Print

UPDATE 26. June 2021: GENOCIDE: 751 More Bodies Found at Canadian Indigenous Re-Ed School + Two more Catholic churches burn down on Indigenous land

UPDATE 10. June 2021: CROWN/VATICAN ADMITS CRIME – STAND WITH US OR LEAVE - Audio

UPDATE 09. June 2021: Why the Pope's lack of apology over church's role in residential schools was no surprise to Vatican observers - Liability concerns and paralysis over how to deal with issue of abuse cited as reason

UPDATE 07. June 2021: Statue toppled as Pope fails to apologise over 215 Indigenous children found dead in catholic school in Canada

UPDATE 31. May 2021: Indigenous leaders, experts call for protection of sites of former residential schools

UPDATE 29. May 2021: Work underway for forensic experts to identify, repatriate children's remains from B.C. residential school

UPDATE 27. May 2021: Remains of 215 children found buried at former B.C. residential school, First Nation says

Missing and murdered: Canada's genocide cover-up

Debwe, led by Mushkiiki Nibi Kwe (Lindsey Lickers) with artists Leah Roberts, Maybella King Reynolds, and Shaneixqui Brown, forms part of the art installation Red Embers dedicated to Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls.

Canada’s denial of race-based genocide has allowed systemic violence against Indigenous women and girls in particular to continue in plain sight. The only question now should be what is Canada going to do about it?

By

It’s no longer up for debate. Canada is guilty of genocide.

The National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls has found that Canada has and continues to engage in “race-based genocide.” 

The inquiry called to investigate the circumstances surrounding the murder and disappearance of an estimated 1,200 Indigenous women and girls came to its conclusion after hearing from their family members, survivors of violence and expert witnesses, as well as conducting its own independent research. 

This was not an academic exercise nor a political tactic, as some pundits in the mainstream press have suggested. The finding that Canada is guilty of genocide is based firmly on the evidence and law. 

Canadians should not be shocked.

This is not the first time an inquiry or commission has come to this conclusion. The Truth and Reconciliation Commission into Indian residential schools also found Canada guilty of genocide – cultural, physical and biological. 

Canada is at a crossroads. Yes, an admission of genocide will have political and legal consequences, but that is a small price to pay. 

False comparisons to the Holocaust

Canada’s political leaders have long professed a commitment to human rights and Indigenous rights at home and on the international stage. Yet the national inquiry found that it is Canada’s very breach of those rights that have led to genocide.

Various prime ministers have called out grave human rights violations and genocides committed by other states – and rightly so.

Unfortunately, the response of many politicians, journalists and armchair critics to the inquiry’s findings has amounted to denial – and that is precisely how genocide is allowed to continue in plain sight.

Much of the debate among media commentators has focused on false comparisons to the Holocaust. In their minds, if millions did not die within a short time, then it simply cannot be called a genocide.

But in law, the Holocaust is not the standard of what constitutes a genocide. 

The Holocaust is one of the worst examples of genocide, but not the only way in a which a systemic, state-sponsored genocide can occur.

Both international law and the United Nations Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide define genocide as a crime that can occur in a variety of forms, and which may or may not involve the mass killing of a targeted group.

The definition of genocide in Article II of the Convention includes killing members of a national, racial or ethnic group – like Indigenous peoples. The definition also covers other acts: causing serious bodily or mental harm; creating the conditions of life to bring about the destruction of a group; preventing births in a group; and the forced transfer of children from the group. 

A state need only commit one of these acts to be guilty of genocide. Sadly, Canada is guilty on all these fronts when it comes to its treatment of Indigenous peoples. 

Canada's genocidal past and present

Pre- and post-Confederation governments have engaged in the targeted elimination, dispossession, oppression and violence against Indigenous peoples. 

Canadian governments used premeditated acts like the mass distribution of smallpox-infested blankets and placing bounties on scalps to kill off Indigenous peoples. They engaged in policies aimed at starving Indigenous peoples to death to clear the prairies for settlement.

Canadian governments have also engaged in covering up the disproportionate number of deaths of Indigenous peoples in police custody and the over-incarceration of Indigenous peoples to keep them locked up and out of sight. 

These acts represent both Canada’s genocidal past and present. 

But the unique way in which racism, sexism and misogyny combined with Canada’s Euro-centric white supremacy and colonization objectives targeted Indigenous women and girls in particular. 

The very first national police force, the Northwest Mounted Police, worked with Indian agents to withhold food rations for reserve communities in order to extort sex from young Indigenous girls. Indigenous women and girls were targeted for forced sterilizations.

Many of the priests and nuns in residential schools raped, tortured, abused, starved and medically experimented on Indigenous boys and girls. Thousands died as a result under Canada’s “final solution” Indian policy, as Duncan Campbell Scott, the deputy superintendent of Indian Affairs from 1913 to 1932, referred to it. 

The Indian Act was also designed to create a legal definition of Indian that would result in the legislative extinction of Indians over time, by targeting Indian women and children for expulsion from their First Nations.

Racism-infected legal and political systems

Fast forward to today, where Canada’s legal, political and social systems continue to be infected with racism against Indigenous women and girls. 

Human Rights Watch, for example, has documented numerous reports of RCMP officers raping and beating Indigenous women and girls with impunity. Police officers in Quebec have been investigated for driving Indigenous women out of town and sexually assaulting them. Doctors are still being accused of forced and coerced sterilizations of Indigenous women while social workers steal thousands of babies from Indigenous mothers and put them in foster care. 

Incredibly, after 140 years, the Indian Act still targets Indigenous women and their descendants from exclusion from Indian status, membership in their communities, participating in the leadership and governance of their First Nations and from accessing critical human services like food, water and housing.

The only question now should be what will Canada do next? 

Prime Minister Justin Trudeau has an opportunity to set the example for the rest of the world by stepping up, accepting responsibility and taking urgent action to address this national crisis. 

For this genocide, Canada doesn’t need to send troops to a developing country, or work with allies to defend against a dangerous dictator. It needs to turn its resources inward and work on a national action plan in partnership with Indigenous governments and led by Indigenous women. 

That is the response required of Canada right now. Anything less will render Canada an outlaw state deserving of international intervention.

(*) Pamela Palmater is a Mi’kmaw citizen member of Eel River Bar First Nation. She has been practising Indigenous law for 19 years and is currently an associate professor and the Chair in Indigenous Governance at Ryerson University.

@nowtoronto

===

UPDATES: 

751 More Bodies Found at Canadian Indigenous Re-Ed School

 
Published by RT on 26 Jun 2021
 
The UN is pushed to 'investigate crimes against indigenous people' in Canada after another 751 'unmarked graves' were found on the grounds of a former residential school. The chief of one local 'First Nations' group told RT ' they had faced genocide for several generations'.
 
The "UN", however, is absolutely not qualified to deliver an independent investigation and unbiased report (as we recently saw with the WHO report on the Wuhan lab origin of SARS-CoV-2. It is suggested to outsource the job as a commissioned work by the ICC.
 
FULL RT NEWS REPORT:

---

 

Canadian Genocide, 215 Kids Found Buried in Indigenous ReEd Schoolshttps://www.bitchute.com/video/J4bxUy1PtCAI/

===

 

 

 

 

 

PROLOGUE: We will most likely see more of these well-insured but COVID-impoverished churches go up in flames - blaming "outraged Indigenous people" - or as the settler Canadians call them "Indians".

Two more Catholic churches burn down on Indigenous land

This comes just days after two other churches were burned down in BC.

Two more Catholic churches burn down on Indigenous land
By Tiffany Crawford & Angelo Isidorou - 26. June 2021
 

Two more Catholic churches have burned down in British Columbia. Both churches were on Indigenous land and were discovered early Saturday.

According to the National Post, these two churches are located in the Similkameen Valley and are destroyed just days after two other churches were burned down in the southern Okanagan.

Chief Keith Crow, of the Lower Similkameen Indigenous people, said St. Ann’s Church on the Chuchuwayha reserve in Hedley and the Lower Similkameen church, the Chopaka Church, were destroyed by fire at about 4 a.m. He also remarked the fire was suspicious and possibly linked to the other two churches.

Also similarly to the other two churches, the fires were almost simultaneous and in the middle of the night. RCMP responded at 4 am to St. Ann’s Catholic Church, while the Keremeos RCMP responded at 4:45 am about the Chopaka Catholic Church on the Lower Similkameen Native peoples' land.

Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) circulated:

Police are asking for anyone who may have witnessed anyone or any vehicle in the area of either church in the early hours of Saturday to contact the Penticton RCMP Detachment at 250-492-4300.

===

PROLOGUE: The settler governance of Kanata and their mainstream media and many citizens still have a long way to go, since they address the Native people still as "Indians"

CROWN/VATICAN ADMITS CRIME – STAND WITH US OR LEAVE

Audio

By MNN - 

Spread the love

Please post and circulate.

MNN. JUNE 10, 2021.

AUDIO:

TO: THE PEOPLE OF CANADA; the VATICAN, His Holiness Pope Francis, Vatican City State, 00120; The CROWN, Royal Communications Office, Buckingham Palace, London, SW1A 1AA; THE CORPORATION OF THE GOVERNMENT OF CANADA, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, House of Commons, Ottawa K1A 0H4; The CORPORATION OF THE GOVERNMENT OF UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, President Joe Biden, 1600 Pennsylvania Ave. NW, Washington DC; and the UNITED NATIONS INC., 760 United Nations Plaza, New York 10017:

Sekhon:

The  Crown is a criminal organization. Saying ‘sorry’ for murdering 150 million indigenous in the Western Hemisphere does not cut it. It is in fact a guilty plea to the crimes of genocide and terrorism. The laws of turtle island are the kainerekowa and teiohateh from the beginning of time. They supersede the Admiralty Court system which is the Law of the Seas.

Now Mr. Trudeau the puppeteer is sending his puppets, Perry Bellegarde and David Chartrand, to put on a show for Canada at the Vatican. 

They are traitors who are agents of the government and do not represent the indigenous people.

In 902 AD the Roman Empire split into East and West. The world’s first Corporation, the Crown, was formed with its address at the Vatican in Rome. Christianity was rewritten. They removed all the chapters where no usury [money lending] was allowed. This new version was called ‘Roman Catholicism’, the bankers version of christianity. The Pope then gave Switzerland to the Knights Templar to do the banking of the Vatican. To this day the Templar Cross is the flag of Switzerland.

The Pope is the Emperor of the Western Roman  Empire. After the split the true  Emperors of Rome became the Tzars of Russia. According to the Roman Empire “Papal Bulls” the WEST claims ownership of the “new world”. The Pope decreed that all humans that were non christian were called “heathens”. He further decreed that all heathen lands, west of Europe, were the property of the Crown because god gave it to them. Christianity is nothing more than a bank.

The Black Pope in Venice controls all the Corporations registered in the Western empire by issuing their ISO numbers [banking number] from the Vatican. The Residential Schools were death camps set up by the churches on behalf of the Corporation and are co-conspirators therewith. Pope Francis recently confessed to the crimes of murder and genocide in Argentina where he was a Cardinal. He also apologized to the natives of Bolivia for the genocide.

We are in the prophetic time of the black serpent. The Pope confesses the crimes were carried out in the name of the Christian god, because nobody can charge god in their Admiralty court system. According to the kaianerekowa, the great peace, the only legal sentence for their crimes of genocide and murder is dissolution. 

“Sorry” means they have no fight with us. We are ready for the return of the sky world. Dekanawida said, “There will be a bright light many times brighter than the sun coming from the east. The black serpent will see the light and be fearful and swim south never to be seen again by the onkwehonweh. The red serpent will see the light, be fearful and crawl north and leave a snaily trail behind never to be seen again by the onkwehonweh. The white serpent  will see the light, part of his tail will break off and crawl to the hilly country to heal with the onkwehonweh. The rest will make a feeble attempt to swim toward the light. The light will be the return of sky world as the second sun in the sky. This time we shall have world peace.

[Sing the Revised ANTHEM OF CANADA https://mohawknationnews.com/blog/2019/12/14/canajon-the-revised-anthem/]

The corporations came to turtle island with a mission of unending rape, pillage, murder and terrorism. As they decreed that heathens are not humans, the perpetrators cannot be charged with murder or any crime against heathens.

The US government is supposed to be based on separation of church and state. The Crown is a convenient way for all these corporations to commit their horrific crimes of genocide and terror with the blessing of the Catholic Church.  The Corporation of the Government of CANADA number is ISO #1366-2:CA July 2, 1867. The other genocider on turtle island is The Government of the UNITED STATES OF AMERICA ISO 3166-2:US July 4, 1867.

For 500 years the Cana’jon [squatters on turtle island] have been complicit as they have done nothing to stop the genocide and benefitted from the biggest holocaust in all humanity. All the governments involved are private businesses registered at the Vatican. The murders in Canada are ongoing. There is no statute of limitations for genocide and murder. They will be tried under kaianerekowa, the law of onowarekeh. Trudeau is the president of the corporation in Canada. Biden is the president of the corporation in the United States. Trudeau admits his government is guilty. No one has been punished. He has demanded the church pay for reparation though Canada was part of it.

The crimes are finally being exposed to the world, breaking Church doctrine that requires forgiveness and secrecy of all sin. Trudeau and the Pope admitting genocide broke the doctrine. The principles of the kaianerekowa provides that all ISO Corporations are co-conspirators in the crimes and therefore must dissolve their existence on turtle island.    

The Empire of the City is: the first city state created was the Vatican; the second city state created by the Crown was the City of London; and the third city state created by the Crown was Washington DC. Their headquarters is the Vatican, their finance centre is the City of London; and their military centre is Washington, DC.  Canada, the United States and United Nations are all unwanted foreigners on turtle island. Their dissolution will occur under kaianerekowa.

The bankers, governors, premiers, prime ministers, officers, military commanders and business corporations of the 1 per centers ultimately report to the Crown and its shareholders. The ‘prime minister in his oath swears not to reveal any secrets and this is the greatest secret he was never to reveal. [link]

Kaianerekowa makes each one of us sovereign and that is our power.

The enforcers who maintain the power of the corporation report to the Pope who reports to the shareholders of the Crown. We want the list of shareholders who fraudulently claim turtle island.

We natural people since time immemorial are all part of the universe with the animals, plants, water, air, earth. The 215 bodies of native children and babies found behind the Kamloops Residential School death camp is the tip of the iceberg. More will be uncovered throughout turtle island. Every residential school has a similar horror story.

The Queen is a shareholder of the first corporation the CROWN. The CROWN gives orders to its Corporations from the top employees right down to the local cop, municipalities and Indian/tribal band councils. They swear allegiance to the Queen and her heirs and ancestors forever. 

We are charging the shareholders of the CROWN with genocide under kaianerekowa. They will all run the gauntelet. The remedy is for the women of the world to take their proper place with regard to the children and communities and the decision making process.

Canada is finished. Citizenry, join us or leave with Canada.

ON BEHALF OF THE THE CHILDREN OF THE PAST, PRESENT AND FUTURE,  OUR ANCESTORS AND DESCENDANTS OF ALL INDIGENOUS PEOPLE THROUGHOUT THE WORLD, WE DEMAND IMMEDIATE ACTION.  

karakwine, roti’nahton clan

kahentinetha, roti’skare:wake

kawenaa, roti’skare:wake 

Thahoketoteh sings

, “Everybody’s talking political corruption, all across the planet, exploitation and destruction . Our past generations resorted to solutions to overthrow aggression with war and dissolution. But the real revolution is spirit evolution. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rA9zBfGdCPA

MNN. MOHAWK NATION NEWS mohawknationnews.com, , PO Box 991, kahnawake [Quebec Canada] J0L 1B0

[https://america.aljazeera.com/articles/2015/7/9/at-mass-in-bolivia-pope-francis-urged-people-help-the-poor-and-hungry.html]

===

Why the Pope's lack of apology over church's role in residential schools was no surprise to Vatican observers

Liability concerns and paralysis over how to deal with issue of abuse cited as reason

By Megan Williams -

Pope Francis has expressed 'closeness to traumatized Canadians' over the discovery of what are believed to be the remains of an estimated 215 children buried on the grounds of a former Catholic-run residential school in Kamloops, B.C., but has not offered a formal apology for the church's role in operating many residential schools in Canada. (Domenico Stinellis/The Associated Press)

WARNING: This story contains distressing details.

When Pope Francis stood on his balcony overlooking St. Peter's Square on Sunday, he expressed "closeness to traumatized Canadians" over the discovery of what are believed to be the remains of an estimated 215 children buried on the grounds of a former Catholic-run residential school in Kamloops, B.C. 

Yet many Canadians reacted in anger and disappointment that among the phrases spoken by the Pope, the word "sorry" was not included.

Vatican observers, however, were far from surprised. They say the lack of a formal apology from both the Pope and Canadian bishops as a group reflects an ongoing paralysis within the Vatican hierarchy over how to deal with the issue of abuse, along with a Canadian Conference of Catholic Bishops that one observer has called "tragically inadequate," and liability concerns.

"[The Vatican hierarchy] are trying to convince themselves that they have done what they needed to do … and they spend 90 per cent of their capital in terms of authority and media in trying to stop the bleeding [of credibility]," said Massimo Faggioli, a Vatican observer and professor of historical theology at Villanova University in Pennsylvania. 

"But they don't understand that every single national or local case wants to have its own recognition and that the typology [of abuses] discovered in recent years, from the abuse of nuns to Kamloops, is far more complicated than the pedophile priest." 

This lack of understanding, say observers, led to tone-deaf responses.

WATCH | Former AFN national chief says full apology, records transparency needed:

 

Former AFN chief wants full apology from Pope Francis

Phil Fontaine, former national chief of the Assembly of First Nations and a residential school survivor, told CBC chief political correspondent Rosemary Barton that he strongly believes there should be an apology from the Pope and the Vatican for the Catholic Church's role in running many of Canada's residential schools. 9:40

Following the Pope's comments on Sunday, Cardinal Thomas Collins, the archbishop of Toronto, told CBC that more important than a papal visit to Canada and an apology was "the day-to-day work, quietly, gently" that he said the Catholic Church has been carrying out alongside Indigenous people since the Catholic order in charge of the largest number of the residential schools, the Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate, apologized in 1991. 

It's an interpretation of events many Indigenous people, still waiting for all the school archives to be shared, take issue with.

Cardinal Michael Czerny, along with the other Canadian cardinal living in Rome, Marc Ouellet, met with the Pope separately on Saturday, likely to discuss the discovery at the former Kamloops Indian Residential School, say observers.

Despite a renewed push for a formal apology after the Tk'emlúps te Secwépemc First Nation announced the discovery, Czerny said Francis's priority was to respond to "the pain, dismay and hurt" in Canada now. 

Further apologies not ruled out

While Czerny did not rule out further apologies, the cardinal said it was up to the Canadian bishops to address the issue first and insisted that Francis's blanket apology to the Indigenous peoples of the Americas made during a trip to Bolivia in 2015 covered Canada.

Still, Vatican observers say an apology from the Pope on Sunday in St. Peter's Square, with no Indigenous people from Canada present, would have risked sounding off-the-cuff. And, they say, they believe that Francis, who has called for a "healthy decentralization" of the global church, is pushing the Catholic Church in Canada to properly address the situation that concerns primarily it.

"I think he wants the Canadian bishops to take responsibility, to be accountable," said Iacopo Scaramuzzi, a Vatican expert and author of an upcoming book on sex and power abuse at the Vatican.

"Just 20 years ago, the Holy See was trying to convince Catholic politicians in Ireland to close these kinds of archives. Now you have a Pope pressing the local church to actually open the archives, which is a huge change in attitude, and in my opinion, the most important thing. Let the public know what happened." 

WATCH | Crown-Indigenous relations minister calls on Catholic Church to 'do better':

 

Government believes there are documents within the Catholic Church: Bennett

Minister of Crown-Indigenous Relations Carolyn Bennett told CBC's chief political correspondent, Rosemary Barton, that she believes there are still documents on residential schools that should be released by the Catholic Church and presented to the National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation. 9:34

But concerns of liability could also be behind the reluctance of the Canadian bishops conference to apologize, a view expressed by former senator Murray Sinclair, who chaired the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, and shared by Vatican experts.

"My fear is that they're listening to lawyers. And lawyers are telling them, if you [apologize], you will open a flood of lawsuits because you are implying that you are responsible," said Faggioli. 

"In my experience, whenever a clerical person in North America has to make a big decision, the first step is to ask lawyers. This is what I think is happening."

What about access to archives?

Experts say it's one thing taking legal action against the Catholic Church in Canada to gain access to archives, something Prime Minister Justin Trudeau hinted at last week, before stepping back from the suggestion. But it's entirely another thing trying to force the Vatican to release documents relating to the archives.  

Mario Caligiuri, a Rome-based lawyer for Rete Abuso, the Italian association of sex abuse victims of priests, said he is not aware of any cases in which the Vatican was legally obliged to release archives. 

WATCH | Cardinal says Trudeau's call on church to release records is "uninformed":

 

Cardinal says PM's calls for church to release residential school documents 'uninformed'

Archbishop of Toronto Cardinal Thomas Collins told CBC's chief political correspondent, Rosemary Barton, that Prime Minister Justin Trudeau's comments calling on the Catholic Church to release records from its former residential schools were extremely 'unhelpful' and 'uninformed.' 8:22

Given the Vatican is a separate sovereign state, a possible lawsuit to access documentation would be far from straightforward.

"If the Vatican has documents pertaining to the schools, it should share them with those who request to see them," Caligiuri said. "But I'm not aware of any legal principles that give the right to another state to access them."

The Vatican likely has correspondence between Canadian bishops, apostolic nuncios (Vatican diplomats) and the Vatican in its archive, but Scaramuzzi said the main archives for the schools will be in Canada, as they were in Ireland for the church-run penitentiary workhouses there, where systematic abuse against women occurred.

Papal ally's condemnation

While the pressure grows from Canada for the Pope to apologize and the Canadian church to fully co-operate, last week, the strongest condemnation from within the Catholic Church of its mishandling of its abuse crisis came from its highest ranks. A resignation letter was sent to the Pope by Cardinal Reinhard Marx, a leading figure in the German Catholic Church and one of Francis's strongest allies.

Marx, who is not accused of abuse, wrote that he was resigning as a way to take personal and institutional responsibility "for the catastrophe of the sexual abuse by church officials" and the "dead end" the Catholic Church finds itself in over their handling of the issue.

While Marx's letter was addressing the sex abuse crisis in Germany, observers say it shines a stark light on a Vatican hierarchy that remains woefully inadequate in its response to the crisis that has plagued it for decades in many countries — paralysed by fear that the calls for apologies for their past crimes and abuses will never end.

The shocking discovery in Kamloops, said Faggioli, is the latest.

"They don't know what else to do because the only thing that could assuage the anger would be for the Pope to go to Canada and apologize," he said.

"And you know what happens the day after they announce that? Australia and Africa and every place else wants an apology, too. So when do you stop? The problem is, as they see it, it's never enough."

---

Support is available for anyone affected by their experience at residential schools and those who are triggered by the latest reports.

A national Indian Residential School Crisis Line has been set up to provide support for former students and those affected. People can access emotional and crisis referral services by calling the 24-hour national crisis line: 1-866-925-4419.

AUTHOR:

Megan Williams - Rome correspondent

Rome correspondent Megan Williams has covered everything from Italian politics and migration to the Vatican and the Venice Biennale for almost two decades. Her award-winning documentaries can be heard on Ideas, The Current and other CBC shows. Megan is a regular guest host of As It Happens and The Current.

===

Statue toppled as Pope fails to apologise over 215 Indigenous children found dead in catholic school in Canada

By Josh Marcus - 07. June 2021

Demonstrators toppled a statue of Canadian public education official Egerton Ryerson in Toronto on Sunday in growing anger over the deaths of more than 200 children at one of his schools.

<p>A man waving the Mohawk Warrior Society flag stands on the pedestal of the toppled statue of Egerton Ryerson, one of the architects of indigenous boarding school system, in Toronto on June 6, 2021. </p> (AFP via Getty Images)

A man waving the Mohawk Warrior Society flag stands on the pedestal of the toppled statue of Egerton Ryerson, one of the architects of indigenous boarding school system, in Toronto on June 6, 2021. (AFP via Getty Images)

The remains of the 215 children were found in a mass, unmarked grave earlier this year at one of the so-called “residential schools” for native children he was instrumental in founding.

"The 215 children represent stories that our survivors have had for many decades, talking about children that never came home, children that were murdered, children that died through premature causes within the schools and who never received adequate burial,” Brianna Olson-Pitawanakwat, a residential school survivor, told the CBC on Sunday.

The statue, housed at Ryerson University, will not be restored or replaced, and the school is reportedly considering changing its name.

Ryerson was a 19th century Canadian education official who advocated for segregated schools for native, Black, and disabled people, which he called a necessary step in the “race of civilization,” part of the broader Canadian colonial project.

Meanwhile, more accurately, Canada’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission has called the residential schools for Indigenous youth, which ran until 1996, a form of “cultural genocide,” where at least 150,000 children were taken out of their homes and attended schools where they couldn’t speak their native languages and forced to convert to Christianity.

Children at these schools faced abuse, malnutrition, labour, rape, infectious disease, and serious mental health challenges including suicide.

At least 4,100 children died at these schools, which were run by the Roman Catholic Church, though that’s likely an undercount.

The Tk’emlúps te Secwépemc First Nation made the discovery of the remains at the former site of the Kamloops Indian Residential School public on 27 May, and community leaders, survivors, and activists have been pushing for a full apology from Catholic Church leadership, including the Pope, as well as the full release of records about the Canadian residential schools, neither of which has come.

Some regional Canadian church leaders have apologised, but the Pope stopped short of offering one himself, instead, broadcasting this messagefrom his studio in St Peter’s Square on Saturday.

"May the political and religious authorities of Canada continue to collaborate with determination to shed light on that sad story and humbly commit themselves to a path of reconciliation and healing”, he said.

This was not sufficient for the many victims and their families, for whom residential schools were part of the broader genocide of native peoples across North America.

“We’re all pained and saddened. Who isn’t? This is a worldwide travesty,” Chief of the Federation of Sovereign Indigenous Nations in Saskatchewan, Bobby Cameron, told Reuters. “How hard is it for the pope to say: ‘I’m very sorry for the way our organization treated the First Nations people, the First Nations students during those times, we are sorry, we pray.’"

The Canadian government, for its part, apologised for the abuses in 2008 and has paid out billions in settlements, and prime minster Justin Trudeau has called for records about the schools to be released.

Read More

Pope Francis voices ‘pain’ but no apology over deaths of 215 children at church-run boarding school

Trudeau admits mass grave containing 215 Indigenous children is ‘not an isolated issue’

===

WATCH | How to talk to children about residential schools:

https://thumbnails.cbc.ca/maven_legacy/thumbnails/646/186/_DSC9474_(2019_03_10_17_26_25_UTC).jpg?crop=1.777xh:h;*,*&downsize=1130px:*

Talking to kids is important because 'children know what's right'

 

VIDEO Hope for the future

Indigenous educator Rachel Misehene on why it's vital to have conversations with students about current events, including the discovery in Kamloops B.C., and ways we can move forward. 

Between 1831 and 1997, more than 150,000 First Nations, Métis and Inuit children were forced to attend residential schools, established and run by churches and Canadian governments to assimilate them to Eurocentric culture. Based on death records, more than 4,100 children died at residential schools. The National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation, however, says the true total is likely higher.

===

British Columbia

Indigenous leaders, experts call for protection of sites of former residential schools

Tk'emlúps te Secwépemc First Nation said remains of 215 children were found at unmarked site in Kamloops, B.C.

CBC News ·

About 100 people gathered Saturday night at the site of the former Kamloops residential school, where the Tk'emlúps te Secwépemc First Nation said the remains of 215 children were discovered last week. (Briar Stewart/CBC)

WARNING: This story contains details some readers may find distressing.

Indigenous leaders and experts in British Columbia are calling for the protection of sites of former residential schools after the Tk'emlúps te Secwépemc First Nation said the remains of 215 children were found at one such site in Kamloops, B.C.

They warn that this represents just a small portion of the thousands who died while the schools were in operation. 

Linc Kesler, an associate professor at the University of British Columbia's Institute for Critical Indigenous Studies, said it's only a matter of time before the same type of technology used by the Tk'emlúps te Secwépemc First Nation reveals more physical evidence of the horrors of residential schools across Canada. 

"It's absolutely not an isolated incident," Kesler said. 

On Thursday, Tk'emlúps te Secwépemc said preliminary findings from a ground-penetrating radar survey uncovered the remains

Mary Ellen Turpel-Lafond, director of the Indian Residential School History and Dialogue Centre at the University of British Columbia, agreed that the residential school sites should be protected. 

"We need to make sure they are controlled and protected so full investigations can be done," Turpel-Lafond said. 

'We're all grieving'

B.C. Assembly of First Nations Regional Chief Terry Teegee said he too would like the sites to be protected — but bureaucratic red tape has added layers of complication.

Teegee said Tk'emlúps te Secwépemc started the process of finding the remains 20 years ago. 

He said it would take all levels of government to come together in order to remove barriers and provide the resources needed to identify and commemorate all the children who went missing while at residential schools.

"These children had a home. These children were loved by somebody," he said. 

B.C. Assembly of First Nations Regional Chief Terry Teegee said the Tk'emlúps te Secwépemc First Nation started the process of finding the remains 20 years ago. (Rafferty Baker/CBC)

More than 100 people gathered in front of a sacred fire at the site of the Kamloops residential school Saturday evening, standing shoulder to shoulder to grieve. 

Marie Narcisse was part of the crowd on Saturday. She attended the school as a child, as did her parents. 

"So many times the oral stories of this place and many other places were told and it seemed as though nobody believed anybody," she said. 

Marie Narcisse, left, and her sister were among the crowd at the site of the Kamloops residential school on Saturday evening. (Briar Stewart/CBC)

On Sunday, Tk'emlúps te Secwépemc Kukpi7 (Chief) Rosanne Casimir said there will be a debrief with the nation's membership this week, adding that other chiefs across Canada are having similar conversations with their communities as well. 

"We're all grieving," Casimir said. "There's so many unanswered questions that our membership wants. The world wants to know."

Casimir said the discovery adds a very dark chapter to Canadian history and the state-funded residential school system. 

School closed in 1978

Narcisse and her younger sister lingered in front of the memorial at the site of the residential school for more than an hour. 

In front of the school is a memorial with dozens of names etched on a plaque. At the base of it people have left flowers and notes. On top rests a tiny pair of shoes. 

The former Kamloops Indian Residential School. Indigenous leaders and experts are calling for the protection of unmarked burial sites to allow for further investigations. (Andrew Snucins/The Canadian Press)

Historical records had indicated that 50 children died at the school, but this new discovery shows that estimate was likely dramatically low. 

The Kamloops Indian Residential School was in operation from 1890 to 1969, when the federal government took over administration from the Catholic Church to operate it as a residence for a day school, until closing in 1978.

Searching for records

Enrolment at the school peaked in the early 1950s at 500, according to the National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation (NCTR). Those children would have come from First Nations communities across B.C. and beyond. 

Tk'emlúps te Secwépemc said they are working with the BC Coroners Service, contacting the students' home communities, protecting the remains and working with museums to find records of these deaths.

Casimir previously told CBC News the missing children were undocumented deaths, some of them as young as three years old. 

She said the findings are "preliminary" and a report will be provided by a specialist next month.

---

Support is available for anyone affected by their experience at residential schools, and those who are triggered by the latest reports.

A national Indian Residential School Crisis Line has been set up to provide support for former students and those affected. People can access emotional and crisis referral services by calling the 24-hour national crisis line: 1-866-925-4419.

With files from Briar Stewart, Joel Ballard and The Canadian Press

RELATED:

===

Work underway for forensic experts to identify, repatriate children's remains from B.C. residential school

Residential school survivors says news of the burial site confirms their fears

By Dirk Meissner - 29. 

 

The former Kamloops Indian Residential School is seen on Tk'emlúps te Secwépemc First Nation near Kamloops, B.C. The remains of 215 children have been found buried on the site, according to the nation. (Andrew Snucins/The Canadian Press)

WARNING: This story contains details some readers may find distressing.

Plans are being made to identify and return home the remains of more than 200 children found buried at the site of a former residential school in British Columbia's southern Interior, a provincial Indigenous leader said.

The Tk'emlúps te Secwépemc First Nation wants to undertake the "heart-wrenching" process to eventually tell the stories of the children and bring peace to their families, said Terry Teegee, Assembly of First Nations regional chief.

The effort could involve the BC Coroners Service, the Royal B.C. Museum and forensic experts, he said.

Teegee said he has been meeting with Indigenous leaders from across the province to decide what steps to take next.

"Really, I think what needs to occur is perhaps some sort of discovery and perhaps some forensics about who these children were, where are they from if that's possible," he said in an interview from Prince George.

"And perhaps repatriation to their respective communities because the students come from not only the Tk'emlúps te Secwépemc area but also neighbouring communities and as far north as Fort Nelson," he said.

'An unthinkable loss'

Kukpi7 (Chief) Rosanne Casimir of the Tk'emlúps te Secwépemc First Nation said the remains of 215 children, some as young as three years old, were confirmed last weekend with the help of ground-penetrating radar.

She described the discovery as "an unthinkable loss that was spoken about but never documented at the Kamloops Indian Residential School."

A memorial on the steps of the Vancouver Art Gallery honours 215 children whose remains are buried at the former Kamloops Indian Residential School on Tk'emlúps te Secwépemc First Nation in B.C.'s southern Interior. (Ben Nelms/CBC)

Teegee said he spoke with Casimir about the discovery of the remains and offered support from Indigenous leaders and groups from across Canada.

He said they discussed how to continue the search and provide supports to the Tk'emlúps Nation and those who may have lost a loved one.

'There were always stories'

Casimir said on Friday that more bodies may be found because there are more areas to search in the school grounds.

Teegee said the investigation may require working with the Royal B.C. Museum on how to best manage the area and it could also mean exhuming the remains with the goal of repatriating the children to their communities.

The main administrative building of the Kamloops Indian Residential School is pictured in 1970. (Department of Citizenship and Immigration- Information Division / Library and Archives Canada)

The discovery of the remains confirms the many comments from school survivors about children disappearing, he said.

"I think it speaks to those stories of those children who said, 'There were always stories of these burials, and whatever happened to this kid who went missing in a supposedly random way,' " he said.

Vancouver memorial

Several people gathered at a Vancouver memorial this week, where children's shoes and some dolls were placed on the steps of the Vancouver Art Gallery. 

Gunargie O'​Sullivan, a residential school survivor who was at the memorial on Friday, said the news was triggering for many school survivors. 

"I'm lucky to say I'm alive," she said, adding that her mother was also a residential school survivor. 

Hundreds of shoes were placed on steps of the Vancouver Art Gallery by the Pacific Association of First Nations Women. (Ben Nelms/CBC)

O'Sullivan said survivors have repeatedly spoken about the deaths that occurred at the schools.

She hopes the memorial will help people understand the deaths were real, as is the trauma many survivors continue to experience. 

Searching the archives

Dan Muzyka, board chair of the Royal B.C. Museum, said his team is providing support to the First Nation by searching records held in the B.C. Archives for historical information related to deaths or burials at the school.

"The most significant, relevant records in the B.C. Archives are those of the Oblates of Mary Immaculate, the religious order that operated the school," Muzyka said in a statement.

"The museum is committed to fully supporting the Nation through this archival research."

Nicole Schabus, a law professor at Thompson Rivers University, said each of her first-year law students at the Kamloops university spends at least one day at the former residential school speaking with survivors.

"I'm so grateful to the survivors who had so generously shared their stories," she said.

Schabus said she did not hear survivors talk about an unmarked grave area, "but they all talk about the kids who didn't make it."

Resurfacing wounds

Survivors started calling her Thursday when the discovery was made public, saying they can't sleep because the reports triggered horrible childhood memories, she said.

Teegee said the Kamloops discovery has shed more light on Canada's dark residential school history.

"This really resurfaces the issue of residential schools and the wounds from this legacy of genocide towards Indigenous people," he said.

The Kamloops residential school operated between 1890 and 1969. The federal government took over the facility's operation from the Catholic Church and ran it as a day school until it closed in 1978.

The National Truth and Reconciliation Commission has records of at least 51 children dying at the school between 1915 and 1963.

Support available

Support is available for anyone affected by the lingering effects of residential schools, and those who are triggered by the latest reports. The Indian Residential School Survivors Society (IRSSS) can be contacted toll-free at 1-800-721-0066.

A national Indian Residential School Crisis Line has been set up to provide support for former students and those affected. Access emotional and crisis referral services by calling the 24-hour national crisis line: 1-866-925-4419.

Within B.C., the KUU-US Crisis Line Society provides a First Nations and Indigenous-specific crisis line available 24 hours a day, seven days a week. It's toll-free and can be reached at 1-800-588-8717 or online at kuu-uscrisisline.com.

With files from Georgie Smyth and Courtney Dickson

===

Remains of 215 children found buried at former B.C. residential school, First Nation says

Tk’emlúps te Secwépemc say ground-penetrating radar was used to locate remains

By Courtney Dickson, Bridgette Watson - 27. 

The former Kamloops Indian Residential School is seen on Tk’emlups te Secwépemc First Nation in Kamloops, B.C., on May 27, 2021. The remains of 215 children have been found buried on the site, the First Nation said. (Andrew Snucins/The Canadian Press)

WARNING: This story contains details some readers may find distressing.

Preliminary findings from a survey of the grounds at the former Kamloops Indian Residential School have uncovered the remains of 215 children buried at the site, the Tk'emlúps te Secwépemc First Nation said Thursday.

The First Nation said the remains were confirmed last weekend near the city of Kamloops, in B.C.'s southern Interior. 

In a statement, Tk'emlúps te Secwépemc said it hired a specialist in ground-penetrating radar to carry out the work, and that its Language and Culture Department oversaw the project to ensure it was done in a culturally appropriate and respectful way. The release did not specify the company or individual involved, or how the work was completed. 

"To our knowledge, these missing children are undocumented deaths," Tk'emlúps te Secwépemc Kukpi7 (Chief) Rosanne Casimir said in the statement.

"Some were as young as three years old. We sought out a way to confirm that knowing out of deepest respect and love for those lost children and their families, understanding that Tk'emlúps te Secwépemc is the final resting place of these children." 

Casimir told CBC that the findings are "preliminary" and a report will be provided by the specialist next month.

Speaking Friday, Casimir said community members are still "grappling" with the shock of the news as leadership looks at what steps to take next.

"For one, we need to honour these children," she told CBC's Daybreak Kamloops.

Residential school in operation until 1969 (N.B. No until 1978)

Tk'emlúps te Secwépemc said they are working with the BC Coroners Service, contacting the students' home communities, protecting the remains and working with museums to find records of these deaths.

In a statement to CBC, Lisa Lapointe, B.C.'s chief coroner, said the Coroners Service was alerted to the discovery on Thursday. 

"We are early in the process of gathering information and will continue to work collaboratively with the Tk'emlúps te Secwépemc and others as this sensitive work progresses," Lapointe said.

"We recognize the tragic, heartbreaking devastation that the Canadian residential school system has inflicted upon so many, and our thoughts are with all of those who are in mourning today."

The Kamloops Indian Residential School was in operation from 1890 to 1969, when the federal government took over administration from the Catholic Church to operate it as a residence for a day school, until closing in 1978.

Up to 500 students would have been registered at the school, according to the National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation (NCTR). Those children would have come from First Nations communities across B.C. and beyond. 

The main administrative building of the former school is pictured in 1970. (Department of Citizenship and Immigration- Information Division / Library and Archives Canada)

According to Mary Ellen Turpel-Lafond, director of the Indian Residential School History and Dialogue Centre at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission that was set up in 2008 to find out what happened in residential schools was told 50 deaths occurred at the Kamloops institution.

She said "massive ongoing problems" with historical records, including those "held by certain Catholic entities that they will not release" have made it very hard to understand accurately what happened.

Turpel-Lafond said the discovery confirms what community survivors have said for years — that many children went to the school and never returned. She also said federal agents often moved children around, so it is possible some of those found are from other First Nations communities.

Turpel-Lafond also has questions about how these children died given the rampant sexual and physical abuse documented in residential schools.

"There may be reasons why they wouldn't record the deaths properly and that they weren't treated with dignity and respect because that was the whole purpose of the residential school ... to take total control of Indian children, to remove their culture, identity and connection to their family," she said Friday on CBC's The Early Edition.

'No words' to describe grief: UBCIC

The First Nations Health Authority (FNHA) said the announcement Thursday would deeply affect Indigenous people in B.C. and across the country.

"That this situation exists is sadly not a surprise and illustrates the damaging and lasting impacts that the residential school system continues to have on First Nations people, their families and communities,'' FNHA CEO Richard Jock wrote in a statement.

Tk'emlúps te Secwépemc Kukpi7 (Chief) Rosanne Casimir said community members are still 'grappling' with the shock of the news as leadership looks at what steps to take next. (Andrew Snucins/The Canadian Press)

On Friday, the Union of British Columbia Indian Chiefs (UBCIC) said it mourned alongside the Tk'emlúps te Secwépemc.

"There are no words to express the deep mourning that we feel as First Nations people, and as survivors, when we hear an announcement like this," wrote Grand Chief Stewart Phillip, president of the UBCIC.

"Today we honour the lives of those children, and hold prayers that they, and their families, may finally be at peace."

It is estimated more than 150,000 children attended residential schools in Canada from the 1830s until the last school closed in 1997.

Many kids never returned home from schools

The NCTR estimates about 4,100 children died at the schools, based on death records, but has said the true total is likely much higher. The Truth and Reconciliation Commission said large numbers of Indigenous children who were forcibly sent to residential schools never returned home.

Federal Minister of Indigenous Services Marc Miller said in a tweet Thursday he had been in touch with Casimir to offer his support.

Federal Minister of Crown-Indigenous Relations Carolyn Bennett said in a tweet that the National Indian Residential School Crisis Line is available for former residential school students and others looking for support. It can be utilized by calling 1-866-925-4419.

A plaque is seen outside of the former Kamloops Indian Residential School. (Andrew Snucins/The Canadian Press)

During Friday's radio interview, Casimir ended the conversation with a message aimed directly at Ottawa.

"It's all good and well to the federal government to make gestures of goodwill and support regarding the tragedy," said Casimir. "There is an important ownership and accountability to both Tk'emlúps te Secwépemc and all communities and families that are affected. And that needs to happen and take place."

On Friday, B.C. Premier John Horgan issued a statement expressing his horror and heartbreak at the discovery:

"This is a tragedy of unimaginable proportions. And it is a stark example of the violence the Canadian residential school system inflicted upon Indigenous peoples and how the consequences of these atrocities continue to this day," said Horgan.

The FNHA said immediate supports for the Tk'emlúps te Secwépemc First Nation have been identified through its Interior health team, and its teams are on standby to support further needs.

---

A National Indian Residential School Crisis Line has been set up to provide support for former students and those affected. Access emotional and crisis referral services by calling the 24-hour national crisis line: 1-866 925-4419.

Within B.C., the KUU-US Crisis Line Society provides a First Nations and Indigenous-specific crisis line available 24 hours a day, seven days a week. It's toll-free and can be reached at 1-800-588-8717 or online at kuu-uscrisisline.com.

---

Preliminary findings from a survey of the grounds at the former Kamloops Indian Residential School have uncovered the remains of 215 children buried at the site, the Tk'emlúps te Secwépemc First Nation said Thursday. 8:50

With files from The Canadian Press, Daybreak Kamloops and The Early Edition