Malian Vice President, Assimi Goita on Tuesday announced that interim President Bah N’Daw and Prime Minister Moctar Ouane have been deposed after they were arrested on May 24.
Goita, the former leader of a military coup in August 2020, also promised new elections in 2022, while speaking to radio broadcaster ORTM.
N’Daw and Ouane were arrested late on Monday, shortly after issuing a decree appointing a new Cabinet.
They were taken to a military camp in Kati, about 15 kilometres northwest of the capital, Bamako.
The international community, including the USA, Germany and France strongly condemned the detention and called for their release.
The military had filled key posts in the new Cabinet announced on Monday.
However, two senior military officers from the military junta that ousted President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita in August were excluded.
The new government was supposed to strike a balance between the interests of the army and of civil society, reform the constitution and hold elections within 18 months.
The junta that had overthrown Keita was only dissolved in January.
Under pressure from the West African regional alliance ECOWAS, a transitional government was later formed with the former defence minister, N’Daw at its helm that was supposed to introduce reforms in Mali.
The country has been rocked by instability and plagued by Islamist terrorists for years.
The African Union Suspends Mali's Membership
02. June 2021
The decision comes after the Military performed a new coup d'etat last week.
The African Union (AU) on Tuesday decided to suspend Mali's membership in the regional bloc after the Military forced the resignation of the Interim Prime Minister Moctar Ouane and President Bah Ndaw last week.
AU Peace and Security Council called on the Military to refrain from any political interference in the country, where elections are due to occur in February 2021
Last month, Colonel Assimi Goita, who played a major role in overthrowing President Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta (2013-2020) in August 2020, took over the presidency post after arresting Bah Ndaw.
AU also warned of "targeted sanctions and other punitive measures" if a democratic and peaceful transition is not met. On Sunday, the African nation was also banned from the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) until 2022.
Despite the dangers in Mali in areas such as Mopti and Gao, there are also encouraging signs of progress thanks to women advancing their small enterprises. They offer hope for an inclusive society and more secure future. More �� #womenpeacesecurity pic.twitter.com/MLx8ts8suY— UN Peacekeeping (@UNPeacekeeping) June 2, 2021
On Aug. 18, 2020, Keita was outcasted by the opposition June 5 Movement-Rally of Patriotic Forces (M5-RFP) civil-military alliance, following months of anti-government protests over corruption.
The AU then suspended Mali and called for dialogue among political forces, which reached an agreement encompassing a civil transitional government for 18 months and elections in February 2022.
After being declared new interim President on May 28, Colonel Goita named opposition figure Choguel Maiga as Prime Minister.
Mali: Bah Ndaw Sworn in as Interim President
25 September 2020
ECOWAS Commission President Jean-Claude Brou told the press that the sanctions imposed by the 17 country bloc will be lifted once a civilian prime minister is designated.
Mali's appointed interim president, the retired colonel Bah Ndaw, was sworn in on Friday in the capital Bamako to lead the country for 18 months before holding national elections.
The former military, 70 years old, was chief of staff in the Malian airforce and served as defense minister in 2014. From 2008 to 2012, the interim president served as director of the Veteran's Administration, and he graduated from the Ecole de Guerre in France.
During its inauguration, Ndaw promised that he would make "a stable, calm and successful transition, in the agreed conditions and timeframe," as the coup leader Colonel Assimi Goita will be his vice-president.
The appointments represent a relative term regarding the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) demands, which had requested civilian figures as Mali's president and vice-president.
"Swearing-in of the President and Vice-President of the transition."
However, ECOWAS representative Goodluck Jonathan welcomed the decision ahead of the inauguration. "I am very happy with what is happening now in Mali. The young soldiers who have taken power are doing a job in line with what the [ECOWAS] leaders wanted," the official said.
On the other hand, ECOWAS Commission President Jean-Claude Brou told the press that the sanctions imposed by the 17 country bloc would be lifted once a civilian prime minister is designated.
"Mali has been shaken, trampled on and humiliated by its children, by us," said Bah Ndaw during its speech. The new president also said that he would tackle corruption, electoral fraud, and he will respect international agreements.Reuters, Al Jazeera, BBC