Update 24. November 2021: Hearing of James Bush - DARK WINTER - SCA Ad-hoc 18 | Im Gespräch mit James Bush - Englisch

UPDATE 11. October 2021: Feds to deploy 'non-toxic gas in NYC subways to test biological attack readiness'

UPDATE 07. November 2020: OPERATION DARK WINTER (A 2001 BIO-ATTACK SIMULATION) BY (YOU GUESSED IT) JOHN HOPKINS CCBS

UPDATE 15. January 2020: OPERATION DARK WINTER 2001 (ANTHRAX SCARE) 2020 - COVID SCARE - SAME PLAN, SAME PLAYERS

UPDATE 27. October 2020: Operation Dark Winter: The Secret U.S. Germ Games

America’s Pandemic War Games Don’t End Well

One simulation of an uncontrolled disease outbreak concluded with riots and the National Guard on the streets.

U.S. soldiers wearing gas masks wait for orders during a chemical warfare exercise in Yeoncheon near the North Korea-South Korea border on Feb. 26, 2003. KIM JAE-HWAN/AFP VIA GETTY IMAGES)

By  - 02. April 2020

On June 22, 2001, a group of well-known U.S. officials and a handful of senior policymakers gathered at Andrews Air Force Base in Maryland for a senior-level exercise that simulated a biological weapons attack—an outbreak of deadly smallpox—on the United States.

Designed by the Johns Hopkins Center for Civilian Biodefense Strategies (now called the Center for Health Security) and the Washington-based Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), the day-and-a-half-long “Dark Winter” simulation was conducted to gauge how senior leaders would respond to such an attack and included such high-level participants as Sen. Sam Nunn (who played the president), former White House advisor David Gergen (the national security advisor), and the retired career diplomat Frank Wisner (the secretary of state).

But Operation Dark Winter has since become legendary in senior policymaking circles in Washington for a different reason: It has regularly been cited by its designers and participants as the clearest exhibit of the spiraling stresses, and potential social collapse, that could be sparked by a public health crisis.

Dark Winter (which stipulates a smallpox attack by an unknown assailant) is not COVID-19 (a disease inadvertently spread by human contact), of course. But the fallout from the coronavirus pandemic bears an eerie resemblance to the simulation: leaders hampered by an inability to address a crisis they hadn’t foreseen (“We’d have been much more comfortable with a terrorist bombing,” Nunn later said in congressional testimony); national decision-making driven by data and expertise from the medical and public health sectors; management options limited by the swift and unpredictable spread of the disease (and a limited stockpile of vaccines); a health care system that lacks the surge capacity to deal with mass casualties; increased tensions between state and federal authorities; the rapid spread of misinformation on cures and treatments for the outbreak (the only way to treat smallpox is to not get it); the difficulty of controlling unpredicted flights of civilians from infected areas; domestic turmoil sparked by political uncertainty (with sporadic rioting—quelled by National Guard units—in large urban areas as grocery stores are shuttered); and an increasing reliance on the willingness (and unwillingness) of individual citizens to self-quarantine to stop the spread of the contagion.

The Dark Winter exercise ended on the second day of the simulation after three long sessions—and purposely without resolution. But then, the exercise’s goal was not to predict the future but to dramatize the issues faced by the federal government during a nationwide health crisis. In this it masterfully succeeded, showing that what begins as a localized disease outbreak (of smallpox appearing in Oklahoma City and then in two other densely populated urban areas) can quickly become a crisis that envelopes the entire nation and the world: State borders become chokepoints crowded with those fleeing the disease, Canada and Mexico close their borders with the United States, and foreign nations restrict the travel of American citizens. There is no worst-case scenario, with the collapse of American democracy, but democratic institutions are severely tested and strained. After Dark Winter was concluded, the participants drew clear lessons from the exercise, focusing on the federal government’s lack of preparation for a public health crisis.

The lessons drawn from the 2001 Dark Winter exercise provided a stark preview of what the United States would face in 2020: the unfamiliarity of governing officials with public health issues and the medical options available to address them; a likely lack of good information in the earliest moments of the crisis (Is the outbreak localized? How many Americans are infected? Where are they located? What health resources are available to treat them?); an unfamiliarity with the health care system and how medical care is actually delivered; the indecision surrounding the impact of quarantine orders (Should they be voluntary or required? Should they be local, statewide, or national? How should they be enforced?); the necessity of providing a medical surge capability that would alleviate the strain on hospitals and care providers (the U.S. military can build hospitals and quickly—as one participant noted—but who’s going to staff them?); and the need to act quickly and decisively to identify the threatening virus and, more crucially, to identify who is infected and who isn’t.

These lessons rippled out into the policymaking community, particularly after its participants and designers briefed key figures in the Bush administration and members of Congress on their findings. Included in the briefing was a series of grimly realistic videotapes of the exercise that dramatized its likely effects. “It is not pleasant,” CSIS’s John Hamre told members of Congress in introducing the videos. One of those who agreed, according to retired Air Force Col. Randall Larsen (who co-designed the simulation for CSIS), was Vice President Dick Cheney, who sat through the presentation (just nine days after 9/11) in his office at the Eisenhower Executive Office Building before offering his own judgment. “This is terrifying,” he said.

“Dark Winter was an exercise designed to push the system to failure in order to learn about its vulnerabilities,” said Andrew Lakoff, a professor of sociology at the University of Southern California who has studied Dark Winter and its impact. “The lessons of Dark Winter shaped biological preparedness policy for the next 10 years, but it is always difficult to ensure that preparedness is sustained over time.”

Trained as a sociologist and anthropologist of science in medicine, Lakoff is the author of Unprepared: Global Health in a Time of Emergency, an account of global and national responses to disease outbreaks from the SARS epidemic through the spread of the Ebola virus. So it is no surprise that Lakoff has been following the national response to the coronavirus pandemic closely—and worrying that the crisis portrayed by Dark Winter is being replayed now, in what is clearly not a simulation.

Not surprisingly, Lakoff’s worries are reflected among a growing number of health care providers, medical professionals, and policymakers who not only cite Dark Winter as one of the earliest and most well-known disease simulations but who note that it spawned a handful of follow-on exercises that, over the last two decades, should have (but seemingly didn’t) prepared public officials for the COVID-19 pandemic. “Dark Winter is extremely important,” Larsen told Foreign Policy, “but there were any number of follow-ons, right up until very recently—including one in 2019 called ‘Event 201’—that simulated what is happening right now with the coronavirus.”

In fact, by one count, there have been no less than four separate U.S. simulations that prefigured the events that unfolded in central China in January of this year. In 2005, “Atlantic Storm,” organized by the Center for Biosecurity at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, simulated an international outbreak of a smallpox pandemic (as opposed to the domestic smallpox terrorism attack stipulated by Dark Winter). “The SPARS Pandemic 2025-2028,” conducted in 2017, tested medical responses to the outbreak of a novel coronavirus in St. Paul, Minnesota. “Clade X,” hosted by the Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security in 2018, proposed a worldwide coronavirus outbreak with no vaccine (and which, according to Tom Inglesby, the center’s director, was designed to “provide experiential learning” for Trump administration officials). And, in October 2019, “Event 201” presented an exercise that started with an outbreak of a novel coronavirus (“a high-impact respiratory pathogen pandemic,” as its designers premised) that spread globally—and that presciently forecast COVID-19.

“Event 201 was basically an exercise that forecast the economic troubles a pandemic would likely cause,” Larsen said, “and proposed a series of economic preparedness steps the U.S. and global economic actors could take in responding to the crisis we’re facing now.” According to the exercise, the pandemic (a respiratory illness that starts in Brazil but ends up killing 65 million people globally) would place outsized economic strains on international medical supply chains unless there were broader cooperation among global health organizations and coordination among supply chain providers. Event 201 showed that an economic response to a coronavirus outbreak would mirror the medical response gamed out in Dark Winter—with an economic response that would be hampered in its earliest days by a lack of good information, which would, in turn, destabilize markets and seed monetary instability. The exercise presaged the events of COVID-19 that would take place within months of the simulation’s end. “It very clearly showed that a global pandemic would take a global response,” Larsen said. “It was uncannily accurate.”

“I think these simulations, these exercises, are critically important—absolutely crucial,” said Gigi Kwik Gronvall, a senior scholar at the Center for Health Security. “And I think that’s true because to really digest what is happening in a pandemic you have to experience it.” But even given the intensity to the series of simulations that began with Dark Winter in 2001, Gronvall notes that the current pandemic has exposed what the simulations predicted. “The response to COVID-19 was slowed by a lack of testing, which led to a lack of situational awareness,” she said. “The truth of this, the lesson, is that we just didn’t take the coronavirus reports coming out of China seriously enough soon enough. We just weren’t quick enough, and now we’re scrambling to catch up. It is a real problem for hospitals, which are bearing the brunt of this mistake. We needed to surge help into our nation’s hospitals right away. And we didn’t. It didn’t need to happen.”

Of course, the slow response outlined by Gronvall is bound to be a central issue in any after-action report, as it was in each of the simulations that started with Dark Winter. The issue is, after all, deeply political—as Dark Winter showed. And it is not just lives that are at stake. So, too, is the ability of the American form of government to respond deftly to a nationwide medical crisis. “In the earliest days of this crisis, it was clear that the response was insufficiently proactive at the federal level,” Lakoff argued. “Over the last century, we have developed a system for governing crisis situations that has saved us from falling into dictatorship in times of emergency. We have shown that a democracy can respond as well as a dictatorship to emergencies. But I wonder if our system will hold up in the face of the current crisis. I certainly hope so.”

Author:

Mark Perry is a senior analyst at the Quincy Institute for Responsible Statecraft and the author of 10 books on foreign policy and military history.

===

===

DARK WINTER - THE SCRIPT

The Dark Winter exercise was a 2001 fictional scenario depicting a covert smallpox attack on US citizens. Tara O'Toole (now Under Secretary for the Department of Homeland Security Science and Technology division) and Thomas Inglesby of the Johns Hopkins Center for Civilian Biodefense Strategies (now the Center for Biosecurity of the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center) / Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), and Randy Larsen and Mark DeMier of Analytic Services (ANSER) were the principal designers, authors, and controllers of the Dark Winter project.

Dark Winter - Bioterrorism Simulation Exercise: "In the summer of 2001, a group of senior-level officials, including Governor Frank Keating of Oklahoma, David Gergen, and R. James Woolsey, Jr., participated in an executive-level simulation. Dark Winter simulated a U.S. National Security Council meeting in which senior officials were confronted with a smallpox attack on the United States. The exercise illustrated the issues to be addressed in the event of a bioterrorism crisis, including the challenges facing state and local governments, the role and responsiveness of the federal government, and the likely friction spots between federal and state-level responders and responses. Coming as it did before the September 11 terrorist attacks and the subsequent anthrax attacks, Dark Winter generated an enormous amount of interest in both the public policy community and the media. CSIS has briefed Vice President Dick Cheney, National Security Advisor Condoleeza Rice, FEMA Director Joe Allbaugh, over 80 members of Congress, and senior government officials in leaders from approximately 20 ambassadors to the United States, and senior government officials from Asia, Latin America, and Europe. In addition to raising public awareness of the bioterrorism threat, these briefings contributed to the George Walker Bush Administration's decision to manufacture 300 million doses of the smallpox vaccine." (David Heyman, Senior Fellow, Technology and Public Policy Program)[2]

Planners and Funders

From the Center for Civilian Biodefense Strategies at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health:

"The Dark Winter exercise was the collaborative effort of four organizations. John J. Hamre of the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) initiated and conceived of an exercise wherein senior former officials would respond to a bioterrorist-induced national security crisis. Dr. Tara O'Toole and Dr. Tom Inglesby of the Johns Hopkins Center for Civilian Biodefense Strategies and Col. Randy Larsen (USAF, Ret.) and Mark DeMier of Analytic Services Inc. (ANSER Institute for Homeland Security) were the principal designers, authors, and controllers of Dark Winter. Sue Reingold of CSIS managed administrative and logistical arrangements. General Dennis Reimer of the Memorial Institute for the Prevention of Terrorism (MIPT) provided funding for Dark Winter."
This exercise was made possible by grant funding from The McCormick Tribune Foundation and The Oklahoma City National Memorial Institute for the Prevention of Terrorism.

Dark Winter purported to demonstrate the Federal government's inadequacies in the face of a bioterror threat-- within two weeks after the simulated smallpox attack on Oklahoma City, 16,000 Americans were infected and 6,000 were dead or dying. [1] After the exercise, the public and government officials became particularly concerned about the "bioterrorism threat," leading to the George Walker Bush Administration's decision to manufacture 300 million doses of the smallpox vaccine,[2] and Republican Senate leaders inserting language into the 2006 Defense Appropriations bill (H.R. 2863) granting legal immunity to vaccine manufacturers, even in cases of willful misconduct.[3], [4]

An Army War College report later criticized the exercise for overstating the extent of the threat. According to the report, Dark Winter tripled the normal transmission rate for smallpox — “mak[ing] it next to impossible for the game players to do very much to contain the outbreak, and assur[ing] a disastrous outcome irrespective of whatever control measures the players may attempt to carry out.”[5], [6]

Contents
1 About the Exercise
1.1 Planners and Funders
2 Related SourceWatch Resources
3 References
About the Exercise
From the Center for Biosecurity of the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center: [7]

"The Dark Winter exercise portrayed a FICTIONAL scenario depicting a covert smallpox attack on US citizens. The scenario is set in three successive National Security Council (NSC) meetings (Segments 1,2 and 3) which take place over a period of 14 days. Former senior government officials played the roles of NSC members responding to the evolving epidemic; representatives from the media were among the observers of these mock NSC meetings and played journalists during the scenario's press conferences (see Participant List). The exercise itself was held at Andrews Air Force Base, Washington, D.C. on June 22-23, 2001.
The Center for Strategic and International Studies, which participated in the Exercise, wrote:

DOWNLOAD THE ORIGINAL 'DARK WINTER' SCRIPT (PDF)

===

UPDATE:

Hearing of James Bush - DARK WINTER

Ad-hoc 18 | Im Gespräch mit James Bush - Englisch

November 24th, 2021

James Bush is a former Engineering and Operations Manager for the Infectious Disease Research Centre at Columbia (CO) State University 

===

Cult-owned Johns Hopkins University suddenly uploads its 2001 Dark Winter ‘simulation scenario’ of a bio-attack on America

By David Icke - 15. October 2021

The Dark Winter exercise portrayed a scenario depicting a covert smallpox attack on US citizens. The scenario is set in 3 successive National Security Council (NSC) meetings which take place over 2 weeks. Former senior government officials played the roles of NSC members; media representatives were among the observers and played journalists during the mock press conferences. The exercise was held at Andrews Air Force Base, Washington, DC

Deleted by the criminal GooTube censors

===

Feds to deploy 'non-toxic gas in NYC subways to test biological attack readiness'

Times Square
Times Square subway station

By NBC New York - 11. October 2021 - Updated 12. October 2021

 

New York City's response plans for a chemical or biological attack will be put to the test in the coming weeks as part of a federal preparedness study on the city's subway system.

The MTA says the Department of Homeland Security working alongside a team of researchers and city agencies will deploy a non-toxic gas this month at about 120 locations across the city, including transit, operated by transit agencies.

Most of the locations will be above ground, including some parks. A number of below-ground subway stations will also be included, though details on which ones weren't known.

The tests will be conducted on five separate days between Oct. 18 and 29. 

Straphangers and anyone in the vicinity of testing operations is advised that the gas is non-toxic and poses no health risk to the public. 

The study simulates "the aerosol release of a biological agent in a densely populated urban environment." 

"The study will track movement of non-toxic material and the results from these tests will be used to learn more about the relationship between airflow in street level and underground environments," the MTA said. 

Commuters can expect to see teams of researchers working at locations scattered across the city both above and below ground. 

The study is part of ongoing testing under the federal Urban Threat Dispersion program. New York City has been tested before, back in 2016, as have other major cities including Washington D.C. and Boston.

===

OPERATION DARK WINTER 2001 (ANTHRAX SCARE) 2020 - COVID SCARE - SAME PLAN, SAME PLAYERS

First published on BITCHUTE January 15th, 2021.

channel image

The Kick Them All Out Project

It's Time To Drain the Friggin Globalist/Collectivist Swamp!

It's no coincidence that Operation Dark Winter 20 years ago and the 2020 COVID-19 Pandemic Hoax are similar. The same corrupt cabal of global organizations, governments, and players are following the exact same script with one goal - THE GREAT GLOBALIST RESET of the entire planet!

Please check out our HUGE "INDEXED" LIBRARY ON THE CRIMINAL COVID-19 HOAX. It's an enormous free resource where you can find out the truth about everything related to COVID-19: Find out the truth about the fraudulent testing procedure, fake case and death numbers, who Dr. Fauci really is, who Bill Gates really is, the truth about the vaccine industry and the dangers of their products and much much more. There's nothing like this resource anywhere on the internet! SHARE IT WITH FRIENDS AND FAMILY!

https://kickthemallout.com/page.php/COVID-19_Fraud_News

Also our General Latest News page at: https://kickthemallout.com/page.php/Latest_News

And Follow us on our GAB page here: https://gab.com/KTAO.

===

OPERATION DARK WINTER (A 2001 BIO-ATTACK SIMULATION) BY (YOU GUESSED IT) JOHN HOPKINS CCBS

First published on BITCHUTE November 7th, 2020.

===

Operation Dark Winter: The Secret U.S. Germ Games

27. October 2020

On June 22, 2001 the United States launched Operation Dark Winter. It was a germ game that revealed how vulnerable we are to pandemics. We did nothing. Covid19 or Coronavirus was an eventuality.

A history of Germ games played by the United States government. that will affect the outcome coronavirus covid19 on our society.

25 Mar 2020 Version

• Research on blood types and coronavirus infection rates: https://www.medrxiv.org/content/10.11...

N.B.: Videos on Operation Dark Winter that survived on YouTube are most likely intentionally left there to scaremonger in a specific way that serves those on the "joy" sticks who are responsible for the COVID-19 crimes and calamity.