in the Amazon may have been caused by nongovernmental organizations in order to draw international criticism to his government.
"Crime exists, and we need to make sure that this type of crime does not increase. We took money away from the NGOs," he said.
"They are now feeling the pinch from the lack of funding. So, maybe the NGO types are conducting these criminal acts in order to generate negative attention against me and against the Brazilian government. This is the war we are facing."
In July, Greenpeace called Bolsonaro and his government a "threat to the climate equilibrium" and warned that in the long run, his policies would bear a "heavy cost" for the Brazilian economy.
Environmental activists and organizations like the World Wildlife Fund warn that if the Amazon reaches a point of no return, the rainforest could become a dry savannah, no longer habitable for much of its wildlife. If this happens, instead of being a source of oxygen, it could start emitting carbon -- the major driver of climate change.
Norway had already signalled earlier aid withdrawal from Brazil over Amazon Forest destruction: Norway issues $1bn threat to Brazil over rising Amazon destruction